Best Classical Composers and Their Best Works: Chronological

I collected 30 lists of the best classical music composers from the Internet and combined them into a single meta-list.  Here is Part 2 of the list, organized in chronological order. The list includes every composer whose name was on three or more lists, in order of date of birth (the number of lists the composer was on is also included).  To see the list in rank order, go here (Part 1) and here (Part 2).

HILDEGARD VON BINGEN (1097-1179)
Birthplace: Bermersheim vor der Höhe (?), Holy Roman Empire (now Germany)
Period/Style: Medieval
Lists: 4

  • Ordo Virtutum (c. 1151) (morality play)
  • O viridissima virga (1140-1175) (antiphon)
  • O vis aeternatis (1140-1175) (response)
  • O Jerusalem aurea civitatis (1140-1175) (sequence)
  • O presul vere civitatis (1140-1175) (sequence)
  • O quam mirabilis (1140-1175) (antiphon)
  • O Euchari in leta via (1140-1175) (sequence)
  • Caritas Habundat In Omnia (1140-1175) (antiphon)
  • O frondens virga (1140-1175) (antiphon)
  • Ave, generosa (1140-1175) (hymn)
  • O ignis spiritus Paraclitus (1140-1175) (sequence)

PÉROTIN (fl. c. 1185-1205)
Birthplace: France (?)
Period/Style: Medieval/Notre Dame/Ars Antiqua
Lists: 3

  • Viderunt omnes (c. 1185-1205) (organum)
  • Sederunt pricipes (c. 1185-1205) (organum)
  • Alleluia “Posui adiutorium” (c. 1185-1205) (organum)
  • Beata viscera (c. 1185-1205) (conductus)

GUILLAUME DE MACHAUT (c. 1300-1377)
Birthplace: near Reims, France
Period/Style: Medieval/Ars Nova
Lists: 3

  • Inviolata gentrix (after 1358) (motet)
  • Messe de Nostre Dame (c. 1360s) (sacred vocal music)
  • Hoquetus David (1360s) (hocket)
  • Douce dame jolie (virelai)

GUILLAUME DUFAY (1397-1474)
Birthplace: Beersel, Flanders (now Belgium)
Period/Style: Renaissance/Burgundian
Lists: 3

  • Adieu ces bons vins de Lannoys (1426) (rondeau)
  • Nuper Rosarum Flores (1436) (motet)
  • Missa Se la face ay Pale (c. 1450s) (cantus firmus mass)
  • Missa L’homme arme (c. 1460) (cantus firmus mass)
  • Missa Ecce Ancilla Domine (1465) (cantus firmus mass)
  • Alma redemptoris mater (motet)

GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALESTRINA (1525-1594)
Birthplace: Palestrina, Papal States (now Italy)
Period/Style: Renaissance/Roman School
Lists: 6

  • Missa Papae Marcelli (1562) (mass)
  • Missa Brevis (1570) (cantus firmus mass)
  • 29 Motets for 5 voices (from Cantico Canticorum) (1584) (motets)
  • Missa Hodie Christus Natus Est (1601) (cantus firmus mass)
  • Sicut Cervus Desiderat (1604) (motet)
  • Stabat Mater (motet)

WILLIAM BYRD (1543-1623)
Birthplace: London, England (now UK)
Period/Style: Renaissance
Lists: 4

  • Infelix Ego (1591) (motet)
  • My Ladye Nevells Booke (1591) (keyboard)
  • Mass in Three Parts (1592-1595) (sacred vocal music)
  • Mass in Four Parts (1592-1595) (sacred vocal music)
  • Mass in Five Parts (1592-1595) (sacred vocal music)
  • The Great Service (1597-1599) (sacred vocal music)
  • Ave Verum Corpus (1605) (gradual)
  • Assumpta Est Maria (1605) (gradual)
  • Hodie Simon Petrus (1607) (gradual)
  • O Magnum Misterium (1607) (gradual)
  • Fitzwilliam Virginal Book (c. 1612) (portion) (keyboard music)

GIOVANNI GABRIELI (1554-1612)
Birthplace: Venice, Republic of Venice (now Italy)
Period/Style: Late Renaissance/Early Baroque/Venetian School
Lists: 3

  • Sacrae symphoniae (1597) (motets/canzonas/sonatas)
  • Sonata pian’ e forte (1597) (sonata)
  • Sacrae symphoniae (1615) (motets/canzonas/sonatas)
  • In ecclesiis (1615) (motet)
  • Canzoni e Sonate (1615) (canzonas/sonatas)

CARLO GESUALDO (c. 1566-1613)
Birthplace: Venosa, Kingdom of Naples (now Italy)
Period/Style: Late Renaissance/Early Baroque
Lists: 3

  • O Vos omnes (1603) (responsory/motet)
  • Moro, lasso, al mio duolo (1611) (madrigal)
  • Tenebrae Responsories (1611) (sacred madrigals)

CLAUDIO MONTEVERDI (1567-1643)
Birthplace: Cremona, Lombardy (now Italy)
Period/Style: Late Renaissance/Early Baroque
Lists: 5

  • Madrigals, Book 4 (1603) (secular vocal music)
  • Madrigals, Book 5 (1605) (secular vocal music)
  • Orfeo (1607) (opera)
  • Lamento d’Arianna (1608) (opera aria)
  • Vespro della Beata Virgine (1610) (psalms/motets/hymns)
  • Madrigals, Book 8 “Songs of Love and War” (1638) (secular vocal music)
  • L’Incoronazione di Poppea (1642) (opera)

HEINRICH SCHÜTZ (1585-1672)
Birthplace: Köstritz, Free State of Thuringia (now Germany)
Period/Style: Early Baroque
Lists: 3

  • Psalmen Davids, Op. 2 (1619) (sacred vocal music)
  • History of the Resurrection, Op. 3 (1623) (oratorio)
  • Cantiones Sacrae, Op. 4 (1625) (sacred vocal music)
  • Symphoniae Sacrae, Book I, Op. 6 (1629) (sacred vocal music)
  • Musikalische Exequien, Op. 7 (1636) (sacred vocal music)
  • Seven Last Word of Jesus on the Cross (1645) (sacred vocal music)
  • Symphoniae Sacrae, Book II, Op. 10 (1647) (sacred vocal music)
  • Symphoniae Sacrae, Book III, Op. 12 (1650) (sacred vocal music)
  • Christmas History (1664) (oratorio)

ARCANGELO CORELLI (1653-1713)
Birthplace: Fusignano, Papal States (now Italy)
Period/Style: Baroque
Lists: 3

