The Birds

Birds I’ve Seen in the Wild

Common Name Scientific Name  Seen? Date of first sighting Location of first sighting
Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula      
Mountain Quail Oreortyx pictus      
Scaled Quail Callipepla squamata      
California Quail Callipepla californica X 8/94 Point Reyes, CA
Gambel’s Quail Callipepla gambelii      
Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus X    
Montezuma Quail Cyrtonyx montezumae      
Wild Turkey (i) Meleagris gallopavo X    
Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus      
Spruce Grouse Falcipennis canadensis      
Sage Grouse Centrocercus urophasianus      
Gunnison Grouse Centrocercus minimus      
Dusky Grouse Dendragapus obscurus      
Sooty Grouse Dendragapus fuliginosus      
Sharp-tailed Grouse Tympanuchus phasianellus      
Lesser Prairie Chicken Tympanuchus pallidicinctus      
Greater Prairie Chicken Tympanuchus cupido      
White-tailed Ptarmigan Lagopus leucura      
Willow Ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus      
Himalayan Snowcock (i) Tetraogallus himalayensis      
Chukar Partridge (i) Alectoris chukar      
Black Francolin (i) Francolinus francolinus      
Grey Partridge (i) Perdix perdix      
Common Pheasant (i) Phasianus colchicus X    
Black-bellied Whistling Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis      
Fulvous Whistling Duck Dendrocygna bicolor      
Taiga Bean Goose Anser fabalis      
Tundra Bean Goose Anser serrirostris      
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus      
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons      
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus      
Snow Goose Chen caerulescens X 9-10/89  Southern NJ 
Ross’s Goose Chen rossii      
Emperor Goose Chen canagica      
Canada Goose Branta canadensis X 1960s NJ 
Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii      
Brant Goose Branta bernicla X 3/31/90  Boston Harbor, MA
Barnacle Goose (e?) Branta leucopsis      
Mute Swan (i) Cygnus olor X    
Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinator X    
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus      
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus      
Egyptian Goose (e) Alopochen aegyptiaca      
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata      
Wood Duck Aix sponsa X    
Gadwall Anas strepera X 1989?  Newburyport, MA
Falcated Duck Anas falcata      
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope      
American Wigeon Anas americana X 9-10/89  Southern NJ
American Black Duck Anas rubripes X 3/31/90 Eastern MA
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos X 1960s Ridgewood, NY
Mottled Duck Anas fulvigula      
Eastern Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha      
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors X 5/24/91 Plum Island, MA
Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera      
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata X 9-10/89  Southern NJ 
White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis      
Northern Pintail Anas acuta X    
Garganey Anas querquedula      
Baikal Teal Anas formosa      
Eurasian Teal Anas crecca      
Green-winged Teal Anas carolinensis X  1990s Newburyport, MA
Canvasback Aythya valisineria      
Redhead Aythya americana X 2/4/17 Charles River, Waltham, MA
Common Pochard Aythya ferina      
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris 2/4/17 Charles River, Waltham, MA
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula      
Greater Scaup Aythya marila X 3/31/90  Boston Harbor, MA 
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis
Steller’s Eider Polysticta stelleri      
Spectacled Eider Somateria fischeri      
King Eider Somateria spectabilis
Common Eider Somateria mollissima X 3/31/90  Boston Harbor, MA 
Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus X   Ocean City, NJ
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata 3/31/90  Boston Harbor, MA 
White-winged Scoter Melanitta deglandi X 3/31/90  Boston Harbor, MA
Black Scoter Melanitta americana X?    
