Great Artists and Their Masterpieces

Who are the Most Highly Regarded Artists and What Are Their Most Highly-Regarded Works of Art? If you’ve ever asked yourself these questions, then this is the list for you.  In the list below, I have arranged my ‘Best Works of Art’ list by artist, in alphabetical order.  (As you may recall, the “Best Works of Art” and “Art History 101” lists were created by compiling 18 or so ‘Best Works of Art of All Time’ lists into one gigantic meta-list of all the artworks that were mentioned on at least two of the 18 original lists.)  For obvious reasons, I have not included works where the artist is anonymous, not named or otherwise unknown.

For each artist, I have provided name(s), birth and death dates, if available, and country of origin.  Where an artist spent most or all of his productive years in another country, I have listed that country also.  I have included public domain or fair use images of many of the artists – these images include a mix of self-portraits, portraits of one artist by another, and, for 19th and 20th century artists, photographs.  An (S) symbol indicates that the work of art is a sculpture; most of the remaining works are paintings.  The number in parentheses after each work indicates how many of the 18 ‘Best Works of Art’ lists include that particular artwork.

In alphabetizing the names of the older artists, I found a wide variety of practices (for example, I’ve seen Leonardo da Vinci filed under “L”, “D”, and “V”).  I tried to find the most common practice or the practice used by the most authoritative sources (art history textbooks and museum websites rated the highest).  When that didn’t work, I alphabetized based on what made the most sense to me.  So, for example, even though two authoritative sources told me to file Vincent Van Gogh under “G”, I put him under “V” where my common sense told me to.

To see a list of Best Visual Artists organized chronologically by date of birth, go here.
For a list of Contemporary Artists and their best work, go here.

A

Pieter Aertsen (1508-1575) [Netherlands]
Butcher’s Stall (1551) (2)

Agesander 
(1st Century BCE) (Greece)
Laocoön and His Sons (c. 42-19 BCE) (S) (5)

Alexandros of Antioch (fl. 150-100 BCE) (Greece)
Venus de Milo (130-100 BCE) (S) (5)

Alessandro Algardi (1598-1654) (Italy)
Pope Leo Driving Attila from the Gates of Rome (1646-1653) (S) (2)

Albrecht Altdorfer (c. 1480-1538) (Germany)
The Battle of Alexander at Issus (1529) (6)
Albrecht Altdorfer.
Albrecht Altdorfer.

Fra Angelico (Guido di Pietro) (c. 1395-1455) (Italy)
Deposition of Christ (c. 1432-1434) (2)
The Annunciation of Cortona (1433-1434) (2)
The Annunciation (San Marco) (c. 1441-1446) (3)
Fra Angelico (self-portrait).
Portrait of Fra Angelico by Luca Signorelli in Deeds of the Antichrist (c. 1501).

Antonello da Messina (c. 1430-1479) (Italy)
Portrait of a Man (1475-1476) (2)
Virgin Annunciate (c. 1476) (2)

Apollodorus of Damascus (fl. early 2nd Century CE) (Ancient Rome)
Trajan’s Column (113 CE) (S) (3)

Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1526-1593) (Italy)
Winter (1563) (2)
Winter (1572) (2)
Winter (1573) (2)
Winter (c. 1550-1593) (2)
Giuseppe Arcimboldo (self-portrait).
Self-Portrait of Giuseppe Arcimboldo.

Athenodoros (1st Century BCE) (Greece)
Laocoön and His Sons (c. 42-19 BCE) (S) (5)

B

Francis Bacon (1909-1992) (Ireland/UK)
Three Studies for the Base of a Crucifixion (1944) (2)
Study After Velazquez’s Portrait of Pope Innocent X (1953) (3)
Head Surrounded by Sides of Beef (1954) (2)
Francis Bacon.
Painting of Bacon, by Reginald Gray (1989).

Hans Baldung Grien (c. 1484-1545) (Germany)
The Three Ages of Man with Death (c. 1539-1544) (2)

Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904) (France)
Statue of Liberty (1886) (S) (4)
Frederic Auguste Bartholdi.
Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, photographed by Napoleon Sarony (1880).

Nicolas Bataille (fl. 1363-1400) (France)
Apocalypse Tapestry (1377-1382) (3)

Pompeo Batoni (1708-1787) (Italy)
Thomas William Coke (1774) (2)
Pompeo Batoni (self-portrait).
Self-portrait of Pompeo Batoni.

Ibn al-Bawwab (Ali ibn Hilal) (d. 1022) (Persia)
Illustrated Qur’an (1000-1001)

Max Beckmann (1884-1950) (Germany)
Self-Portrait in a Tuxedo (1927) (2)
Departure (1932-1933) (2)
Max Beckmann - Self-Portrait with Horn.
Max Beckmann – Self-Portrait with Horn (1938-1940).

Kamal ud-Din Behzad (1450-1535) (Persia)
Illustrated Bustan of Sadi (1487-1488) (2)

Giovanni Bellini (c. 1430-1516) (Italy)
The Agony in the Garden (c. 1459-1465) (2)
St. Francis in the Wilderness (c. 1480) (3)
San Giobbe Altarpiece (1487) (3)
Portrait of the Doge Leonardo Loredan (1501-1504) (3)

Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598-1680) (Italy)
Apollo and Daphne (1622-1625) (S) (3)
Fountain of the Four Rivers (1651) (S) (2)
The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa (1647-1652) (S) (7)
Gian Lorenzo Bernini (self-portrait).
Self-Portrait of Gian Lorenzo Bernini (c. 1623).

George Caleb Bingham (1811-1879) (US)
Fur Traders Descending the Missouri (1845) (3)
George Caleb Bingham.
Self-Portrait of George Caleb Bingham (1834-1835).

William Blake (1757-1827) (UK)
The Ancient of Days (1824) (2)
William Blake.
Portrait of William Blake by Thomas Phillips (1807).

Umberto Boccioni (1882-1916) (Italy)
Unique Forms of Continuity in Space (1913) (S) (3)
The Charge of the Lancers (1915) (2)
Umberto Boccioni.
Self-Portrait of Umberto Boccioni (1905).

Arnold Böcklin (1827-1901) (Switzerland)
The Isle of the Dead (1880-1886) (5) (four versions)
Arnold Bocklin - Self-Portrait with Death the Fiddler.
Arnold Boecklin – Self-Portrait with Death the Fiddler (1872).

Jean Bondol (Hennequin de Bruges) (fl. late 14th Century) (Netherlands)
Apocalypse Tapestry (1377-1382) (3)

Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) (France)
Nude in the Bath (The Bather) (1936) (3)
Self-Portrait of Pierre Bonnard (c. 1889).
Self-Portrait of Pierre Bonnard (c. 1889).

Hieronymous Bosch (c. 1450-1516) (Netherlands)
The Temptation of St. Anthony (1500-1501) (2)
The Last Judgment (1504-1508) (2)
The Garden of Earthly Delights (c. 1510) (10)
Hieronymous Bosch.
Portrait of Hieronymous Bosch, attributed to Jacques Le Boucq (c. 1550).

Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi) (c. 1445-1510) (Italy)
Virgin and Child with Eight Angels (c. 1477-1478) (2)
La Primavera (1477-1482) (7)
Punishment of the Rebels (1481-1482) (2)
The Birth of Venus (1486) (8)
Sandro Botticelli (believed to be self-portrait).
Probable self-portrait of Sandro Botticelli in The Adoration of the Magi (1475).