  • 12 Trio Sonatas, Op. 1 (1681) (chamber music)
  • 12 Trio Sonatas, Op. 2 (1685) (chamber music)
  • 12 Trio Sonatas, Op. 3 (1689) (chamber music)
  • 12 Trio Sonatas, Op. 4 (1694) (chamber music)
  • 12 Sonatas, Op. 5 (1700) (chamber music)
  • Violin Sonata in D minor, Op. 5, No. 12 ”La Folia” (1700) (chamber music)
  • 12 Concerti Grossi, Op. 6 (1714) (orchestral music)
  • Concerto Grosso in D major, Op. 6, No. 4 (1714) (orchestral music)
  • Concerto Grosso in G Minor, Op. 6, No. 8 “Christmas Concerto” (1714) (orchestral music)

HENRY PURCELL (1659-1695)
Birthplace: London, England (now UK)
Period/Style: Baroque
Lists: 3

  • Dido and Aeneas (1688) (opera)
  • King Arthur (1691) (semi-opera)
  • The Fairy Queen (1692) (semi-opera)
  • Ode for St. Cecilia’s Day: Hail! Bright Cecilia (1692) (ode)
  • Come ye sons of art, away (1694) (ode)
  • Funeral Music for Queen Mary II (1695) (march/canzona)
  • The Indian Queen (1695) (semi-opera)
  • Rondeau (from Abdelazer) (1695) (incidental music)

FRANÇOIS COUPERIN (1668-1733)
Birthplace: Paris, France
Period/Style: Baroque
Lists: 3

  • Leçons de ténèbres (1714) (sacred vocal music)
  • Ordre 6 in B-flat major, No. 5 “Les baricades misterieuses” (1717) (keyboard music)
  • L’apothéose de Lully (1724) (chamber music)
  • Les Nations (1726) (chamber music)

ANTONIO VIVALDI (1678-1741)
Birthplace: Venice, Republic of Venice (now Italy)
Period/Style: Baroque
Lists: 16

  • 12 Concertos for 1, 2 and 4 Violins, Op. 3 “L’Estro Armonico” (1711) (orchestral music)
  • 12 Violin Concertos, Op. 4 “La Stravaganza” (c. 1714) (orchestral music)
  • Gloria in D major, RV 589 (1715) (sacred vocal music)
  • The Four Seasons, Op. 8, Nos. 1-4 (1723) (violin concertos)
  • 12 Concertos for 1 or 2 Violins, Op. 9 “La Cetra” (1727) (orchestral music)
  • Six Flute Concertos, Op. 10 (c. 1728) (orchestral music)
  • Concerto for Two Trumpets in C major, RV 537 (before 1742) (orchestral music)
  • Bassoon Concertos, RV 466-504 (orchestral music)

GEORG PHILIPP TELEMANN (1681-1767)
Birthplace: Magdeburg, Duchy of Magdeburg, Brandenburg-Prussia (now Germany)
Period/Style: Baroque
Lists: 3

  • Overture in C major “Water Music: Hamburg Ebb and Flow” TWV55: C3 (1723) (orchestral suite)
  • 12 Paris Quartets, TWV43 (1730) (chamber music)
  • Tafelmusik (1733) (chamber music)
  • Don Quixote Suite (1761) (orchestral suite)
  • Suite in A minor for Recorder (or Flute) and Strings, TWV55:a2 (orchestral suite)

JEAN-PHILIPPE RAMEAU (1683-1764)
Birthplace: Dijon, France
Period/Style: Baroque
Lists: 4

  • Gavotte and Variations in A minor (1727) (chamber music)
  • Hippolyte et Aricie (1733) (opera)
  • Castor et Pollux (1737) (opera)
  • Les Indes Galantes (1735) (opera-ballet)
  • Les Indes Galantes Suite (1735) (orchestral music)
  • Dardanus (1739) (opera)
  • Pieces de clavecin en concert (1741) (chamber music)
  • Suite in A major (from Pieces de clavecin en concert) (1741) (chamber music)
  • Tambourin (from Suite in A major) (1741) (chamber music)
  • La Princesse de Navarre (1744) (opera-ballet)
  • Platée (1745) (opera)
  • La Dauphine (1747) (keyboard music)
  • Zaïs (1748) (opera)

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH (1685-1750)
Birthplace: Eisenach, Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach, Holy Roman Empire (now Germany)
Period/Style: Baroque
Lists: 27

  • Toccata and Fugue in D minor* (1703-1707) (keyboard music) (*attribution in question)
  • Sonatas and Partitas for Solo Violin (1720) (solo instrument)
  • Six Brandenburg Concertos (1721) (orchestral music)
  • The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1 (1722) (keyboard music)
  • Six Cello Suites (1717-1723) (solo instrument)
  • Concerto in D minor for Two Violins “Double Concerto” (1717-1723) (orchestral music)
  • Orchestral Suite No. 1 (1717-1725) (orchestral music)
  • St. Matthew Passion (1727) (sacred oratorio)
  • Orchestral Suite No. 4 (1725-1730) (orchestral music)
  • Orchestral Suite No. 3 (1730) (orchestral music)
  • Orchestral Suite No. 2 (1738-1739) (orchestral music)
  • Goldberg Variations (1741) (keyboard music)
  • The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2 (1742) (keyboard music)
  • Mass in B minor (1749) (mass)

GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL (1685-1759)
Birthplace: Halle, Duchy of Magdeburg, Brandenburg-Prussia (now Germany)
Period/Style: Baroque
Lists: 21

  • Rinaldo (1711) (opera)
  • Water Music Suites Nos. 1 & 2 (1717) (orchestral music)
  • Acis and Galatea (c. 1718) (opera/oratorio)
  • Harpsichord Suite No. 5 in E major “The Harmonious Blacksmith” (1720) (keyboard music)
  • Six Concerti Grossi, Op. 3 (1734) (orchestral music)
  • Xerxes (Serse) (1738) (opera)
  • Organ Concerto No. 13 in F major “The Cuckoo and the Nightingale” (1739) (orchestral music)
  • 12 Concerti Grossi, Op. 6 (1740) (orchestral music)
  • Messiah (1742) (oratorio)
  • Judas Maccabeus (1747) (oratorio)
  • Solomon (1749) (oratorio)
  • Music for the Royal Fireworks (1749) (suite for wind band)

DOMENICO SCARLATTI (1685-1767)
Birthplace: Naples, Kingdom of Naples (now Italy)
Period/Style: Late Baroque/Early Classical
Lists: 3