Long-tailed Duck (formerly Oldsquaw) Clangula hyemalis X    
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola X 3/31/90  Boston Harbor, MA
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula X 3/31/90  Boston Harbor, MA
Barrow’s Goldeneye Bucephala islandica      
Smew Mergellus albellus      
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus X    
Common Merganser Mergus merganser X    
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator X 3/31/90  Boston Harbor, MA 
Masked Duck Nomonyx dominicus      
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis      
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata      
Black-throated Loon Gavia arctica      
Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica      
Great Northern Loon (formerly Common Loon) Gavia immer X    
Yellow-billed Loon Gavia adamsii      
Laysan Albatross Phoebastria immutabilis      
Black-footed Albatross Phoebastria nigripes      
Short-tailed Albatross Phoebastria albatrus      
Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans      
Light-mantled Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata      
Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris      
Shy Albatross Thalassarche cauta      
Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos      
Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis      
Great-winged Petrel Pterodroma macroptera      
Murphy’s Petrel Pterodroma ultima      
Fea’s Petrel Pterodroma feae      
Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow      
Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata      
Trindade Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana      
Galapagos Petrel Pterodroma phaeopygia      
Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectata      
Cook’s Petrel Pterodroma cookii      
Stejneger’s Petrel Pterodroma longirostris      
White-chinned Petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis      
Black Petrel Procellaria parkinsoni      
Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas      
Cory’s Shearwater Calonectris borealis      
Cape Verde Shearwater Calonectris edwardsii      
Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus      
Buller’s Shearwater Puffinus bulleri      
Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus      
Short-tailed Shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris      
Pink-footed Shearwater Puffinus creatopus      
Flesh-footed Shearwater Puffinus carneipes      
Great Shearwater Puffinus gravis      
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus      
Black-vented Shearwater Puffinus opisthomelas      
Townsend’s Shearwater Puffinus auricularis      
Audubon’s Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri      
Little Shearwater Puffinus assimilis      
Bulwer’s Petrel Bulweria bulwerii      
Wilson’s Storm Petrel Oceanites oceanicus X   Atlantic Ocean, off eastern MA 
White-faced Storm Petrel Pelagodroma marina      
Black-bellied Storm Petrel Fregetta tropica      
European Storm Petrel Hydrobates pelagicus      
Least Storm Petrel Oceanodroma microsoma      
Wedge-rumped Storm Petrel Oceanodroma tethys      
Band-rumped Storm Petrel Oceanodroma castro      
Swinhoe’s Storm Petrel Oceanodroma monorhis      
Leach’s Storm Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa      
Tristram’s Storm Petrel Oceanodroma tristrami      
Black Storm Petrel Oceanodroma melania      
Ashy Storm Petrel Oceanodroma homochroa      
Hornby’s Storm Petrel Oceanodroma hornbyi      
Fork-tailed Storm Petrel Oceanodroma furcata      
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps X    
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena      
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus X 3/2/93  Plum Island, MA
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis      
Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis      
Clark’s Grebe Aechmophorus clarkii      
American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber      
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus      
Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda      
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus      
Wood Stork Mycteria americana      
Jabiru Jabiru mycteria      
American White Ibis Eudocimus albus X 6/90  Outer Banks, NC
Scarlet Ibis Eudocimus ruber      
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus X   Southern NJ 
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi      
Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja      
Bare-throated Tiger Heron Tigrisoma mexicanum      
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus      
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis      
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis      
Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax X 5/13/89  Fenway, MA 
Yellow-crowned Night Heron Nyctanassa violacea X    
Green Heron Butorides virescens X 5/13/89  Fenway, MA 
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus      
Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis      
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea      
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias X    
Great Egret Ardea alba X    
Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia      
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens      
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor X 9-10/89  Southern NJ 
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea X 9-10/89  Southern NJ 
Snowy Egret Egretta thula X 6/24/89  Plum Island, MA
Little Egret Egretta garzetta X    
Western Reef Heron Egretta gularis      
Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes      
American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos      
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis X 1983  Marin County, CA 
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens      
Great Frigatebird Fregata minor      
Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel      
Northern Gannet Morus bassanus X 3/31/90  Boston Harbor, MA 
Blue-footed Booby Sula nebouxii      
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra      
Red-footed Booby Sula sula      
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster      
Brandt’s Cormorant Phalacrocorax penicillatus      
Pelagic Cormorant Phalacrocorax pelagicus      
Red-faced Cormorant Phalacrocorax urile      
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus      
Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus X    
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo X 3/31/90  Boston Harbor, MA
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga      
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura X    
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus X?    