François Boucher (1703-1770) (France)
Resting Maiden (Reclining Nude) (Miss O’Murphy) (1751) (2)
Madame de Pompadour (1758) (2)
Portrait of Francois Boucher by Gustav Lundberg.
Portrait of Francois Boucher by Gustaf Lundberg (1741).

Dierec Bouts (c. 1415-1475) (Netherlands/Belgium)
The Last Supper (1464-1467) (3)

Constantin Brâncuși (1876-1957) (Romania/France)
The Kiss (1907) (S) (2)
Bird in Space (1925-1931) (S) (2)
Photo of Constantin Brancusi by Edward Steichen.
Constantin Brancusi, photographed by Edward Steichen (1922).

Georges Braque (1882-1963) (France)
The Portuguese (1911) (3)

An undated photograph of Georges Braque.

An undated photograph of Georges Braque.

Agnolo Bronzino (1503-1572) (Italy)
Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time (c. 1540-1560) (4)

Adriaen Brouwer (1605-1638) (Flanders, Netherlands)
The Bitter Draught (The Bitter Tonic) (c. 1635-1638)

Ford Madox Brown (1821-1893) (UK)
The Last of England (1852-1855) (2)
Work (1852-1865) (2)
Ford Madox Brown (self-portrait).
Self-Portrait of Ford Madox Brown (1850).

Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525-1569) (Flanders)
Landscape with the Fall of Icarus (c. 1555-1558) (2) (possible copy)
Netherlandish Proverbs (The Blue Cloak) (1559) (2)
The Triumph of Death (1562) (2)
The Tower of Babel (1563) (3)
The Hunters in the Snow (1565) (9)
The Census at Bethlehem (1566) (3)
The Massacre of the Innocents (1565-1567) (2)
The Peasant Wedding (1567) (3)
The Parable of the Blind (1568) (2)
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (left figure believed to be self-portrait).
Presumed self-portrait of Pieter Bruegel the Elder (left figure) in The Painter and the Art Lover (c. 1565).

Bryaxis (350-c. 300 BCE) (Greece)
Amazon Frieze, Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (c. 357-350 BCE) (S) (2)

Edward Burne-Jones (1833-1898) (UK)
The Golden Stairs (1880)
Photogravure by Frederick Hollyer (1900) of an 1898 portrait of Edward Burne-Jones by his son, Philip Burne-Jones.
Photogravure by Frederick Hollyer (1900) of an 1898 portrait of Edward Burne-Jones by his son, Philip Burne-Jones.

C

Gustave Caillebotte (1848-1894) (France)
Paris Street, Rainy Day (1877) (3)
Self-Portrait of Gustave Caillebotte (c. 1892).
Self-Portrait of Gustave Caillebotte (c. 1892).

Robert Campin (c. 1375-1444) (Flanders)
The Mérode Altarpiece (1425-1428) (2) (attribution in question)
The Werl Altarpiece (1438) (2) (attribution in question)

Canaletto (Giovanni Antonio Canal) (1697-1768) (Italy)
The Stonemason’s Yard (Venice: Campo Santa Vidal and Santa Maria Della Carita) (1726-1730) (3)
Return of the Bucintoro to the Molo on Ascension Day (1734) (2)
Canaletto.
Canaletto.

Antonio Canova (1757-1822) (Italy)
Psyche Awakened by Eros (1787-1793) (S) (3)
Self-Portrait of Antonio Canova (1792).
Self-Portrait of Antonio Canova (1792).

Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio) (1571-1610) (Italy)
Bacchus (c. 1595-1597) (2)
Supper in Emmaus (1601) (4)
Conversion of St. Paul on the Way to Damascus (1601) (2)
Scenes from the Life of St Matthew (1599-1602) (3)
The Entombment of Christ (1602-1604) (2)
The Burial of St. Lucy (1608) (2)
Portrait of Caravaggio by Ottavio Leoni (c. 1621).
Portrait of Caravaggio by Ottavio Leoni (c. 1621).

Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (1827-1875) (France)
The Dance (1865-1869) (S) (2)
Self-Portrait by Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux.
Self-Portrait by Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux.

Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571) (Italy)
Perseus with the Head of Medusa (1545-1554) (S) (2)
Bust of Benvenuto Cellini by Raffaello Romanelli (1901).
Bust of Benvenuto Cellini by Raffaello Romanelli (1901).

Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) (France)
Mont Sainte-Victoire Seen from the Bibémus Quarry (1897) (3)
The Large Bathers (1905) (7)
Mont Sainte-Victoire from Les Lauves (1904-1906) (2)
Paul Cezanne (c. 1861).
Paul Cezanne (c. 1861).

Marc Chagall (1887-1985) (Russia)
I and the Village (1911) (2)
The Fiddler (1911) (2)
War (1966) (2)
Marc Chagall (1921).
Marc Chagall (1921).

Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin (1699-1779) (France)
The Young Schoolmistress (c. 1735-1736) (2)
Self-Portrait of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin (1771).
Self-Portrait of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin (1771).

Giorgio de Chirico (1888-1978) (Greece/Italy)
The Uncertainty of the Poet (1913) (3)
The Mystery and Melancholy of a Street (1914) (4)
Giorgio de Chirico, photographed by Carl Van Vechten (1936).
Giorgio de Chirico, photographed by Carl Van Vechten (1936).

Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900) (US)
Cotopaxi (1862) (3)
Frederic Edwin Church (c. 1855-1865).
Frederic Edwin Church (c. 1855-1865).

Cimabue (c. 1240-1302) (Italy)
Santa Trinita Maestà (c. 1280-1290)

John Constable
 (1776-1837) (UK)

Boat Building Near Flatford Mill (1815) (2)
The Hay Wain (1821) (5)
Self-Portrait of John Constable (1806).
Self-Portrait of John Constable (1806).

John Singleton Copley (1738-1815) (Colonial America/UK)
Watson and the Shark (1778) (3)
Portrait of John Singleton Copley by Gilbert Stuart.
Portrait of John Singleton Copley by Gilbert Stuart.

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (1796-1875) (France)
Woman with a Pearl (c. 1870) (2)
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot.
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot.

Correggio (Antonio Allegri da Correggio) (1489-1534) (Italy)
Jupiter and Io (c. 1530-1532) (5)
Correggio.
Correggio.

Pietro da Cortona (1596-1669) (Italy)
Allegory of Divine Providence and Barberini Power (The Triumph of Divine Providence) (1633-1639) (3)
Self-Portrait of Pietro da Cortona.
Self-Portrait of Pietro da Cortona.

John Sell Cotman (1782-1842) (UK)
Chirk Aqueduct (Crambe Beck Bridge) (1804) (2)
John Sell Cotman - Self-Portrait Holding the Book 'Normandie'.
John Sell Cotman – Self-Portrait Holding the Book ‘Normandie’.

Gustave Courbet (1819-1877) (France)
The Meeting, or Bonjour, Monsieur Courbet! (1854) (2)
The Studio of the Painter: A Real Allegory (The Artist’s Studio) (1855) (3)
Gustave Courbet, photographed by Nadar.
Gustave Courbet, photographed by Nadar.

Guillaume Coustou the Elder (1677-1746) (France)
Horse Restrained by a Groom (The Marly Horse) (1739-1745) (S) (2)

D

Salvador Dali (1904-1989) (Spain)
The Persistence of Memory (1931) (7)
Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War) (1936) (3)
Lobster Telephone (1936) (S) (2)
The Temptation of St. Anthony (1946) (2)
Salvador Dali, photographed by Richard Higgins (1965).
Salvador Dali, photographed by Richard Higgins (1965).

Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) (France)
Oath of the Horatii (1785) (5)
The Death of Marat (1793) (5)
Self-Portrait of Jacques-Louis David (1794).
Self-Portrait of Jacques-Louis David (1794).

Edgar Degas (1834-1917) (France)
The Dance Class (1873-1875) (2)
L’Absinthe (In the Cafe) (1876) (2)
The Tub (1886) (2)
Woman in the Bath (1886) (2)
Self-Portrait of Edgar Degas (1855).
Self-Portrait of Edgar Degas (1855).

Willem de Kooning (1904-1997) (Netherlands/US)
Woman 1 (1950-1952) (2)
Willem de Kooning in his studio (1961).
Willem de Kooning in his studio (1961).

Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863) (France)
Orphan Girl in a Cemetery (Girl Seated in a Cemetery) (1824) (2)
Death of Sardanapalus (1827) (5)
Liberty Leading the People (1830) (4)
Self-Portrait of Eugene Delacroix (c. 1837).
Self-Portrait of Eugene Delacroix (c. 1837).

Robert Delaunay (1885-1941) (France)
Windows Open Simultaneously (1912) (3)
Self-Portrait of Robert Delaunay (1905-1906).
Self-Portrait of Robert Delaunay (1905-1906).

André Derain (1880-1954) (France)
Portrait of Matisse (1905) (2)
Portrait of Andre Derain by Henri Matisse (1905).
Portrait of Andre Derain by Henri Matisse (1905).

Claus de Werve (c. 1380-1439) (Netherlands)
Mourners, Tomb of Philip the Bold (c. 1395-1410) (S) (2)

Otto Dix (1891-1969) (Germany)
Skat Players (1920) (2)
Portrait of the Journalist Silvia von Harden (1926) (2)
Self-Portrait with Easel, by Otto Dix.
Self-Portrait with Easel, by Otto Dix.

Donatello (Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi) (c. 1386-1466) (Italy)
The Feast of Herod (1423-1427) (S) (2)
David (c. 1435-1440) (S) (5)

Duccio (Duccio di Buoninsegna) (c. 1255-1319) (Italy)
Maestà Altarpiece (1308-11) (8)

Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968) (France/US)
Nude Descending a Staircase #2 (1912) (5)
The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (1915-1923) (2)
Marcel Duchamp.
Marcel Duchamp.

François Duquesnoy (1597-1643) (Flanders)
Statue of St. Andrew (1629-1633) (S) (2)
Portrait of the Sculptor Francois Duquesnoy, by Anthony van Dyck (c. 1700-1734).
Portrait of the Sculptor Francois Duquesnoy, by Anthony van Dyck (1627-1629).

Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) (Germany)
Self-Portrait (1498) (3)
The Apocalypse (1498) (2)
Adam und Eve (1507) (3)
Melencolia I (1514) (2)
The Four Apostles (1526) (2)
Self-Portrait of Albrecht Durer (1500).
Self-Portrait of Albrecht Dürer (1500).

Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641) (Flanders/UK)
Charles I at the Hunt (1635) (3)
Self-Portrait with a Sunflower, by Anthony van Dyck (c. 1634).
Self-Portrait with a Sunflower, by Anthony van Dyck (c. 1634).

E

Eadfrith of Lindisfarne (early 7th Century-721) (UK)
Lindisfarne Gospels (c. 700-715) (5)

Thomas Eakins (1844-1916) (US)
Max Schmitt in a Single Scull (1871) (4)
The Gross Clinic (1875) (2)
Self-Portrait of Thomas Eakins (1904).
Self-Portrait of Thomas Eakins (1904).

Adam Elsheimer (1578-1610) (Germany/Italy)
The Flight into Egypt (1609) (4)
Self-Portrait of Adam Elsheimer (c. 1606-1607).
Self-Portrait of Adam Elsheimer (c. 1606-1607).

James Ensor (1860-1949) (Belgium)
The Entry of Christ into Brussels (1888-1889, rev. 1920) (2)Photograph of James Ensor in front of The Entry of Christ into Brussels, taken by Albert Lilar in the 1940s.
Photograph of James Ensor in front of The Entry of Christ into Brussels, taken by Albert Lilar in the 1940s.

Jacob Epstein (1880-1959) (US/UK)
The Rock Drill (1913-1914) (S) (2)
Jacob Epstein, photographed by George Charles Beresford (1924).
Jacob Epstein, photographed by George Charles Beresford (1924).

Max Ernst (1891-1976) (Germany)
The Elephant Celebes (1921) (2)
The Great Forest (1927) (2)
Max Ernst, with Dorthea Tanning, photographed by Robert Bruce Inverarity (1948).
Max Ernst, with Dorthea Tanning, photographed by Robert Bruce Inverarity (1948).

Euphronios (c. 535-469 BCE) (Greece) & Euxitheos
Euphronios Krater (Sarpedon Krater) (c. 515 BCE) (4)

Jan van Eyck (c. 1389-1441) (Flanders)
The Ghent Altarpiece (1432) (6)
Portrait of a Man in a Turban (1433) (2)
Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (The Arnolfini Portrait) (1434) (6)
Madonna of Chancellor Rolin (1434-1435) (8)
Probable self-portrait of Jan van Eyck - Portrait of a Man in a Red Turban.
Probable self-portrait of Jan van Eyck – Portrait of a Man (1433).

Hubert van Eyck (1385-1426) (Flanders)
The Ghent Altarpiece (1432) (6)

F

Etienne-Maurice Falconet (1716-1791) (France)
Monument to Peter the Great (The Bronze Horseman) (1766-1778) (S) (3)
Etienne-Maurice Falconet.
Etienne-Maurice Falconet.

Fan Kuan (fl. 990-1020) (China)
Travellers Among Streams & Mountains (c. 1000-1020) (2)

Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840) (Germany)
Tetschen Altar (The Cross in the Mountains) (1807-1808) (2)
Winter Landscape (1811) (2)
The Sea of Ice (The Wreck of Hope) (1822-1824)
Portrait of Caspar David Friedrich by Gerhard von Kugelgen (c. 1810-1820).
Portrait of Caspar David Friedrich by Gerhard von Kugelgen (c. 1810-1820).

Jean Fouquet (1420-1481) (France)
The Melun Diptych (c. 1450-1452) (2)
Self-Portrait of Jean Fouquet (1450).
Self-Portrait of Jean Fouquet (1450).

Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806) (France)
The Swing (1767) (5)
Self-Portrait of Jean-Honore Fragonard.
Self-Portrait of Jean-Honore Fragonard.

Henry Fuseli (1741-1825) (Switzerland/UK)
The Nightmare (1781) (3)
Portrait of Henry Fuseli by James Northcote (1778)
Portrait of Henry Fuseli by James Northcote (1778)

G

Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) (UK)
Mr. and Mrs. Andrews (1748–1749) (3)
Jonathan Buttall “The Blue Boy” (c. 1770) (4)
Self-Portrait of Thomas Gainsborough (1759).
Self-Portrait of Thomas Gainsborough (1759).

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) (France)
Day of the God (Mahana No Atua) (1894) (2)
Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going? (1897) (5)Paul Gauguin.
Paul Gauguin.

Geertgen tot Sint Jans (c. 1465-1495) (Netherlands/Belgium)
John the Baptist in the Wilderness (c. 1485–1490) (2)
Geertgen tot Sint Jans.
Geertgen tot Sint Jans.

Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-1656) (Italy)
Judith Beheading Holofernes (1611-1613) (3)
Self-Portrait as the Allegory of Painting, by Artemisia Gentileschi (1638-1639).
Self-Portrait as the Allegory of Painting, by Artemisia Gentileschi (1638-1639).