  • Stabat Mater (1715) (sacred vocal music)
  • Sonata in D minor, K.9 “Pastorale” (1738) (keyboard music)
  • Sonata in B minor, K.27 (1738) (keyboard music)
  • Sonata in B minor, K.87 (1746) (keyboard music)
  • Sonata in A Major, K.208 (1753) (keyboard music)
  • Sonata in E major, K.380 “Cortege” (1753) (keyboard music)
  • Sonata in D minor, K.141 (1757) (keyboard music)
  • Sonata in D major, K.491 (1757) (keyboard music)
  • Sonata in D major, K.492 (1757) (keyboard music)
  • Sonata in C major, K.513 (1757) (keyboard music)
  • Salve Regina (1757) (sacred vocal music)
  • Sonata in E minor, K.402 (keyboard music)
  • Sonata in D minor, K.517 (keyboard music)

CHRISTOPH WILLIBALD GLUCK (1714-1787)
Birthplace: Erasbach, Upper Palatinate (now Germany)
Style/Period: Classical
Lists: 4

  • Orfeo ed Euridice (1762) (opera)
  • Alceste (1767) (opera)
  • Iphigénie en Aulide (1774) (opera)
  • Iphigénie en Tauride (1779) (opera)

FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN (1732-1809)
Birthplace: Rohrau, Hapsburg Empire (now Austria)
Style/Period: Classical
Lists: 16

  • Violin Concerto No. 1 in C major (c. 1765) (orchestral music)
  • Cello Concerto No. 1 in C major (1765) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Sonata No. 31 in A-flat major (1770) (keyboard music)
  • Symphony No. 45 in F-sharp minor “Farewell” (1772) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Sonata No. 37 in D major (1773) (keyboard music)
  • Cello Concerto No. 2 in D major (1783) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 83 in G minor “The Hen” (1785) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 82 in C major “The Bear” (1786) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 85 in B-flat major “The Queen” (1786) (orchestral music)
  • Seven Last Words of Christ (1787) (sacred vocal music)
  • Symphony No. 92 in G major “Oxford” (1789) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 53 in D major, Op. 64, No. 5 “Lark” (1790) (chamber music)
  • Symphony No. 94 in G major “The Surprise” (1791) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 96 in D major “Miracle” (1791) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 100 in G major “Military” (1794) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 101 in D major “The Clock” (1794) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 102 in B-flat major (1794) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Sonata No. 62 in E-flat major (1794) (keyboard music)
  • Symphony No. 103 in E-flat major “Drum Roll” (1795) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 104 in D major “London” (1795) (orchestral music)
  • Trumpet Concerto in E-flat major (1796) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartets, Op. 76, Nos. 1-6 (1796-1797) (chamber music)
  • The Creation (1798) (oratorio)
  • Mass No. 11 in D minor “Lord Nelson” (1798) (sacred vocal music)
  • The Seasons (1801) (oratorio)

WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (1756-1791)
Birthplace: Salzburg, Archbishopric of Salzburg, Holy Roman Empire (now Austria)
Period/Style: Classical
Lists: 27

  • Concerto for Flute, Harp and Orchestra in C major (1778) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Sonata No. 11 in A major “Rondo Alla Turca” (1783) (keyboard music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 21 in C major “Elvira Madigan” (1785) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 19 in C major “Dissonance” (1785) (chamber music)
  • The Marriage of Figaro (1786) (opera)
  • Piano Concerto No. 24 in C minor (1786) (orchestral music)
  • Horn Concerto No. 4 in E-flat major (1786) (orchestral music)
  • Serenade No. 13 in G major “Eine Kleine Nachtmusik” (1787) (orchestral music)
  • Don Giovanni (1787) (opera)
  • Symphony No. 40 in G minor (1788) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 41 in C major “Jupiter” (1788) (orchestral music)
  • Così fan tutte (1789) (opera)
  • Clarinet Quintet in A major (1789) (chamber music)
  • The Magic Flute (1791) (opera/singspiel)
  • Clarinet Concerto in A major (1791) (orchestral music)
  • Requiem Mass in D minor (1791) (sacred vocal music)

LUDWIG VON BEETHOVEN (1770-1827)
Birthplace: Bonn, Archbishopric of Cologne, Holy Roman Empire (now Germany)
Period/Style: Classical/Early Romantic
Lists: 29

  • Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor, Op. 13 “Pathétique” (1798) (keyboard music)
  • Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, no. 2 “Moonlight” (1801) (keyboard music)
  • Violin Sonata No. 9 in A minor, Op. 47 “Kreutzer” (1803) (chamber music)
  • Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major, Op. 55 “Eroica” (1804) (orchestral music)
  • Violin Concerto in D major, Op. 61 (1806) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 5 in C minor, Op. 67 “Fate” (1808) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 5 in E-flat major, Op. 73 “Emperor” (1810) (orchestral music)
  • Poco moto (Bagatelle) No. 25 in A minor “Für Elise” (c. 1810) (keyboard music)
  • Symphony No. 7 in A major, Op. 92 (1812) (orchestral music)
  • Fidelio, Op. 72 (1814) (opera)
  • Missa Solemnis in D major, Op. 123 (1823) (sacred vocal music)
  • Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125 “Choral” (1824) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 16 in F major, Op. 135 (1826) (chamber music)

CARL MARIA VON WEBER (1786-1826)
Birthplace: Eutin, Duchy of Holstein, Holy Roman Empire (now Germany)
Period/Style: Early Romantic
Lists: 3

  • Clarinet Concertino in E-flat Major, Op. 26 (1811) (orchestral music)
  • Clarinet Concerto No. 1 in F minor, Op. 73 (1811) (orchestral music)
  • Clarinet Concerto No. 2 in E-flat major, Op. 74 (1811) (orchestral music)
  • Clarinet Quintet, Op. 34 (1814) (chamber music)
  • Invitation to the Dance, Op. 65 (1819) (keyboard music)
  • Konzertstücke in F minor for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 79 (1821) (orchestral music)
  • Der Freischütz (1821) (opera)
  • Der Freischütz Overture (1821) (orchestral music)
  • Euryanthe (1823) (opera)
  • Euryanthe Overture (1823) (orchestral music)
  • Oberon (1826) (opera)
  • Oberon Overture (1826) (orchestral music)

GIOACCHINO ROSSINI (1792-1868)
Birthplace: Pesaro, Papal States (now Italy)
Period/Style: Early Romantic
Lists: 4