California Condor Gymnogyps californianus X 2007 Grand Canyon, AZ
Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 9-10/89  Cape May, NJ 
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus X 8/94 Point Reyes, CA
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus      
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus      
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos      
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus X 9-10/89  Cape May, NJ 
Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii X 9-10/89  Cape May, NJ 
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis      
Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius X 9-10/89 Cape May, NJ
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla      
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus X 3/2/93  Salisbury, MA 
Steller’s Sea Eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus      
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis      
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis      
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens      
Common Black Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus      
Roadside Hawk Rupornis magnirostris      
Harris’s Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus      
White-tailed Hawk Geranoaetus albicaudatus      
Grey Hawk Buteo plagiatus      
Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus      
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus      
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus      
Swainson’s Hawk Buteo swainsoni      
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus      
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis X    
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis      
Rough-legged Buzzard (formerly Rough-legged Hawk) Buteo lagopus    
Northern Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway      
Collared Forest Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus      
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus      
American Kestrel Falco sparverius X   Marshfield, MA
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus      
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis      
Merlin Falco columbarius X 9-10/89 Cape May, NJ
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo      
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus      
Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus      
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus X 9-10/89  Cape May, NJ 
Sungrebe Heliornis fulica      
Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis      
Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis      
Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris      
King Rail Rallus elegans      
Virginia Rail Rallus limicola X 1990s  Virginia Beach, VA 
Corn Crake Crex crex      
Sora Porzana carolina      
Paint-billed Crake Neocrex erythrops      
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus      
Azure Gallinule Porphyrio flavirostris      
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus X 9-10/89  Cape May, NJ 
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra      
American Coot Fulica americana X 9-10/89 Cape May, NJ
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis      
Sarus Crane (i) Grus antigone      
Whooping Crane Grus americana      
Common Crane Grus grus      
Hooded Crane (e?) Grus monacha      
Limpkin Aramus guarauna      
Double-striped Thick-knee Burhinus bistriatus      
Black Oystercatcher Haematopus bachmani X 8/94  Point Reyes, CA 
American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus X 6/90  Outer Banks, NC
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus      
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus      
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus X 6/90  Outer Banks, NC
American Avocet Recurvirostra americana X    
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus      
European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria      
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva      
American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica      
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola      
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula      
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus X    
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius      
Wilson’s Plover Charadrius wilsonia      
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus X    
Piping Plover Charadrius melodus X 8/26/91  Ocean City, NJ 
Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus      
Collared Plover Charadrius collaris      
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus      
Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii      
Eurasian Dotterel Charadrius morinellus      
Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus      
Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa      
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola      
American Woodcock Scolopax minor X 5/24/91  Plum Island, MA 
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus      
Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria      
Pin-tailed Snipe Gallinago stenura      
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago      
Wilson’s Snipe Gallinago delicata      
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus X 8/27/91  Brigantine, NJ 
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus X?    
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa      
Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica    
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica      
Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa      
Little Curlew Numenius minutus      
Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis      
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus X 9-10/89  Southern NJ 
Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis      
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris      
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata 10/99 Ireland
Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis      
Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus      
Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda      
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus      
Common Redshank Tringa totanus X 10/99 Ireland
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis      
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia      
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca X 9-10/89  Southern NJ 
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes X    
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus      
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria X    
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola      
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes      
Wandering Tattler Tringa incana      
Willet Tringa semipalmata X 6/24/89  Plum Island, MA 
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus      
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos      
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius X    
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres X 6/90  Outer Banks, NC 
Black Turnstone Arenaria melanocephala      
Surfbird Aphriza virgata      
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris      
Red Knot Calidris canutus 8/26/91  Ocean City, NJ 
Sanderling Calidris alba X   Ocean City, NJ 
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla X    
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri      
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis      