Théodore Géricault (1791-1824) (France)
The Raft of the Medusa (1819) (9)
Self-Portrait of Theodore Gericault.
Self-Portrait of Theodore Gericault.

Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1455) (Italy)
North Doors, Florence Baptistery (1403-1424) (S) (2)
The Gates of Paradise (East Doors of Florence Baptistery) (1425-1452) (S) (4)

Self-Portrait of Lorenzo Ghiberti.

Self-Portrait of Lorenzo Ghiberti (1425-1452).

Domenico Ghirlandaio (1449-1494) (Italy)
An Old Man and His Grandson (1490) (3)
Probable self-portrait of Domenico Ghirlandaio in The Adoration of the Magi (1485-1488).
Probable self-portrait of Domenico Ghirlandaio in The Adoration of the Magi (1485-1488).

Alberto Giacometti (1901-1966) (Switzerland)
Portrait of Jean Genet (1955) (2)
Alberto Giacometti.
Alberto Giacometti.

Giambologna (Jean Boulogne) (1529-1608) (Flanders/Italy)
Rape of the Sabine Women (1581-1583) (S) (4)
Portrait of Giambologna by Hendrick Goltzius (1591).
Portrait of Giambologna by Hendrick Goltzius (1591).

Giorgione (Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco) (1477-1510) (Italy)
The Tempest (1506-1508) (4)
The Three Philosophers (1506-1509) (3)
Possible self-portrait of Giorgione (1510).
Possible self-portrait of Giorgione (1510).

Giotto (Giotto di Bondone) (1266-1337) (Italy)
Frescoes, Scrovegni Chapel (c. 1305-1308) (13)
Statue of Giotto by Giovanni Duprè (1845).
Statue of Giotto by Giovanni Duprè (1845).

Antony Gormley (1950- ) (UK)
The Angel of the North (1998) (S) (4)
Antony Gormley (2007).
Antony Gormley (2007).

Guo Xi (c. 1020-1090) (China)
Early Spring (c. 1072) (3)

Francisco Goya (1746-1828) (Spain)
The Naked Maja (c. 1800) (3)
Portrait of Charles IV and His Family (1800) (2)
The Colossus (1808-1812) (3) (attribution questioned)
The Third of May, 1808 (1814) (12)
Disasters of War (book of prints) (1812-1815)
The Witches’ Sabbath (1821) (2)
Saturn Devouring His Son (1819-1823) (2)
Vision Fantastica (Asmodea) (1823) (2)
A Pilgrimage to San Isidro (1823) (2)
Self-Portrait of Francisco Goya (1815).
Self-Portrait of Francisco Goya (1815).

Benozzo Gozzoli (c. 1421-1497) (Italy)
The Procession of the Magi (c. 1459-1462) (3)
Self-Portrait of Benozzo Gozzoli in The Procession of the Magi (1459-1460).
Self-Portrait of Benozzo Gozzoli in The Procession of the Magi (1459-1460).

Juan Gris (José Victoriano González-Pérez) (1887-1927) (Spain/France)
The Breakfast Table (1915) (2)
Juan Gris, photographed by Man Ray (1922).
Juan Gris, photographed by Man Ray (1922).

George Grosz (1893-1959) (Germany/US)
Suicide (1916) (2)
Pillars of Society (1926) (2)
George Grosz (1921).
George Grosz (1921).

Matthias Grünewald (c. 1470-1528) (Germany)
The Isenheim Altarpiece (1509-1515) (13)

Francesco Guardi (1712-1793) (Italy)
Gondolas on the Lagoon (The Grey Lagoon) (1765) (2)
Portrait of Francesco Guardi by Pietro Longhi (1764).
Portrait of Francesco Guardi by Pietro Longhi (1764).

H

Frans Hals (c. 1582-1666) (Netherlands/Belgium)
The Laughing Cavalier (1625) (3)

A copy of a Frans Hals Self-Portrait.

A copy of a Frans Hals Self-Portrait.

Erich Heckel (1883-1970) (Germany)
Nude on a Sofa (1909) (2)
Portrait of Erich Heckel at the easel by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.
Portrait of Erich Heckel at the easel by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.

Nicholas Hilliard (c. 1547-1619) (UK)
Young Man among Roses (c. 1585-1590) (2)
Self-Portrait of Nicholas Hilliard.
Self-Portrait of Nicholas Hilliard.

David Hockney (1937- ) (UK/US)
A Bigger Splash (1967) (3)
David Hockney.
David Hockney.

Ferdinand Hodler (1853-1918) (Switzerland)
The Night (1890) (2)
Self-Portrait of Ferdinand Hodler (1916).
Self-Portrait of Ferdinand Hodler (1916).

William Hogarth (1697-1764) (UK)
A Rake’s Progress (c. 1735) (series of eight paintings) (3)
Marriage à-la-mode (1743-1745) (series of six paintings) (4)
The Painter and His Pug, self-portrait by William Hogarth (1745).
The Painter and His Pug, self-portrait by William Hogarth (1745).

Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849) (Japan)
Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji, incl. The Great Wave off the Coast of Kanagawa (1829-1833) (6)
Self-Portrait by Katsushika Hokusai (1839).
Self-Portrait by Katsushika Hokusai (1839).

Hans Holbein the Younger (c. 1497-1543) (Germany)
The Body of the Dead Christ in the Tomb (1520-1522) (3)
Lady with the Squirrel and a Starling (1526-1528) (2)
The Ambassadors (1533) (5)
Self-Portrait of Hans Holbein the Younger (1542/1543).
Self-Portrait of Hans Holbein the Younger (1542/1543).

Winslow Homer (1836-1910) (US)
Snap the Whip (1872) (2)
The Gulf Stream (1899) (2)
Winslow Homer, photographed by Napoleon Sarony (1880).
Winslow Homer, photographed by Napoleon Sarony (1880).

Pieter de Hooch (1629-1684) (Netherlands)
Two Soldiers and a Woman Drinking in a Courtyard (A Dutch Courtyard) (1660) (2)Self-Portrait of Pieter de Hooch (1648-1649).
Self-Portrait of Pieter de Hooch (1648-1649).

Edward Hopper (1882-1967) (US)
Early Sunday Morning (1930) (3)
Gas (1940) (2)
Nighthawks (1942) (5)
Self-Portrait by Edward Hopper (1906).
Self-Portrait by Edward Hopper (1906).

Jean-Antoine Houdon (1741-1828) (France)
Portrait of Voltaire, Seated (1781) (S) (2)
Portrait of Jean-Antoine Houdon by Rembrandt Peale (1808).
Portrait of Jean-Antoine Houdon by Rembrandt Peale (1808).

Huang Gongwang (1269-1354) (China)
Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains (1348-1350) (2)

Master Hugo (fl. c. 1130-1150) (UK)
The Bury Bible (c. 1135) (2)

I

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (1780-1867) (France)
The Valpincon Bather (1808) (3)
The Turkish Bath (1862) (2)
Self-Portrait at Age 24, by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (1804).
Self-Portrait at Age 24, by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (1804).

J

Jasper Johns (1930- ) (US)
Flag (1954-1955) (2)
Painted Bronze: Ale Cans (1964) (S) (3)
Jasper Johns.
Jasper Johns.

Jokei (fl. late 12th the Century) (Japan)
Guardians, Kofuku-ji Temple (c. 1190-1200) (S) (2)

Donald Judd (1928-1994) (US)
Untitled (installation of 100 mill-aluminium boxes) (1982-6) (S) (2)Donald Judd.
Donald Judd.