  • La Scala di seta Overture (1812) (orchestral music)
  • L’Italiana in Algeri (1813) (opera)
  • L’Italiana in Algeri Overture (1813) (orchestral music)
  • Il Barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber of Seville) (1816) (opera)
  • La Gazza Ladra (The Thieving Magpie) (1817) (opera)
  • La Gazza Ladra Overture (1817) (orchestral music)
  • Semiramide (1823) (opera)
  • Semiramide Overture (1823) (orchestral music)
  • La Cenerentola (1817) (opera)
  • Guillaume Tell (1829) (opera)
  • Guillaume Tell Overture (1829) (orchestral music)
  • Stabat Mater (1832) (sacred vocal music)

FRANZ SCHUBERT (1797-1828)
Birthplace: Vienna, Archduchy of Austria (now Austria)
Period/Style: Late Classical/Early Romantic
Lists: 19

  • Symphony No. 5 in B-flat major (1815) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Quintet in A major, D. 667 “Trout” (1819) (chamber music)
  • Symphony No. 8 in B minor, D. 759 ‘Unfinished’ (1822) (orchestral music)
  • Fantasy in C major, Op. 15, D. 760 “Wanderer” (1822) (keyboard music)
  • Die Schöne Müllerin, D. 795 (1823) (song cycle)
  • String Quartet No. 14 in D minor, D. 810 “Death and the Maiden” (1824) (chamber music)
  • Winterreise, D. 911 (1827) (song cycle)
  • Impromptus, Op. 90, D. 899 (1827) (keyboard music)
  • Impromptus, Op. 142, D. 935 (1827) (keyboard music)
  • Piano Trio No. 2 in E-flat major, D. 929 (1827) (chamber music)
  • Piano Sonata No. 21 in B-flat major, D. 960 (1828) (keyboard music)
  • Symphony No. 9, D. 944 ‘The Great’ (1828) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Trio No. 1 in B-flat major, D. 898 (1828) (chamber music)
  • String Quintet in C major, Op. 163, D. 956 (1828) (chamber music)

GAETANO DONIZETTI (1797-1848)
Birthplace: Bergamo, Lombardy, Cisalpine Republic (now Italy)
Period/Style: Early Romantic
Lists: 3

  • Anna Bolena (1830) (opera)
  • L’elisir d’amore (1832) (opera)
  • Lucrezia Borgia (1833) (opera)
  • Lucia di Lammermoor (1835) (opera)
  • La fille du régiment (1840) (opera)
  • La favorite (1840) (opera)
  • Don Pasquale (1843) (opera)

HECTOR BERLIOZ (1803-1869)
Birthplace: La Côte-Saint-André, France
Period/Style: Early Romantic
Lists: 6

  • Symphonie Fantastique (1830) (orchestral music)
  • Harold en Italie (1834) (orchestral music)
  • Requiem (Grand Messe des Morts) (1837) (sacred vocal music)
  • Romeo et Juliette (1839) (orchestral music)
  • Les Nuits d’Ete (1841) (song cycle)
  • La Damnation de Faust (1846) (opera-oratorio)
  • Les Troyens (1858) (opera)

FELIX MENDELSSOHN (1809-1847)
Birthplace: City-State of Hamburg (now Germany)
Period/Style: Early Romantic
Lists: 8

  • String Octet in E-flat major, Op. 20 (1825) (chamber music)
  • Midsummer Night’s Dream, Overture, Op. 23 (1826) (orchestral music)
  • Songs without Words, Opp. 19b, 30, 38, 53, 62, 67, 85, 102 (1829-1845) (keyboard music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 1 in G minor, Op. 25 (1832) (orchestral music)
  • Hebrides Overture (Fingal’s Cave), Op. 26 (1832) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 4 in A major, Op. 90 “Italian” (1833) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 2 in D minor, Op. 40 (1837) (orchestral music)
  • Midsummer Night’s Dream, Incidental Music, Op. 61 (1842) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 3 in A minor, Op. 56 “Scottish” (1842) (orchestral music)
  • Violin Concerto in E minor, Op. 64 (1844) (orchestral music)
  • Elijah, Op. 70 (1846) (oratorio)

FRÉDÉRIC CHOPIN (1810-1849)
Birthplace: Żelazowa Wola, Duchy of Warsaw (now Poland)
Period/Style: Early Romantic
Lists: 20

  • Etudes, Op. 10 (1829) (keyboard music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 1 in E minor (1830) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 2 in F minor (1830) (orchestral music)
  • Nocturnes (1830-1846) (keyboard music)
  • Etudes, Op. 25 (1836) (keyboard music)
  • Ballade No.1 in G minor (1836) (keyboard music)
  • Scherzo No. 2 in B-flat minor (1837) (keyboard music)
  • 24 Preludes, Op. 28 (1838) (keyboard music)
  • Piano Sonata No.2 in B-flat minor, Op. 35 (1839) (keyboard music)
  • Polonaise No. 6, Op. 53 “Heroic” (1842) (keyboard music)
  • Ballade No. 4 in F minor (1843) (keyboard music)
  • Piano Sonata No. 3 in B minor (1844) (keyboard music)
  • Polonaise-Fantasy in A-flat major (1846) (keyboard music)

ROBERT SCHUMANN (1810-1856)
Birthplace: Zwickau, Kingdom of Saxony (now Germany)
Period/Style: Early Romantic
Lists: 10

  • Symphonic Etudes, Op. 13 (1834) (orchestral music)
  • Carnaval, Op. 9 (1835) (keyboard music)
  • Fantasia in C major, Op. 17 (1836) (keyboard music)
  • Fantasiestücke, Op. 12 (1837) (keyboard music)
  • Kinderszenen (Scenes from Childhood), Op. 15 (1838) (keyboard music)
  • Kreisleriana, Op. 16 (1838) (keyboard music)
  • Dichterliebe, Op. 48 (1840) (song cycle)
  • Symphony No. 1 in B-flat major, Op. 38 “Spring” (1841) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 4 in D minor, Op. 120 (1841) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Quintet in E-flat major, Op. 44 (1842) (chamber music)
  • Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 54 (1845) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major, Op. 97 “Rhenish” (1850) (orchestral music)
  • Cello Concerto in A minor, Op. 129 (1850) (orchestral music)

FRANZ LISZT (1811-1886)
Birthplace: Doborján, Kingdom of Hungary, Hapsburg Empire (now Austria)
Period/Style: Early Romantic
Lists: 12

  • 19 Hungarian Rhapsodies (1846-1885) (keyboard music; arranged for orchestra)
  • Piano Concerto No. 1 in E-flat major (1849) (orchestral music)
  • Liebesträume (1850) (keyboard music)
  • Grandes études de Paganini, No. 3 in G-sharp minor “La Campanella” (1851) (keyboard music)
  • Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 (1851) (keyboard music, arranged for orchestra)
  • Transcendental Etudes (1852) (keyboard music)
  • Piano Sonata in B minor (1853) (keyboard music)
  • A Faust Symphony (1854) (orchestral music)
  • Mephisto Waltz No. 1 (1862) (orchestral music, arranged for keyboard)