Little Stint Calidris minuta      
Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii      
Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta      
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla      
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis      
Baird’s Sandpiper Calidris bairdii      
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos      
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata      
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea      
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima      
Rock Sandpiper Calidris ptilocnemis      
Dunlin Calidris alpina 5/93(?)  Southern NJ
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus      
Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus      
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus      
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis      
Ruff Philomachus pugnax      
Wilson’s Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor 6/16/96  Plum Island, MA
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus      
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius      
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum      
Rock Pratincole Glareola nuchalis      
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus      
Black Noddy Anous minutus      
Black Skimmer Rynchops niger X 7/4/89  Plum Island, MA
Swallow-tailed Gull Creagrus furcatus      
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla      
Red-legged Kittiwake Rissa brevirostris      
Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea      
Sabine’s Gull Xema sabini      
Bonaparte’s Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia      
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus X 10/99 Ireland
Grey-headed Gull Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus      
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus      
Ross’s Gull Rhodostethia rosea      
Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla X   Ocean City, NJ 
Franklin’s Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan      
Belcher’s Gull Larus belcheri      
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris      
Heermann’s Gull Larus heermanni 1/00 near SF, CA
Common Gull (Mew Gull) Larus canus X 10/99 Ireland
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis X    
California Gull Larus californicus      
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus X    
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus      
Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens      
Western Gull Larus occidentalis 1/00  S.F., CA 
Yellow-footed Gull Larus livens      
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus      
Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides      
Thayer’s Gull Larus thayeri      
American Herring Gull Larus smithsonianus X    
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis      
Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus      
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus      
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica 6/90  Outer Banks, NC 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia X 8/27/91  Brigantine, NJ 
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus X 1990s  Virginia Beach, VA
Elegant Tern Thalasseus elegans      
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis      
Least Tern Sternula antillarum X 5/24/91  Plum Island, MA 
Aleutian Tern Onychoprion aleuticus      
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus      
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus      
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii      
Common Tern Sterna hirundo X   Newburyport, MA 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea      
Forster’s Tern Sterna forsteri 8/27/91  Brigantine, NJ
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida      
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus      
Black Tern Chlidonias niger X    
Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex      
South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki      
Great Skua Stercorarius skua      
Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus      
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus      
Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus      
Little Auk Alle alle      
Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia      
Common Murre Uria aalge      
Razorbill Alca torda      
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle      
Pigeon Guillemot Cepphus columba      
Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus      
Long-billed Murrelet Brachyramphus perdix      
Kittlitz’s Murrelet Brachyramphus brevirostris      
Guadalupe Murrelet Synthliboramphus hypoleucus      
Craveri’s Murrelet Synthliboramphus craveri      
Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquus      
Cassin’s Auklet Ptychoramphus aleuticus      
Parakeet Auklet Aethia psittacula      
Least Auklet Aethia pusilla      
Whiskered Auklet Aethia pygmaea      
Crested Auklet Aethia cristatella      
Rhinoceros Auklet Cerorhinca monocerata      
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica      
Horned Puffin Fratercula corniculata      
Tufted Puffin Fratercula cirrhata      
Rock Dove (i) Columba livia feral X 1960s  
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala      
Scaly-naped Pigeon Patagioenas squamosa      
Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata 1/00  near SF, CA
Red-billed Pigeon Patagioenas flavirostris      
European Turtle Dove (e) Streptopelia turtur      
Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis      
Eurasian Collared Dove (e?) Streptopelia decaocto 10/99 Ireland
African Collared Dove (e) Streptopelia risoria      
Spotted Dove (e) Spilopelia chinensis      
Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura X    
Zenaida Dove Zenaida aurita X? 2/12 Puerto Rico
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica X 2007 AZ
Inca Dove Columbina inca      
Common Ground Dove Columbina passerina X    
Ruddy Ground Dove Columbina talpacoti      
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi      
Key West Quail-Dove Geotrygon chrysia      
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana      
Budgerigar (e) Melopsittacus undulatus      
Rose-ringed Parakeet (e) Psittacula krameri      
Blossom-headed Parakeet (e) Psittacula roseata      
Thick-billed Parrot Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha      
Green Parakeet (e) Aratinga holochlora      
Hispaniolan Parakeet (e) Aratinga chloroptera      
Orange-fronted Parakeet (e) Aratinga canicularis      
Peach-fronted Parakeet (e) Aratinga aurea      
Nanday Parakeet (e) Nandayus nenday      
Monk Parakeet (e) Myiopsitta monachus      
White-winged Parakeet (e) Brotogeris versicolurus      
Red-crowned Amazon (e) Amazona viridigenalis      
Yellow-crowned Amazon (e) Amazona ochrocephala      
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani      
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris      
Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus      
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus      
Mangrove Cuckoo Coccyzus minor      
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus      
Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus optatus      
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus      
Western Barn Owl Tyto alba      
Oriental Scops Owl Otus sunia      
Flammulated Owl Psiloscops flammeolus      
Eastern Screech Owl Megascops asio X 5/4/91  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Western Screech Owl Megascops kennicottii      
Whiskered Screech Owl Megascops trichopsis      