K

Frida Kahlo (1907-1954) (Mexico)
The Two Fridas (1939) (3)
Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird, by Frida Kahlo (1940).
Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird, by Frida Kahlo (1940).

Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944) (Russia/France)
The Blue Rider (1903) (2)
Church in Murnau (1910) (2)
Composition VII (1913) (3)
Several Circles (1926) (2)
Wassily Kandinksy (c. 1913).
Wassily Kandinksy (c. 1913).

Anish Kapoor (1954- ) (India/UK)
Marsyas (2002) (S) (2)
Anish Kapoor (2008).
Anish Kapoor (2008).

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938) (Germany)
Self-Portrait with a Model (1910) (2)
Five Women on the Street (1913) (2)
Self-Portrait as a Soldier (1915) (2)
Photographic self-portrait by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1919).
Photographic self-portrait by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1919).

Paul Klee (1879-1940) (Switzerland/Germany)
Ad Parnassum (1932) (2)
Paul Klee, photographed by Alexander Eliasberg (1911).
Paul Klee, photographed by Alexander Eliasberg (1911).

Gustav Klimt (1862-1918) (Austria)
The Beethoven Frieze (1902) (2)
Fritza Riedler (1906) (2)
Adele Blochbauer (1907) (3)
The Kiss (1908) (5)
Gustav Klimt, photographed by Josef Anton Trčka (1914).
Gustav Klimt, photographed by Josef Anton Trčka (1914).

Oskar Kokoschka (1886-1980) (Austria)
The Bride of the Wind (The Tempest) (1914) (3)
Self-Portrait of Oskar Kokoshka (1913).
Self-Portrait of Oskar Kokoshka (1913).

Jeff Koons (1955- ) (US)
Puppy (1992) (S) (2)
Jeff Koons (2009).
Jeff Koons (2009).

Kosho (late 12th Century-early 13th Century) (Japan)
Kuya Preaching (c. 1185-1206) (S) (2)

Kritios (fl. 490-470 BCE) (Ancient Greece)
Kritos Boy (c. 480 BCE) (S) (2)

L

Fernand Léger (1881-1955) (France)
The Wedding (1911) (2)
The Two Sisters (1935) (2)
Fernand Léger.
Fernand Léger.

Wilhelm Leibl (1844-1900) (Germany)
Three Women in Church (1878-1882) (2)
Self-Portrait of Wilhelm Leibl at age 18.
Self-Portrait of Wilhelm Leibl at age 18.

Leochares (fl. 360-320 BCE) (Greece)
Amazon Frieze, Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (c. 357-350 BCE) (S) (2)
Apollo Belvedere (c. 350-320 BCE) Roman marble copy (S) (2)

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) (Italy)
The Adoration of the Magi (1481-1482) (3)
Virgin of the Rocks (I) (1483-1486) (4)
Lady with an Ermine
(c. 1490) (5)
The Last Supper (1495-1498) (3)
Mona Lisa (1503-1505) (9)
Virgin of the Rocks (II) (1495-1508) (2)
The Virgin and Child with St. Anne (c. 1508-1510) (3)
Self-Portrait of Leonardo da Vinci (c. 1512).
Self-Portrait of Leonardo da Vinci (c. 1512).

Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997) (US)
Whaam! (1963) (2)
Roy Lichtenstein, photographed by Robert Mapplethorpe (1985).
Roy Lichtenstein, photographed by Robert Mapplethorpe (1985).

Herman, Paul and Johan Limbourg (fl. 1385-1416) (Netherlands/France)
Les Très Riches Heurs du Duc de Berry (1411-1416) (7)

Ambrogio Lorenzetti (c. 1285-1348) (Italy)
The Allegory and Effects of Good and Bad Government (c. 1337-1340) (2)
Portrait of Ambrogio Lorenzetti from 1568 edition of Vasari's Lives.
Portrait of Ambrogio Lorenzetti from 1568 edition of Vasari’s Lives.

Lysippos (4th Century BCE) (Greece)
The Farnese Heracles (370-310 BCE) marble copy by Glykon (c. 218) (S) (4)

M

René Magritte (1898-1967) (Belgium)
The Human Condition (1933) (4)
Empire of Light (1950-1954) (2) (multiple versions)
Rene Magritte, photographed by Lothar Wolleh (1967).
Rene Magritte, photographed by Lothar Wolleh (1967).

Kazimir Malevich (1879-1935) (Ukraine/Russia)
Black Square on White Ground (1915) (4)
Suprematist Composition: White on White (1918) (2)
Self-Portrait of Kazimir Malevich (c. 1908-1912).
Self-Portrait of Kazimir Malevich (c. 1908-1912).

Édouard Manet (1832-1883) (France)
Olympia (1863) (6)
Le Dejeuner sur l’Herbe (1863) (4)
The Dead Toreador (1864) (2)
Luncheon in the Studio (1868) (2)
The Bar at the Folies-Bergere (1882) (6)
Self-Portrait of Edouard Manet (1879).
Self-Portrait of Edouard Manet (1879).

Andrea Mantegna (c. 1431-1506) (Italy)
The Crucifixion (Calvary) (1456-1459) (2)
Death of the Virgin (1460-1464) (2)
Frescoes, Camera degli Sposi (1465-1474) (5)
Lamentation over the Dead Christ (c. 1480-1490) (4)
Possible self-portrait of Andrea Mantegna in The Presentation of Christ in the Temple (1465-1466).
Possible self-portrait of Andrea Mantegna in The Presentation of Christ in the Temple (1465-1466).

Maqsud of Kashan (fl. 1539-1540) (Iran)
Ardabil Carpet (1539-40) (3)

Franz Marc (1880-1916) (Germany)
The Tiger (1912) (3)
Portrait of Franz Marc, by August Macke (1910).
Portrait of Franz Marc, by August Macke (1910).

Simone Martini (c. 1284-1344) (Italy)
St. Ansanus Altarpiece (1335-1335) (7)

Masaccio (Tommaso Guidi) (1401-1428) (Italy)
Frescoes, Brancacci Chapel (1424-1428) (10)
The Holy Trinity (1428) (5)
Self-Portrait of Masaccio in Brancacci Chapel Frescoes (1425-1427).
Self-Portrait of Masaccio in Brancacci Chapel Frescoes (1425-1427).

Henri Matisse (1869-1954) (France)
The Dance (II) (1910) (4)
L’Atelier Rouge (The Red Studio) (1911) (2)
The Piano Lesson (1916) (2)
Henri Matisse, photographed by Carl Van Vechten (1933).
Henri Matisse, photographed by Carl Van Vechten (1933).

Ma Yuan (c. 1160-1225) (China)
Bare Willows and Distant Mountains (13th Century) (2)

Hans Memling (c. 1430-1494) (Germany/Flanders)
The Last Judgment (1467-1471) (2)
St. John’s Altarpiece (1474-1479) (2)
Self-Portrait of Hans Memling.
Self-Portrait of Hans Memling.

Lippo Memmi (c. 1291-1356) (Italy)
St. Ansanus Altarpiece (1335-1335) (7)

Adolph Menzel (1815-1905) (Germany)
Living Room with the Artist’s Sister (1847) (2)
Self-Portrait of Adolph Menzel (1882).
Self-Portrait of Adolph Menzel (1882).

Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) (Italy)
Pieta (1497-1499) (S) (6)
David (1501-1504) (S) (10)
Frescoes, Sistine Chapel Ceiling (1508-1512) (9)
The Last Judgment (Frescoes, Sistine Chapel altar wall) (1534-1541) (8)
Portrait of Michelangelo Buonarroti by Jacopino del Conte ( c. 1535).
Portrait of Michelangelo Buonarroti by Jacopino del Conte ( c. 1535).