RICHARD WAGNER (1813-1883)
Birthplace: Leipzig, Confederation of the Rhine (now Germany)
Period/Style: Late Romantic/Gesamtkunstwerk
Lists: 20

  • Der Fliegende Holländer (The Flying Dutchman) (1843) (opera)
  • Tannhäuser (1845) (opera)
  • Lohengrin (1848) (opera)
  • Der Ring des Nibelungen (1854-1874) (opera cycle)
  • 1. Das Rheingold (1854) (opera)
  • 2. Die Walkure (The Valkyrie) (1856) (opera)
  • 3. Siegfried (1856-1871) (opera)
  • 4. Götterdämmerung (Twilight of the Gods) (1874) (opera)
  • Tristan und Isolde (1859) (opera)
  • Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (1862-1868) (opera)
  • Siegfried Idyll (1870) (symphonic poem)
  • Parsifal (1882) (opera)

GIUSEPPE VERDI (1813-1901)
Birthplace: Busseto, Parma (now Italy)
Period/Style: Early Romantic
Lists: 17

  • Rigoletto (1851) (opera)
  • La Traviata (1853) (opera)
  • Il Trovatore (1853) (opera)
  • Don Carlos (1867) (opera)
  • Aida (1871) (opera)
  • Messa da Requiem (1874) (sacred vocal music)
  • Otello (1887) (opera)
  • Falstaff (1893) (opera)
  • Quattro Pezzi Sacri (1898) (sacred vocal music)

ANTON BRUCKNER (1824-1884)
Birthplace: Ansfelden, Austria
Period/Style: Late Romantic
Lists: 5

  • Mass No. 2 in E minor (1866) (sacred vocal music)
  • Mass No. 3 in F minor (1868) (sacred vocal music)
  • Symphony No. 4 in E-flat major “Romantic” (1874) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 5 in B-flat major (1878) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 6 in A major (1881) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 7 in E major (1883) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 8 in C minor (1887) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 9 in D minor (1896) (orchestral music)

BEDŘICH SMETANA (1824-1884)
Birthplace: Litomyšl, Hapsburg Empire (now Czech Republic)
Period/Style: Romantic/Nationalist
Lists: 4

  • The Bartered Bride (1866) (opera)
  • String Quartet No. 1 in E minor “From My Life” (1876) (chamber music)
  • Má Vlast (My Homeland) (1879) (symphonic poem cycle)

JOHANN STRAUSS II (1825-1899)
Birthplace: St. Ulrich, Austria
Period/Style: Late Romantic
Lists: 4

  • On the Beautiful Blue Danube (1866) (waltz)
  • Artist’s Life (1867) (waltz)
  • Thunder and Lightning (1868) (polka)
  • Tales from the Vienna Woods (1868) (waltz)
  • Wine, Women and Song (1869) (waltz)
  • Vienna Blood (1873) (waltz)
  • Die Fledermaus (1874) (operetta)
  • Emperor Waltz (1888) (waltz)

ALEXANDER BORODIN (1833-1887)
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Period/Style: Late Romantic/Nationalist
Lists: 3

  • Symphony No. 2 in B minor (1876) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 1 in A major (1879) (chamber music)
  • In the Steppes of Central Asia (1880) (symphonic poem)
  • String Quartet No. 2 in D major (1881) (chamber music)
  • Prince Igor (1887) (opera)
  • Polovtsian Dances (from Prince Igor) (1887) (orchestral music with chorus)

JOHANNES BRAHMS (1833-1897)
Birthplace: Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (now Germany)
Period/Style: Late Romantic
Lists: 19

  • Piano Concerto No. 1 in D minor (1859) (orchestral music)
  • Ein Deutsches Requiem (1868) (sacred vocal music)
  • Variations on a Theme by Haydn (1873) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 1 in C minor (1876) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 2 in D major (1877) (orchestral music)
  • Violin Concerto in D major (1878) (orchestral music)
  • Violin Sonata No. 1 in G major (1879) (chamber music)
  • Academic Festival Overture (1880) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 2 in B-flat major (1881) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 3 in F major (1883) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 4 in E minor (1885) (orchestral music)
  • Violin Sonata No. 3 in D minor (1887) (chamber music)
  • Clarinet Quintet in B minor (1891) (chamber music)
  • Three Intermezzos for Piano, Op. 117 (1892) (keyboard music)
  • Six Pieces for Piano, Op. 118 (1893) (keyboard music)
  • Four Pieces for Piano, Op. 119 (1893) (keyboard music)

CAMILLE SAINT-SAËNS (1835–1921)
Birthplace: Paris, France
Period/Style: Late Romantic
Lists: 5

  • Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso, Op. 28 (1863) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 2 in G minor, Op. 22 (1868) (orchestral music)
  • Cello Concerto No. 1 in A minor, Op. 33 (1872) (orchestral music)
  • Danse Macabre, Op. 40 (1874) (tone poem)
  • Samson et Dalila, Op. 47 (1877) (opera)
  • Violin Concerto No. 3 in B minor, Op. 61 (1880) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 3 in C minor, Op. 78 “Organ” (1886) (orchestral music)
  • Carnival of the Animals (1886) (chamber music)

GEORGES BIZET (1838-1875)
Birthplace: Paris, France
Period/Style: Late Romantic
Lists: 3

  • Symphony in C major (1855) (orchestral music)
  • The Pearl Fishers (1863) (opera)
  • Djamileh (1871) (opera)
  • L’Arlesienne Suites Nos. 1 & 2 (1872) (incidental music)
  • Carmen (1874) (opera)

MODEST MUSSORGSKY (1839-1881)
Birthplace: Karevo, Russia
Period/Style: Romantic/Nationalist
Lists: 6

  • A Night on Bald Mountain (1867) (tone poem)
  • Boris Godunov (1868) (opera)
  • Khovanshchina (1872) (opera)
  • Pictures at an Exhibition (1874) (keyboard music)
  • Songs & Dances of Death (1875) (song cycle)

PYOTR ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY (1840-1893)
Birthplace: Votkinsk, Russia
Period/Style: Late Romantic/Nationalist
Lists: 23