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus      
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus X   Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Spotted Owl Strix occidentalis      
Northern Barred Owl Strix varia Winter 2015/2016 Prospect Hill Park, Waltham, MA
Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa      
Mottled Owl Strix virgata      
Northern Hawk-Owl Surnia ulula      
Northern Pygmy Owl Glaucidium californicum      
Ferruginous Pygmy Owl Glaucidium brasilianum      
Elf Owl Micrathene whitneyi      
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia      
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus      
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus      
Brown Hawk-Owl Ninox scutulata      
Northern Boobook Ninox japonica      
Stygian Owl Asio stygius      
Long-eared Owl Asio otus      
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus      
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis      
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor X   Great Meadow NWR, Sudbury, MA 
Antillean Nighthawk Chordeiles gundlachii      
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis      
Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii      
Chuck-will’s-widow Antrostomus carolinensis      
Buff-collared Nightjar Antrostomus ridgwayi      
Eastern Whip-poor-will Antrostomus vociferus      
Mexican Whip-poor-will Antrostomus arizonae      
Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka      
American Black Swift Cypseloides niger      
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris      
White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus      
Vaux’s Swift Chaetura vauxi      
Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica X 1989  Watertown, MA 
White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis      
Antillean Palm Swift Tachornis phoenicobia      
Common Swift Apus apus      
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus      
Green Violetear Colibri thalassinus      
Green-breasted Mango Anthracothorax prevostii      
Cuban Emerald Chlorostilbon ricordii      
Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris      
Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila      
Buff-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia yucatanensis      
Violet-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia violiceps      
Berylline Hummingbird Amazilia beryllina      
Blue-throated Mountaingem Lampornis clemenciae      
Xantus’s Hummingbird Basilinna xantusii      
White-eared Hummingbird Basilinna leucotis      
Magnificent Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens      
Plain-capped Starthroat Heliomaster constantii      
Bahama Woodstar Calliphlox evelynae      
Lucifer Sheartail Calothorax lucifer      
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris X 1960s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri      
Anna’s Hummingbird Calypte anna X 1/00 Portola Valley, CA 
Costa’s Hummingbird Calypte costae      
Bumblebee Hummingbird Atthis heloisa      
Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus      
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus      
Allen’s Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin      
Calliope Hummingbird Selasphorus calliope      
Eared Quetzal Euptilotis neoxenus      
Elegant Trogon Trogon elegans      
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana      
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona      
Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata      
Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon X    
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops      
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla      
Lewis’s Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis      
Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus      
Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus X 1/00 Portola Valley, CA 
Gila Woodpecker Melanerpes uropygialis X 4/07 Tucson, AZ 
Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons      
Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus X 1989-90  CT 
Williamson’s Sapsucker Sphyrapicus thyroideus      
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius      
Red-naped Sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis      
Red-breasted Sapsucker Sphyrapicus ruber      
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major      
Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris      
Nuttall’s Woodpecker Picoides nuttallii      
Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens X 1960s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus X (?)     
Arizona Woodpecker Picoides arizonae      
Strickland’s Woodpecker Picoides stricklandi      
Red-cockaded Woodpecker Picoides borealis      
White-headed Woodpecker Picoides albolarvatus      
American Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides dorsalis      
Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus      
Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus X 1989   
Gilded Flicker Colaptes chrysoides      
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus X   MA 
Ivory-billed Woodpecker (x?) Campephilus principalis      
Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata      
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica      
White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps      
Northern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe      
Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe X 1990s Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans X 1/00  near S.F., CA 
Say’s Phoebe Sayornis saya      
Northern Tufted Flycatcher Mitrephanes phaeocercus      
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi      
Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax      
Western Wood Pewee Contopus sordidulus      
Eastern Wood Pewee Contopus virens X   MA 
Cuban Pewee Contopus caribaeus      
Hispaniolan Pewee Contopus hispaniolensis      
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris      
Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens      
Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii      
Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum      
White-throated Flycatcher Empidonax albigularis      
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus      
Hammond’s Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii      
American Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri      
American Grey Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii      
Pine Flycatcher Empidonax affinis      
Pacific-slope Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis      
Cordilleran Flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis      
Buff-breasted Flycatcher Empidonax fulvifrons      
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus      
Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius      
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis      
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus      
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris      
Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius      
Crowned Slaty Flycatcher Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus      
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus      
Couch’s Kingbird Tyrannus couchii      
Cassin’s Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans      
Thick-billed Kingbird Tyrannus crassirostris      
Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis   CA
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus      