John Everett Millais (1829-1896) (UK)
Ophelia (1851–1852) (3)
Self-Portrait of John Everett Millais.
Self-Portrait of John Everett Millais.

Jean-François Millet (1814-1875) (France)
The Gleaners (1857) (4)
Jean-Fancois Millet, photographed by Nadar.
Jean-Fancois Millet, photographed by Nadar.

Joan Miró (1893-1983) (Spain)
Catalan Landscape (The Hunter) (1924) (2)
The Tilled Field (1924) (2)
Harlequin’s Carnival (1924-1925) (2)
The Birth of the World (1925) (2)
Dutch Interior I (1928) (2)
Joan Miro, photographed by Carl Van Vechten (1935).
Joan Miro, photographed by Carl Van Vechten (1935).

Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920) (Italy/France)
Paul Guillaume (1916) (2)
Amedeo Modigliani.
Amedeo Modigliani.

Piet Mondrian (1872-1944) (Netherlands/France/US)
Apple Tree in Bloom (1912) (2)
Broadway Boogie Woogie (1942-1943) (2)
Piet Mondrian (1899).
Piet Mondrian (1899).

Claude Monet (1840-1926) (France)
Impression, Sunrise (1873) (4)
Wild Poppies Near Argenteuil (1873) (2)
Water Lilies (1905) (2)
Water Lilies (1919) (2)
Water Lilies (1918-1926) (5)
Claude Monet, photographed by Nadar (1899).
Claude Monet, photographed by Nadar (1899).

Gustave Moreau (1826-1898) (France)
Orpheus (Thracian Girl Carrying the Head of Orpheus) (1865) (3)
The Apparition (1876) (3)
Self-Portrait of Gustave Moreau (1850).
Self-Portrait of Gustave Moreau (1850).

Berthe Morisot (1841-1895) (France)
The Cradle (1872) (2)
Portrait of Berthe Morisot by Edouard Manet (1872).
Portrait of Berthe Morisot by Edouard Manet (1872).

Robert Motherwell (1915-1991) (US)
Elegies for the Spanish Republic (1948-1967) (series) (2)
Robert Motherwell. (Peter A. Juley & Son Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum J0005260.)
Robert Motherwell. (Peter A. Juley & Son Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum J0005260.)

Edvard Munch (1863-1944) (Norway)
The Scream (1893) (8)
Ashes (1894) (2)
The Madonna (1894) (2)
Portrait of Edvard Munch by Anders Beer Wilse (1921).
Portrait of Edvard Munch by Anders Beer Wilse (1921).

Myron (5th Century BCE) (Greece)
The Discus Thrower (Discobulus) (460-450 BCE) marble copy (S) (5)

N

Niccolo dell’Arca (c. 1435-1494) (Italy)
Lamentation over the Dead Christ (c. 1460-1463) (S) (3)

Nicholas of Verdun (1130-1205) (France)
Verdun Altar (Klosterneuberg Altarpiece) (1181) (2)

Ni Zan
(1301-1374) (China)
The Rongxi Studio (1372) (2)
Portrait of Ni Zan by Qui Ying (1542).
Portrait of Ni Zan by Qui Ying (1542).

Emil Nolde (1867-1956) (Germany)
The Prophet (1912) (2)
Head with Pipe, self-portrait of Emil Nolde (1907).
Head with Pipe, self-portrait of Emil Nolde (1907).

O

Claes Oldenburg (1929- ) (US)
Floor Burger (1962) (S) (3)
Claes Oldenburg (2012).
Claes Oldenburg (2012).

P

Michael Pacher (c. 1435-1498) (Austria)
St. Wolfgang Altarpiece (1471-1481) (S) (3)
Altarpiece of the Church Fathers (1484) (3)

Parmigianino (Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola) (1503-1540) (Italy)
Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror (1524) (2)
The Conversion of Paul (1527-1528) (2)
Madonna of the Long Neck (1535) (4)
Self-Portrait of Parmigianino (1540).
Self-Portrait of Parmigianino (1540).

Pietro Perugino (c. 1446-1523) (Italy)
Delivery of the Keys (Christ Handing the Keys to St. Peter) (1481-1482) (2)
Self-Portrait of Pietro Perugino (1497-1500).
Self-Portrait of Pietro Perugino (1497-1500).

Phidias (c. 480-430 BCE) (Greece)
Athena Parthenos (c. 447-440 BCE) (S) (2)
Parthenon Frieze (c. 443-438 BCE) (S) (3)
Phidias.
Phidias.

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) (Spain/France)
Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907) (12)
Guernica (1937) (9)
Pablo Picasso.
Pablo Picasso.

Piero della Francesca (c. 1415-1492) (Italy)
The Baptism of Christ (c. 1448-1450) (4)
The Flagellation of Christ (1455-1460) (4)
Misericordia Altarpiece (1460-1462) (2)
The Resurrection of Christ (c. 1463-1465) (7)
The Legend of the True Cross (1458-1466) (2)
Portraits of Frederico da Montefeltro and Battista Sforza
 (1465-1472) (2)
The Brera Madonna (1472-1474) (2)
Self-Portrait of Piero della Francesca in The Resurrection (1463).
Self-Portrait of Piero della Francesca in The Resurrection of Christ (1463).

Jean-Baptiste Pigalle (1714-1785) (France)
Mercury Attaching His Wings (Mercury Tying His Sandal) (1753) (S) (2)
Voltaire (1776) (S) (2)
Portrait of Jean-Baptiste Pigalle by Marie-Suzanne Roslin (1770).
Portrait of Jean-Baptiste Pigalle by Marie-Suzanne Roslin (1770).

Nicola Pisano (c. 1220-1284) (Italy)
Pulpit, Pisa Baptistery (1255-1260) (S) (3)
Statue of Nicola Pisano.
Statue of Nicola Pisano.

Robert Poinçon (fl. late 13th Century) (France)
Apocalypse Tapestry (1377-1382) (3)

Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) (US)
Number 1, 1950 (Lavender Mist) (1950) (2)
One: Number 31, 1950 (1950) (2)
No. 32 (1950) (2)
Blue Poles (No. 11, 1952) (1952) (3)
Jackson Pollock, photographed by Hans Namuth (1950).
Jackson Pollock, photographed by Hans Namuth (1950).

Polydorus (1st Century BCE) (Greece)
Laocoön and His Sons (c. 42-19 BCE) (S) (5)

Jacopo Pontormo (1494-1557) (Italy)
The Deposition of Christ (1525-1528) (3)

Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665) (France/Italy)
Landscape with the Ashes of Phocion (The Ashes of Phocion Collected by His Widow) (1648) (2)
Self-Portrait of Nicolas Poussin (1650).
Self-Portrait of Nicolas Poussin (1650).

Praxiteles (4th Century BCE) (Greece)
Hermes and the Infant Dionysus (c. 350-330 BCE) Roman marble copy (S) (2)
Aphrodite of Knidos (350-330 BCE) Roman marble copy (S) (2)

Pierre Puget (1620-1694) (France)
Milo of Croton Attacked by a Lion (1671-1682) (S) (2)
Self-Portrait of Pierre Puget.
Self-Portrait of Pierre Puget.

Q

Jacopo della Quercia (c. 1374-1438) (Italy)
Fonte Gaia (1414-1419) (S) (2)
Porta Magna, San Petronio Church (1425-1434) (S) (2)
Jacopo della Quercia (1568).
Jacopo della Quercia (1568).