  • Romeo & Juliet “Fantasy Overture” (1870) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 1 in D major (1871) (chamber music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 1 in B-flat minor (1875) (orchestral music)
  • Swan Lake(1876) (ballet)
  • Violin Concerto in D major (1878) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 4 in F minor (1878) (orchestral music)
  • Capriccio Italien in A major (1880) (orchestral music)
  • String Serenade in C major (1880) (orchestral music)
  • Overture in E-flat major “1812” (1882) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 5 in E minor (1888) (orchestral music)
  • The Sleeping Beauty (1889) (ballet)
  • The Nutcracker (1892) (ballet)
  • Symphony No. 6 in B minor “Pathétique” (1893) (orchestral music)

ANTONÍN DVOŘÁK (1841-1904)
Birthplace: Nelahozeves, Austrian Empire (now Czech Republic)
Period/Style: Late Romantic/Nationalist
Lists: 10

  • Slavonic Dances, Op. 46 (1878) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 7 in D minor, Op. 70 (1885) (orchestral music)
  • Slavonic Dances, Op. 72 (1887) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 8 in G major, Op. 88 (1889) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 12 in F major “American” (1893) (chamber music)
  • Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 “From the New World” (1893) (orchestral music)
  • Cello Concerto in B minor, Op. 104 (1895) (orchestral music)

EDVARD GRIEG (1843-1907)
Birthplace: Bergen, Norway
Period/Style: Late Romantic/Nationalist
Lists: 9

  • Songs (1861-1900) (songs)
  • Violin Sonata No. 1 in F major (1865) (chamber music)
  • Lyric Pieces, Books I-X (1866-1901) (keyboard music)
  • Violin Sonata No. 2 in G major (1867) (chamber music)
  • Piano Concerto in A minor (1868) (orchestral music)
  • Norwegian Folk Songs and Dances, Op. 17 (1869) (keyboard music)
  • Peer Gynt, Op. 23 (1875) (incidental music)
  • Norwegian Dances, Op. 35 (1881) (keyboard music/orchestral music)
  • Holberg Suite “From Holberg’s Time”, Op. 40 (1884-1885) (keyboard music/orchestral music)
  • Violin Sonata No. 3 in C minor, Op. 45 (1887) (chamber music)
  • Peer Gynt Suite No. 1, Op. 46 (1888) (orchestral music)
  • Peer Gynt Suite No. 2, Op. 55 (1891) (orchestral music)
  • Norwegian Peasant Dances, Op. 72 (1902-1903) (keyboard music)

NIKOLAI RIMSKY-KORSAKOV (1844-1908)
Birthplace: Tikhvin, Russia
Period/Style: Late Romantic/Nationalist
Lists: 5

  • Symphony No. 2, Op. 9 “Antar” (1868) (orchestral music)
  • Capriccio espagnole, Op. 34 (1887) (orchestral music)
  • Scheherazade, Op. 35 (1888) (symphonic poem)
  • Russian Easter Festival Overture, Op. 36 (1888) (orchestral music)
  • The Tale of Tsar Saltan (1900) (opera)
  • The Golden Cockerel Suite (1907) (orchestral music)

GABRIEL FAURÉ (1845-1924)
Birthplace: Pamiers, France
Period/Style: Late Romantic
Lists: 4

  • Nocturnes Nos. 1-13 (c. 1875-1921) (keyboard music)
  • Violin Sonata No. 1 (1876) (chamber music)
  • Requiem (1877) (sacred vocal music)
  • Piano Quartet No. 1 (1879) (chamber music)
  • Piano Quartet No. 2 (1886) (chamber music)
  • Pavane for Chorus and Orchestra (1887) (orchestral music with chorus)
  • La Bonne Chanson (1894) (song cycle)
  • Pelléas et Mélisande (1898) (orchestral music)

LEOŠ JANÁČEK (1854-1928)
Birthplace: Hukvaldy, Moravia, Austrian Empire (now Czech Republic)
Period/Style: Late Romantic/Nationalist
Lists: 4

  • Jenůfa (1903) (opera)
  • Taras Bulba (1918) (orchestral music)
  • Káťa Kabanová (1921) (opera)
  • The Cunning Little Vixen (1923) (opera)
  • String Quartet No. 1 “Kreutzer Sonata” (1923) (chamber music)
  • The Makropulos Affair (1925) (opera)
  • Sinfonietta (1926) (orchestral music)
  • Glagolitic Mass (1927) (sacred vocal music)
  • String Quartet No. 2 “Intimate Pages” (1928) (chamber music)

EDWARD ELGAR (1857-1934)
Birthplace: Lower Broadheath, England, UK
Period/Style: Late Romantic
Lists: 3

  • Enigma Variations, Op. 36 (1899) (orchestral music)
  • The Dream of Gerontius, Op. 38 (1900) (orchestral music with chorus)
  • Introduction and Allegro, Op. 47 (1905) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 1 in A-flat major, Op. 55 (1908) (orchestral music)
  • Violin Concerto in B minor, Op. 61 (1910) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 2 in E-flat major, Op. 63 (1911) (orchestral music)
  • Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85 (1919) (orchestral music)
  • Pomp and Circumstance Marches, Op. 39 (1900-1930) (orchestral music)

GIACOMO PUCCINI (1858-1924)
Birthplace: Lucca, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (now Italy)
Period/Style: Late Romantic
Lists: 5

  • Manon Lescaut (1893) (opera)
  • La Bohème (1895) (opera)
  • Tosca (1900) (opera)
  • Madama Butterfly (1904) (opera)
  • La Fanciulla del West (1910) (opera)
  • Turandot (1926) (opera)

GUSTAV MAHLER (1860-1911)
Birthplace: Kaliště, Bohemia (now Czech Republic)
Period/Style: Late Romantic
Lists: 9

  • Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen (1884) (song cycle)
  • Symphony No. 1 in D major “Titan” (1888) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 2 in C minor “Resurrection” (1894) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 3 in D minor (1896) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 4 in G major (1901) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 5 in C-sharp minor (1902) (orchestral music)
  • Kindertotenlieder (1901-1904) (song cycle)
  • Symphony No. 6 in A minor “Tragic” (1905) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 7 in E minor “The Song of the Night” (1906) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 8 in E-flat major “Symphony of a Thousand” (1907) (orchestral music)
  • Das Lied von der Erde (1907-1909) (song cycle/symphony)
  • Symphony No. 9 in D minor (1910) (orchestral music)

CLAUDE DEBUSSY (1862-1918)
Birthplace: Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Period/Style: Late Romantic/Impressionist
Lists: 15