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana      
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus X    
Grey Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis X 2/12 Puerto Rico
Loggerhead Kingbird Tyrannus caudifasciatus      
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer      
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens      
Nutting’s Flycatcher Myiarchus nuttingi      
Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus X 1990  Cape Cod, MA 
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus      
La Sagra’s Flycatcher Myiarchus sagrae      
Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata      
Grey-collared Becard Pachyramphus major      
Rose-throated Becard Pachyramphus aglaiae      
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus      
Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus X    
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor      
White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus      
Thick-billed Vireo Vireo crassirostris      
Bell’s Vireo Vireo bellii      
Black-capped Vireo Vireo atricapilla      
Grey Vireo Vireo vicinior      
Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons      
Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus      
Cassin’s Vireo Vireo cassinii      
Blue-headed Vireo (formerly Solitary Vireo) Vireo solitarius X 4/27/91  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Hutton’s Vireo Vireo huttoni      
Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus X 5/14/92  Newton, MA  
Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus      
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus X 1990s  Jamaica Plain, MA
Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis      
Black-whiskered Vireo Vireo altiloquus      
Yucatan Vireo Vireo magister      
Grey Jay Perisoreus canadensis      
Green Jay Cyanocorax luxuosus      
Brown Jay Psilorhinus morio      
Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata X 1960s Ridgewood, NJ 
Steller’s Jay Cyanocitta stelleri X 1990s  CA 
Mexican Jay Aphelocoma wollweberi      
California Scrub Jay Aphelocoma californica X 1990s  Portola Valley, CA
Woodhouse’s Scrub Jay Aphelocoma woodhouseii      
Island Scrub Jay Aphelocoma insularis      
Florida Scrub Jay Aphelocoma coerulescens      
Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus      
Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia      
Yellow-billed Magpie Pica nuttalli X 1990s CA 
Clark’s Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana X 5/07 Grand Canyon, AZ 
Western Jackdaw Coloeus monedula 10/99  Ireland 
American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos X 1960s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Northwestern Crow Corvus caurinus      
Tamaulipas Crow Corvus imparatus      
Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus X    
Northern Raven Corvus corax X 1/00  near SF, CA 
Chihuahuan Raven Corvus cryptoleucus      
Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus      
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum X 5/25/89  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Grey Silky-flycatcher Ptilogonys cinereus      
Phainopepla Phainopepla nitens      
Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis      
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus X 1960s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Mountain Chickadee Poecile gambeli      
Mexican Chickadee Poecile sclateri      
Grey-headed Chickadee Poecile cinctus      
Boreal Chickadee Poecile hudsonicus      
Chestnut-backed Chickadee Poecile rufescens X 1990s  CA 
Great Tit Parus major 10/99  Ireland
Bridled Titmouse Baeolophus wollweberi X 4/07  AZ 
Oak Titmouse (formerly part of Plain Titmouse) Baeolophus inornatus 1/00  near SF, CA 
Juniper Titmouse Baeolophus ridgwayi      
Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor X 1960s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Black-crested Titmouse Baeolophus atricristatus      
Verdin Auriparus flaviceps      
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis      
Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris X   MA 
Red-whiskered Bulbul (e) Pycnonotus jocosus      
Sand Martin Riparia riparia      
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor X 1990s  Broadmoor, Natick, MA 
Mangrove Swallow Tachycineta albilinea      
Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina      
Bahama Swallow Tachycineta cyaneoviridis      
Purple Martin Progne subis X 1990s  Newburyport, MA 
Cuban Martin Progne cryptoleuca      
Grey-breasted Martin Progne chalybea      
Southern Martin Progne elegans      
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera      
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis      
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica X    
Common House Martin Delichon urbicum      
American Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota      
Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva      
Japanese Bush Warbler Horornis diphone      
American Bushtit Psaltriparus minimus      
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus      
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix      
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus      
Pallas’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus      
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus      
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis      
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus      
Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata      
Middendorff’s Grasshopper Warbler Locustella ochotensis      
Chinese Hwamei (e) Garrulax canorus      
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca      
Wrentit Chamaea fasciata      
Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa X 9-10/89  Cape May, NJ 
Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula X 9-10/89  Cape May, NJ 
Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus X 2007  AZ 
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus      
Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus      
Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis      
Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris X 6/4/97  Great Meadow NWR, Concord, MA 
Bewick’s Wren Thryomanes bewickii X 4/07  AZ 
Sinaloa Wren Thryophilus sinaloa      
Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus X 6/90  Outer Banks, NC 
Winter Wren Troglodytes hiemalis      
Pacific Wren Troglodytes pacificus      
House Wren Troglodytes aedon X   Bedford, MA 
Blue-grey Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea X 9-10/89  Cape May, NJ 
Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura      
California Gnatcatcher Polioptila californica      
Black-capped Gnatcatcher Polioptila nigriceps      
Pygmy Nuthatch Sitta pygmaea      
Brown-headed Nuthatch Sitta pusilla      
Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis X 9-10/89  Cape May, NJ 
White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis X 1960s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Brown Creeper Certhia americana X    
Grey Catbird Dumetella carolinensis X    
Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos X    
Bahama Mockingbird Mimus gundlachii      
Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus      
Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum 6/90  Outer Banks, NC 
Long-billed Thrasher Toxostoma longirostre      
Bendire’s Thrasher Toxostoma bendirei      
Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre      
California Thrasher Toxostoma redivivum X 1990s CA 
Crissal Thrasher Toxostoma crissale      
Le Conte’s Thrasher Toxostoma lecontei      