R

Henry Raeburn (1756-1823) (UK: Scotland)
The Skating Minister (1784) (3) (attribution in question)
Self-Portrait of Henry Raeburn (1720).
Self-Portrait of Henry Raeburn (1720).

Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino) (1483-1520) (Italy)
Madonna of the Meadow (1505-1506) (2)
The School of Athens (1510-1511) (6)
The Sistine Madonna (1512-1514) (3)
Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione (1514-1515) (2)
The Transfiguration (1516-1520) (2)
Self-Portrait of Raphael (1506).
Self-Portrait of Raphael (1506).

Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008) (US)
Bed (1955) (S/P) (3)
Monogram (1959) (S/P) (2)
Robert Rauschenberg (1999).
Robert Rauschenberg (1999).

Odilon Redon (1840-1916) (France)
Cyclops (c. 1898) (2)
Self-Portrait of Odilon Redon (1880).
Self-Portrait of Odilon Redon (1880).

Rembrandt (Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn) (1606-1669) (Netherlands)
The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632) (2)
The Night Watch (1642) (4)
Aristotle with a Bust of Homer (1653-1654) (4)
Jacob Blessing the Children of Joseph (1656) (2)
The Betrayal of Peter (1660) (2)
The Syndics of the Cloth-Makers Guild (1662) (2)
The Jewish Bride (c. 1662-1667) (6)
The Return of the Prodigal Son (1661-1669) (3)
Self-Portrait with Beret and Turned-Up Collar, by Rembrandt van Rijn (1659).
Self-Portrait with Beret and Turned-Up Collar, by Rembrandt van Rijn (1659).

Ren Xiong (1823-1857) (China)
Self-Portrait (1856) (2)

Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919) (France)
Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette (1876) (3)
Luncheon of the Boating Party (1880-1881) (6)
Self-Portrait of Pierre-Auguste Renoir (c. 1875).
Self-Portrait of Pierre-Auguste Renoir (c. 1875).

Ilya Repin (1844-1930) (Ukraine, Russia)
Barge Haulers on the Volga (1870-1873) (3)
Self-Portrait of Ilya Repin (1878).
Self-Portrait of Ilya Repin (1878).

Jusepe de Ribera (1591-1652) (Spain)
Boy with a Club Foot (The Clubfoot) (1642) (2)
Jusepe de Ribera.
Jusepe de Ribera.

Tilman Riemenschneider (c. 1460-1531) (Germany)
Altar of the Holy Blood (1499-1505) (S) (2)
Hergottskirche Altarpiece (1505-1508) (S) (2)
Probable self-portrait of Tilman Riemenschnieder from Herrgottskirche Altarpiece (1510).
Probable self-portrait of Tilman Riemenschnieder from Herrgottskirche Altarpiece (1510).

Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659-1743) (Spain/France)
Portrait of Louis XIV (1701) (3)
Self-Portrait in a Turban, by Hyacinthe Rigaud (1698).
Self-Portrait in a Turban, by Hyacinthe Rigaud (1698).

Bridget Riley (1931- ) (UK)
Fall (1963) (2)
Bridget Riley.
Bridget Riley.

Auguste Rodin (1840-1917) (France)
The Thinker (1881) (S) (4)
The Burghers of Calais (1884-1889) (S) (4)
The Kiss (1889) (S) (5)
The Gates of Hell (1880-1917) (S) (3)
Auguste Rodin.
Auguste Rodin.

Georges Rouault (1871-1958) (France)
The Old King (1937) (2)
Self-Portrait of Georges Rouault (c. 1944).
Self-Portrait of Georges Rouault (c. 1944).

Henri Rousseau (1844-1910) (France)
The Sleeping Gypsy (1897) (2)
The Dream (1910) (3)
Self-Portrait from L'ile St. Louis, by Henri Rousseau (1890).
Self-Portrait from L’ile St. Louis, by Henri Rousseau (1890).

Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640) (Germany/Belgium)
Descent from the Cross (1611-1614) (4)
Rape of the Daughters of Leuccipus (1618) (3)
The Horrors of War (Consequences of War) (c. 1637) (4)
Self-Portrait by Peter Paul Rubens (1623).
Self-Portrait by Peter Paul Rubens (1623).

Andrei Rublev (c. 1360-1430) (Russia)
The Holy Trinity Icon (1408-1425) (4)
Possible self-portrait of Andrei Rublev (c. 1390-1427).
Possible self-portrait of Andrei Rublev (c. 1390-1427).

Jacob van Ruisdael (1628-1682) (The Netherlands)
The Jewish Cemetery (1654-1660) (3)
Relief sculpture of Jacob van Ruisdael at the Hamburg Museum.
Relief sculpture of Jacob van Ruisdael at the Hamburg Museum.

Philipp Otto Runge (1777-1810) (Germany)
The Hülsenbeck Children (1805–1806) (2)
Self-Portrait of Philippe Otto Runge (1802-1803).
Self-Portrait of Philippe Otto Runge (1802-1803).

S

Pieter Jansz. Saenredam (1597-1665) (Netherlands)
Interior of Grote Kerk in Haarlem (1648) (3)
Portrait of Pieter Saenredam by Jacob van Campen (1628).
Portrait of Pieter Saenredam by Jacob van Campen (1628).

John Singer Sargent (1856-1925) (US)
The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit (1882) (4)
Self-Portrait of John Singer Sargent (1906).
Self-Portrait of John Singer Sargent (1906).

Andrea del Sarto (1486-1530) (Italy)
Madonna of the Harpies (1515-1517) (2)
Self-Portrait of Andrea del Sarto.
Self-Portrait of Andrea del Sarto.

Egon Schiele (1890-1918) (Austria)
Mother with Two Children (1915–1917) (2)
The Embrace (1917) (3)
Self-Portrait of Egon Schiele (1912).
Self-Portrait of Egon Schiele (1912).

Scopas of Paros (395-c. 350 BCE) (Greece)
Amazon Frieze, Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (c. 357-350 BCE) (S) (2)

Richard Serra (1939- ) (US)
Tilted Arc (1981) (S) (2)
The Matter of Time (2004) (S) (2)
Richard Serra.
Richard Serra.

Georges Seurat (1859-1891) (France)
A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (1886) (7)
The Models (1886-1888) (2)
Circus Sideshow (The Parade) (1888) (2)
The Circus (1891) (2)
Georges Seurat (1888).
Georges Seurat (1888).

Walter Richard Sickert (1860-1942) (Germany/UK)
Mornington Crescent Nude (1908) (2)
Walter Richard Sickert, photographed by George Charles Beresford (1911).
Walter Richard Sickert, photographed by George Charles Beresford (1911).

Claus Sluter (c. 1340-1406) (Netherlands/France)
The Well of Moses (1395-1405) (S) (3)
Mourners, Tomb of Philip the Bold (c. 1395-1410) (S) (2)

Robert Smithson (1938-1973) (US)
Spiral Jetty (1970) (S) (6)
Robert Smithson, photographed by Gianfranco Gorgoni (1970).
Robert Smithson, photographed by Gianfranco Gorgoni (1970).

Veit Stoss (c. 1449-1533) (Germany)
St. Mary’s Altarpiece (1477-1489) (S) (2)
Veit Stoss.
Veit Stoss.

T

Antoni Tapies (1923-2012) (Spain)
White and Orange (1967) (2)
Antoni Tapies.
Antoni Tapies.