  • Suite Bergamesque (1890) (keyboard music)
  • String Quartet in G minor (1893) (chamber music)
  • Prelude a l’apres-midi d’un faune (1894) (symphonic poem)
  • Three Nocturnes (1899) (orchestral music with chorus)
  • Pelléas et Mélisande (1902) (opera)
  • La Mer (1905) (orchestral music)
  • Images, Set 1 (1905) (keyboard music)
  • Images, Set 2 (1907) (keyboard music)
  • Children’s Corner (1908) (keyboard music)
  • Préludes, Book 1 (1910) (keyboard music)
  • Préludes, Book 2 (1913) (keyboard music)
  • Violin Sonata (1917) (chamber music)

RICHARD STRAUSS (1864-1949)
Birthplace: Munich, Bavaria (now Germany)
Period/Style: Late Romantic/Early Modern
Lists: 7

  • Don Juan, Op. 20 (1889) (tone poem)
  • Tod und Verklärung (Death and Transfiguration), Op. 24 (1889) (tone poem)
  • Till Eulenspiegel’s Merry Pranks, Op. 28 (1895) (tone poem)
  • Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. 30 (1896) (tone poem)
  • Ein Heldenleben (A Hero’s Life), Op. 40 (1898) (tone poem)
  • Salome, Op. 54 (1905) (opera)
  • Elektra, Op. 58 (1909) (opera)
  • Der Rosenkavalier, Op. 59 (1911) (opera)
  • An Alpine Symphony, Op. 64 (1915) (tone poem)
  • Metamorphosen (1945) (orchestral music)
  • Oboe Concerto in D major (1945) (orchestral music)
  • Four Last Songs (1948) (song cycle)

JEAN SIBELIUS (1865-1957)
Birthplace: Hämeenlinna, Grand Duchy of Finland (now Finland)
Period/Style: Late Romantic/Early Modern/Nationalist
Lists: 4

  • Karelia Suite, Op. 11 (1893) (orchestral music)
  • Lemminkäinen Suite, Op. 22 (Four Legends from the Kalevala) (1895) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 1 in E minor, Op. 39 (1899) (orchestral music)
  • Finlandia, Op. 26 (1899) (tone poem)
  • Symphony No. 2 in D major, Op. 43 (1902) (orchestral music)
  • Violin Concerto in D minor, Op. 47 (1905) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 3 in C major, Op. 52 (1907) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 4 in A minor, Op. 63 (1911) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 5 in E-flat major, Op. 82 (1919) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 6 in D minor, Op. 104 (1923) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 7 in C major, Op. 105 (1924) (orchestral music)
  • Tapiola, Op. 112 (1926) (tone poem)

RALPH VAUGHAN WILLLIAMS (1872-1958)
Birthplace: Down Ampney, England, UK
Period/Style: Early Modern/Nationalist
Lists: 3

  • A Sea Symphony (Symphony No. 1) (1909) (orchestral music)
  • Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis (1910) (orchestral music)
  • A London Symphony (Symphony No. 2) (1914) (orchestral music)
  • The Lark Ascending (1914) (violin concerto)
  • Symphony No. 4 in F minor (1934) (orchestral music)
  • Fantasia on “Greensleeves” (1934) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 5 in D major (1943) (orchestral music)

SERGEI RACHMANINOFF (1873-1943)
Birthplace: Oneg, Russia
Period/Style: Late Romantic/Modern
Lists: 11

  • Morceaux de fantaisie, Op. 3, No. 2, Prélude in C-sharp minor (1892) (keyboard music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor, Op. 18 (1901) (orchestral music)
  • Preludes, Op. 23 (1903) (keyboard music)
  • Prelude in G minor, Op. 23, No. 5 (1903) (keyboard music)
  • Symphony No. 2 in E minor, Op. 27 (1907) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 3 in D minor, Op. 30 (1909) (orchestral music)
  • Preludes, Op. 32 (1910) (keyboard music)
  • Vocalise, Op. 34, No. 14 (1912) (song)
  • The Bells, Op. 35 (1913) (orchestral music with chorus)
  • Piano Sonata No. 2, Op. 36 (1913, rev. 1931) (keyboard music)
  • All-Night Vigil (Vespers), Op. 37 (1915) (sacred vocal music)
  • Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, Op. 43 (1934) (piano concerto)
  • Symphonic Dances, Op. 45 (1940) (orchestral music)

GUSTAV HOLST (1874-1934)
Birthplace: Cheltenham, England, UK
Period/Style: Modern
Lists: 4

  • St. Paul’s Suite, Op. 29, No. 2 (1913) (orchestral music)
  • The Planets, Op. 32 (1916) (orchestral music with chorus)
  • The Hymn of Jesus, Op. 37 (1917) (sacred vocal music)
  • Egdon Heath, Op. 47 (1927) (tone poem)

ARNOLD SCHOENBERG (1874-1951)
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Period/Style: Second Viennese School/Serialism
Lists: 6

  • Verklärte Nacht (Transfigured Night), Op. 4 (1899) (chamber music)
  • Three Piano Pieces, Op. 11 (1909) (keyboard music)
  • Five Pieces for Orchestra, Op. 16 (1909) (orchestral music)
  • Six Little Piano Pieces, Op. 19 (1911) (keyboard music)
  • Gurrelieder (1911) (song cycle/secular cantata)
  • Pierrot Lunaire, Op. 21 (1912) (orchestral music with Sprechstimme)
  • Variations for Orchestra, Op. 31 (1928) (orchestral music)

CHARLES IVES (1874-1954)
Birthplace: Danbury, Connecticut, US
Period/Style: Modern
Lists: 4

  • Symphony No. 2 (1897-1901) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 3 “The Camp Meeting” (1901-1904) (orchestral music)
  • The Unanswered Question (1906, rev. 1935) (two chamber ensembles and solo trumpet)
  • Central Park in the Dark (1898-1907) (orchestral music)
  • A Symphony: Holidays (1904-1913) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 2 (1907-1913) (chamber music)
  • Three Places in New England (Orchestral Set No. 1) (1903-1914) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Sonata No. 2 “Concord” (1909-1915) (keyboard music)
  • Symphony No. 4 (1910-1916) (orchestral music)
  • Songs (songs)

MAURICE RAVEL (1875-1937)
Birthplace: Ciboure, France
Period/Style: Modern/Impressionist
Lists: 9

  • Pavane pour une infante défunte (piano 1899, orchestra, 1910) (keyboard/orchestral)
  • String Quartet in F Major (1903) (chamber music)
  • Miroirs (1905) (keyboard music)
  • Gaspard de la Nuit (1908) (keyboard music)
  • Ma Mere L’Oye (Mother Goose) (piano, 1910, orchestra, 1911) (keyboard/orchestral)
  • Daphnis et Chloé (1912) (ballet)
  • Le tombeau de Couperin (1917) (keyboard music)
  • La Valse (1920) (orchestral music)
  • Boléro (1928) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto in D major (for the left hand) (1930) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto in G major (1931) (orchestral music)