Blue Mockingbird Melanotis caerulescens      
Crested Myna (i) Acridotheres cristatellus      
Common Starling (i) Sturnus vulgaris X 1960s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius 1/00 near SF, CA
Aztec Thrush Ridgwayia pinicola      
Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis X 1990s  Broadmoor, Natick, MA 
Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana      
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides      
Townsend’s Solitaire Myadestes townsendi      
Brown-backed Solitaire Myadestes occidentalis      
Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus aurantiirostris      
Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus mexicanus      
Veery Catharus fuscescens X    
Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus X 1990s  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Bicknell’s Thrush Catharus bicknelli      
Swainson’s Thrush Catharus ustulatus X 5/19/91  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus X 9/3/89  Watertown, MA 
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina X 5/24/91  Plum Island, MA 
Common Blackbird Turdus merula      
Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus      
Dusky Thrush Turdus eunomus      
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris      
Redwing Turdus iliacus      
Clay-coloured Thrush Turdus grayi      
White-throated Thrush Turdus assimilis      
Rufous-backed Thrush Turdus rufopalliatus      
American Robin Turdus migratorius X 1960s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Red-legged Thrush Turdus plumbeus      
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica      
Siberian Rubythroat Luscinia calliope      
Siberian Blue Robin Luscinia cyane      
Rufous-tailed Robin Luscinia sibilans      
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus      
European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola      
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe      
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius      
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata      
Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta      
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica      
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris      
Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina      
Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki      
Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla      
American Dipper Cinclus mexicanus      
House Sparrow (i) Passer domesticus X 1960s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus      
African Silverbill (e) Euodice cantans      
Pin-tailed Whydah (e) Vidua macroura      
Olive Warbler Peucedramus taeniatus      
Siberian Accentor Prunella montanella      
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis      
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola      
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 10/99  Ireland
White Wagtail Motacilla alba      
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis      
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis      
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni      
Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi      
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus      
Buff-bellied Pipit Anthus rubescens      
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta      
Sprague’s Pipit Anthus spragueii      
Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs 10/99  Ireland 
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla      
Evening Grosbeak Hesperiphona vespertina      
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes      
Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator      
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula      
Grey-crowned Rosy Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis      
Black Rosy Finch Leucosticte atrata      
Brown-capped Rosy Finch Leucosticte australis      
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus      
Purple Finch Haemorhous purpureus 4/27/91  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Cassin’s Finch Haemorhous cassinii      
House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus X 1989  Watertown, MA 
Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea      
Arctic Redpoll Acanthis hornemanni      
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra      
Two-barred Crossbill Loxia leucoptera      
European Goldfinch (i) Carduelis carduelis      
Lawrence’s Goldfinch Spinus lawrencei      
American Goldfinch Spinus tristis X    
Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria      
Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus      
Pine Siskin Spinus pinus X 2001  Waltham, MA 
Black-headed Siskin Spinus notata      
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla X 9-10/89  Cape May, NJ 
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum      
Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla      
Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis X 1990s  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Bachman’s Warbler Vermivora bachmanii      
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera      
Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera      
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia X 9/9/89  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea      
Swainson’s Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii      
Crescent-chested Warbler Oreothlypis superciliosa      
Tennessee Warbler Leiothlypis peregrina      
Orange-crowned Warbler Leiothlypis celata      
Colima Warbler Leiothlypis crissalis      
Lucy’s Warbler Leiothlypis luciae      
Nashville Warbler Leiothlypis ruficapilla X   Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Virginia’s Warbler Leiothlypis virginiae      
Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis      
Grey-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis poliocephala      
MacGillivray’s Warbler Geothlypis tolmiei      
Mourning Warbler Geothlypis philadelphia      
Kentucky Warbler Geothlypis formosa      
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas X 1989  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Hooded Warbler Setophaga citrina      
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla X 5/19/91  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Kirtland’s Warbler Setophaga kirtlandii      
Cape May Warbler Setophaga tigrina X 9-10/89  Ocean City, NJ 
Cerulean Warbler Setophaga cerulea      
Northern Parula Setophaga americana X 4/28/90  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Tropical Parula Setophaga pitiayumi      
Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia X 5/24/91  Plum Island, MA 
Bay-breasted Warbler Setophaga castanea X   5/15/94 Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Blackburnian Warbler Setophaga fusca X 5/4/91  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Mangrove Warbler Setophaga petechia      
Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica X   Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Blackpoll Warbler Setophaga striata X 5/24/91  Plum Island, MA 
Black-throated Blue Warbler Setophaga caerulescens X 9/89  Cape May, NJ 
Palm Warbler Setophaga palmarum X 9/89  Cape May, NJ
Pine Warbler Setophaga pinus X   Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Myrtle Warbler (formerly Yellow-Rumped Warbler) Setophaga coronata X 9/89  Cape May, NJ
Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica      
Prairie Warbler Setophaga discolor      
Grace’s Warbler Setophaga graciae      
Black-throated Grey Warbler Setophaga nigrescens      