El Greco (Doménikos Theotokópoulos) (1541-1614) (Greece/Spain)
The Burial of Count Orgaz (1586) (11)
The Agony in the Garden (1590-1595) (2)
View of Toledo (1596-1599) (2)
Laocoön (1610) (2)
The Opening of the Fifth Seal of the Apocalypse (1608-1614) (2)
The Adoration of the Shepherds (1612-1614) (2)
Portrait of a Man, by El Greco, believed to be self-portrait (1595-1600).
Portrait of a Man, by El Greco, believed to be self-portrait (1595-1600).

Thutmose (fl. 1350 BCE) (Egypt)
Bust of Queen Nefertiti (1345 BCE) (S) (7)

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (1696-1770) (Italy)
Würzburg Residence Frescoes (1750-1753) (6)
Abraham and the Three Angels (c. 1770) (2)
Self-Portrait of Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (left) and his son, from the Wurzburg Residence Frescoes (
Self-Portrait of Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (left) and his son, from the Wurzburg Residence Frescoes (1750-1753).

Timotheus (fl. 380-350, d. 340 BCE) (Greece)
Amazon Frieze, Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (c. 357-350 BCE) (S) (2)

Tintoretto (Jacopo Comin) (1518-1594) (Italy)
The Crucifixion (1565) (4)
The Last Supper (1592-1594) (3)
Self-Portrait of Jacopo Tintoretto (1588).
Self-Portrait of Tintoretto (1588).

Titian (Tiziano Vecelli) (c. 1488-1576) (Italy)
The Pastoral Concert (c. 1508-1510)
Bacchus and Ariadne (1520-1523) (2)
Pesaro Madonna (1519-1526) (2)
Venus of Urbino (1538) (4)
Danaë with Eros (1544) (2)
The Rape of Europa (1559-1562) (2)
Self-Portrait of Titian (c. 1567).
Self-Portrait of Titian (c. 1567).

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901) (France)
At the Moulin Rouge (1892) (2)
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.

Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851) (UK)
Ulysses Deriding Polyphemus (1829) (2)
The Burning of the Houses of Parliament (1834–1835) (2)
The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to Her Last Berth to Be Broken Up (1839) (2)
Snow Storm: Steamboat off a Harbour’s Mouth (1842) (3)
Rain, Steam and Speed – The Great Western Railway (1844) (4)
Self-Portrait of J.M.W. Turner (c. 1799).
Self-Portrait of J.M.W. Turner (c. 1799).

U

Paolo Uccello (1397-1475) (Italy)
The Battle of San Romano I, II, III (c. 1438-1455) (4)
The Hunt in the Forest (c. 1470) (3)
St. George and the Dragon (c. 1470) (2)
Portrait of Paolo Uccello by unknown artist.
Portrait of Paolo Uccello by an unknown artist.

Kitagawa Utamaro (1753-1806) (Japan)
Poem of the Pillow (1788) (2)

V

Hugo van der Goes (c. 1430-1482) (Flanders)
The Portinari Altarpiece (c. 1475) (6)

Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) (Netherlands/France)
Café Terrace at Night, Arles (1888) (2)
Sunflowers (1888) (2)
The Starry Night (1889) (9)
Self-Portrait (1889) (2)
Wheat Field with Crows (1890) (2)
Self-Portrait with Straw Hat, by Vincent Van Gogh (1887-1888).
Self-Portrait with Straw Hat, by Vincent Van Gogh (1887-1888).

Diego Velázquez (1599-1660) (Spain)
The Surrender of Breda (1634) (3)
Portrait of Pope Innocent X (1650) (4)
Las Meninas (1656) (11)
Self-Portrait of Diego Velazquez (1643).
Self-Portrait of Diego Velazquez (1643).

Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675) (Netherlands)
The Milkmaid (1660) (4)
View of Delft (1660-61) (5)
Girl with a Pearl Earring (1665) (5)
The Art of Painting (The Artist in His Studio) (1670) (5)
Possible self-portrait of Jan Vermeer, from The Procuress (1656).
Possible self-portrait of Jan Vermeer, from The Procuress (1656).

Paolo Veronese (1528-1588) (Italy)
The Wedding at Cana (1562–1563) (6)
Self-Portrait of Paolo Veronese (c. 1558-1563).
Self-Portrait of Paolo Veronese (c. 1558-1563).

W

Andy Warhol (1928-1987) (US)
Campbell’s Soup Cans (1962) (3)
Marilyn Diptych (1962) (3)
Andy Warhol.
Andy Warhol.

Antoine Watteau (1684-1721) (France)
The Embarcation for Cythera (Voyage to Cythera) (1717-1718) (6)
Pierrot, formerly known as Gilles (1718-1719) (5)
Portrait of Antoine Watteau by Rosalba Carriera (1721).
Portrait of Antoine Watteau by Rosalba Carriera (1721).

Benjamin West (1738-1820) (Colonial America/UK)
The Death of General Wolfe (1770) (3)
Self-Portrait of Benjamin West (1770).
Self-Portrait of Benjamin West (1770).

Rogier van der Weyden (1399-1464) (Flanders)
Descent from the Cross (c. 1435) (6)
Portrait of Rogier van der Weyden by Cornelis Cort (1572).
Portrait of Rogier van der Weyden by Cornelis Cort (1572).

James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) (US/UK)
Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket (1877) (4)
Arrangement in Gray: Portrait of the Painter, self-portrait of James McNeill Whistler (c. 1872).
Arrangement in Gray: Portrait of the Painter, a self-portrait of James McNeill Whistler (c. 1872).

Konrad Witz (c. 1400-1446) (Germany, Switzerland) 
The Miraculous Draught of Fishes (1444) (2)

Grant Wood (1891-1942) (US)
American Gothic (1930) (9)
Self-Portrait of Grant Wood (c. 1932).
Self-Portrait of Grant Wood (c. 1932).

Joseph Wright of Derby (1734-1797) (UK)
An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump (1767–1768) (6)
Self-Portrait of Joseph Wright of Derby (c. 1780).
Self-Portrait of Joseph Wright of Derby (c. 1780).

Andrew Wyeth (1917-2009) (US)
Christina’s World (1948) (2)
Self-Portrait of Andrew Wyeth (1945).
Self-Portrait of Andrew Wyeth (1945).

Y

Yan Liben (c. 600-673) (China)
The Thirteen Emperors Scroll (c. 650-699) (2)

Z

Ossip Zadkine (1890-1967) (Belarus/France)
The Destroyed City (1953) (S) (2)
Ossip Zadkine (1962).
Ossip Zadkine (1962).

Francisco de Zurbarán (1598-1664) (Spain)
Still Life with Lemons, Oranges and a Rose (1633) (2)
Probable self-portrait of Francisco de Zurbaran in Saint Luke as a Painter before Christ on the Cross (1635-1640).
Probable self-portrait of Francisco de Zurbaran in St. Luke as a Painter before Christ on the Cross (1635-1640).

To see a list of Best Visual Artists organized chronologically by date of birth, go here.
For a list of Contemporary Artists and their best work, go here.

To see the art, not just the artists, try one of these pages:
Best Works of Art of All Time – The Critics’ Picks (Part 1)
Best Works of Art of All Time – The Critics’ Picks (Part 2)
Art History 101: Part I (Prehistoric Era – 1399 CE)
Art History 101: Part IIA (1400-1499)
Art History 101: Part IIB (1500-1599)
Art History 101: Part III (1600-1799)
Art History 101: Part IV (1800-1899)
Art History 101: Part V (1900-Present)

2 thoughts on “Great Artists and Their Masterpieces

  1. Pingback: The Artists Show Their Faces: A New List of Painters and Sculptors | Make Lists, Not War

  2. Pingback: Authors and Auteurs: The Individual As Creative Force | Make Lists, Not War

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