Townsend’s Warbler Setophaga townsendi      
Hermit Warbler Setophaga occidentalis      
Golden-cheeked Warbler Setophaga chrysoparia      
Black-throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens X   5/15/94 Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA
Fan-tailed Warbler Basileuterus lachrymosus      
Rufous-capped Warbler Basileuterus rufifrons      
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus      
Canada Warbler Cardellina canadensis X 5/19/91  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Wilson’s Warbler Cardellina pusilla X 9/89  Cape May, NJ 
Red-faced Warbler Cardellina rubrifrons      
Painted Whitestart Myioborus pictus      
Slate-throated Whitestart Myioborus miniatus      
Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens      
Spot-breasted Oriole (i) Icterus pectoralis      
Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius      
Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus      
Black-vented Oriole Icterus wagleri      
Scott’s Oriole Icterus parisorum      
Audubon’s Oriole Icterus graduacauda      
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula X 1960s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Bullock’s Oriole Icterus bullockii      
Streak-backed Oriole Icterus pustulatus      
Altamira Oriole Icterus gularis      
Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus      
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis      
Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater X   MA 
Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus X    
Tricoloured Blackbird Agelaius tricolor      
Tawny-shouldered Blackbird Agelaius humeralis      
Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus      
Brewer’s Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus 1/00  near SF, CA
Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula X    
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus X   CA 
Boat-tailed Grackle Quiscalus major X 6/90  Outer Banks, NC 
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna X    
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta      
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus      
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus X    
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola X 2/12 Puerto Rico
Pine Bunting Emberiza leucocephalos      
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla      
Yellow-browed Bunting Emberiza chrysophrys      
Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica      
Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans      
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola      
Grey Bunting Emberiza variabilis      
Pallas’s Reed Bunting Emberiza pallasi      
Common Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus      
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys      
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca      
Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia X    
Lincoln’s Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii      
Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana 10/7/90  Great Meadow NWR, Concord, MA
Harris’s Sparrow Zonotrichia querula      
White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys X    
White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis X 9/89  Cape May, NJ 
Golden-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia atricapilla 1/00  near SF, CA 
Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis X Eastern: 1960s
Western: 1/00 
Eastern: Ridgewood, NJ
Western: near SF, CA 
Yellow-eyed Junco Junco phaeonotus      
Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis    
Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus      
Nelson’s Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni      
Saltmarsh Sparrow (formerly Sharp-Tailed Sparrow) Ammodramus caudacutus   Newburyport, MA
Le Conte’s Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii      
Baird’s Sparrow Ammodramus bairdii      
Henslow’s Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii      
Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum      
American Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea X 3/31/90  Eastern MA
Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina X 6/289  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla      
Worthen’s Sparrow Spizella wortheni      
Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis      
Clay-coloured Sparrow Spizella pallida      
Brewer’s Sparrow Spizella breweri      
Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus      
Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus      
Five-striped Sparrow Amphispiza quinquestriata      
Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata      
Sage Sparrow Artemisiospiza nevadensis      
Bell’s Sparrow Artemisiospiza belli      
Rufous-winged Sparrow Peucaea carpalis      
Cassin’s Sparrow Peucaea cassinii      
Bachman’s Sparrow Peucaea aestivalis      
Botteri’s Sparrow Peucaea botterii      
Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps      
Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus      
Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus      
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus X    
Canyon Towhee Melozone fusca      
California Towhee Melozone crissalis 1/00 near SF, CA
Abert’s Towhee Melozone aberti      
Olive Sparrow Arremonops rufivirgatus      
Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus      
White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola      
Cuban Grassquit Tiaris canorus      
Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus      
Black-faced Grassquit Tiaris bicolor      
Western Spindalis Spindalis zena      
McCown’s Longspur Rhynchophanes mccownii      
Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus      
Smith’s Longspur Calcarius pictus      
Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus      
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis      
McKay’s Bunting Plectrophenax hyperboreus      
Flame-coloured Tanager Piranga bidentata      
Hepatic Tanager Piranga hepatica      
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra      
Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea X 5/19/91  Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, MA 
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana      
Dickcissel Spiza americana      
Mexican Yellow Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysopeplus      
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus X 1970s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus      
Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis X 1960s  Ridgewood, NJ 
Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus      
Crimson-collared Grosbeak Rhodothraupis celaeno      
Blue Bunting Cyanocompsa parellina      
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea      
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea X 1990s  NY 
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena      
Varied Bunting Passerina versicolor      
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris      
       
Additional Species…      
Greater Antillean Grackle  Quiscalus niger X 2/12 Puerto Rico
Pied Wagtail  Mottacilla alba 10/99  Ireland 
Robin Erithacus rubecula 10/99 Ireland 
Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus 10/99  Ireland 
Goldcrest Regulus regulus 10/99  Ireland 
Coal Tit Parus ater 10/99  Ireland 
Blue Tit Parus caeruleus 10/99  Ireland 
Magpie  Pica pica 10/99  Ireland 
Rook Corvus frugilegus 10/99  Ireland 
Hooded Crow Corvus corone 10/99  Ireland 
       
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