BÉLA BARTÓK (1881-1945)
Birthplace: Nagyszentmiklós, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (now Romania)
Period/Style: Modern/Nationalist
Lists: 5

  • Violin Concerto No. 1 (1908) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 1 (1909) (chamber music)
  • Bluebeard’s Castle (1911) (opera)
  • String Quartet No. 2 (1917) (chamber music)
  • The Miraculous Mandarin (1919) (ballet with chorus)
  • Piano Concerto No. 1 (1926) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 3 (1927) (chamber music)
  • String Quartet No. 4 (1928) (chamber music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 2 (1931) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 5 (1934) (chamber music)
  • Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta (1936) (orchestral music)
  • Violin Concerto No. 2 (1938) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 6 (1939) (chamber music)
  • Concerto for Orchestra (1943) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 3 in E major (1945) (orchestral music)

IGOR STRAVINSKY (1882-1971)
Birthplace: Oranienbaum, Russia
Period/Style: Modern/Neoclassical
Lists: 21

  • The Firebird (1910) (ballet)
  • Petrushka (1911) (ballet)
  • The Rite of Spring (1913) (ballet)
  • L’Histoire du soldat (The Soldier’s Tale) (1918) (theatre music)
  • Pulcinella (1920) (ballet)
  • Oedipus Rex (1927) (opera-oratorio)
  • Apollo (Apollon musagète) (1928) (ballet)
  • Symphony of Psalms (1930) (orchestral music with chorus)
  • Concerto in E-flat major “Dumbarton Oaks” (1938) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony in C (1940) (orchestral music)
  • The Rake’s Progress (1951) (opera)
  • Agon (1957) (ballet)

SERGEI PROKOFIEV (1891-1953)
Birthplace: Sontsovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire (now Ukraine)
Period/Style: Modern
Lists: 8

  • Piano Concerto No. 1 in D-flat major, Op. 10 (1912) (orchestral music)
  • Violin Concerto No. 1 in D major, Op. 19 (1917) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 1 in D major, Op. 25 “Classical” (1917) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 3 in C major, Op. 26 (1921) (orchestral music)
  • The Love for Three Oranges, Op. 33 (1921) (opera)
  • Lieutenant Kije, Op. 60 (1934) (film score/orchestral music)
  • Violin Concerto No. 2 in G minor, Op. 63 (1935) (orchestral music)
  • Romeo and Juliet, Op. 64 (1936) (ballet)
  • Peter and the Wolf, Op. 67 (1936) (orchestral music with narrator)
  • Piano Sonata No. 7 in B-flat major, Op. 83 (1942) (keyboard music)
  • Symphony No. 5 in B-flat major, Op. 100 (1944) (orchestral music)

PAUL HINDEMITH (1895-1963)
Birthplace: Hanau, Germany
Period/Style: Modern
Lists: 3

  • Viola Sonata, Op. 11, No. 4 (1919) (chamber music)
  • Kammermusik, No. 1, Op. 24, No. 1 (1921) (orchestral music)
  • Das Marianleben, Op. 27 (1923, rev. 1948) (song cycle)
  • Cardillac (1926) (opera)
  • Symphony “Mathis der Maler” (1934) (orchestral music)
  • Der Schwanendreher (1935) (viola concerto)
  • Mathis der Maler (1938) (opera)
  • Nobilissima visione (1938) (orchestral music)
  • Ludis tonalis (1942) (keyboard music)
  • Symphonic Metamorphosis on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber (1943) (orchestral music)
  • Requiem “When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d” (1946) (sacred vocal music)

GEORGE GERSHWIN (1898-1937)
Birthplace: New York City, New York, US
Period/Style: Modern/Jazz
Lists: 4

  • Rhapsody in Blue (1924) (piano concerto)
  • Piano Concerto in F major (1925) (piano concerto)
  • Three Preludes (1926) (keyboard music)
  • An American in Paris (1928) (orchestral music)
  • Porgy and Bess (1935) (opera)

AARON COPLAND (1900-1990)
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, US
Period/Style: Modern
Lists: 3

  • Piano Concerto (1926) (orchestral music)
  • El salón México (1936) (orchestral music)
  • Billy the Kid (1938) (ballet)
  • Rodeo (1942) (ballet)
  • Lincoln Portrait (1942) (orchestral music with narrator)
  • Fanfare for the Common Man (1942) (orchestral music)
  • Appalachian Spring (1944) (ballet)
  • Symphony No. 3 (1946) (orchestral music)
  • Clarinet Concerto (1948) (orchestral music)
  • Old American Songs, No. 2 (1952) (song cycle)

DMITRI SHOSTAKOVICH (1906-1975)
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Period/Style: Modern
Lists: 8

  • Symphony No. 1 in F minor, Op. 10 (1925) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 1 in C minor, Op. 35 (1933) (orchestral music)
  • Lady Macbeth of the Mtensk District (1934) (opera)
  • Symphony No. 4 in C minor, Op. 43 (1936) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 5 in D minor, Op. 47 (1937) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 6 in B minor, Op. 54 (1939) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 7 in C major, Op. 60 “Leningrad” (1941) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 8 in C minor, Op. 65 “Stalingrad” (1943) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 9 in E-flat major, Op. 70 (1945) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 3 in F major, Op. 73 (1946) (chamber music)
  • Violin Concerto No. 1 in A minor, Op. 77 (1948) (orchestral music)
  • 24 Preludes and Fugues for Piano, Op. 87 (1951) (keyboard music)
  • Symphony No. 10 in E minor, Op. 93 (1953) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 11 in G minor, Op. 103 “The Year 1905” (1957) (orchestral music)
  • Piano Concerto No. 2 in F major, Op. 102 (1957) (orchestral music)
  • Cello Concerto No. 1 in E-flat major, Op. 107 (1959) (orchestral music)
  • String Quartet No. 8 in C minor, Op. 110 (1960) (chamber music)
  • Symphony No. 13 in B-flat minor, Op. 113 “Babi Yar” (1962) (orchestral music)
  • Cello Concerto No. 2 in G major, Op. 126 (1966) (orchestral music)
  • Violin Concerto No. 2 in C-sharp minor, Op. 129 (1967) (orchestral music)
  • Symphony No. 14 in G minor, Op. 135 (1969) (orchestral music)

OLIVIER MESSIAEN (1908-1992)
Birthplace: Avignon, France
Period/Style: Modern
Lists: 4

  • La Nativité du Seigneur (1935) (keyboard music)
  • Quartet for the End of Time (1941) (chamber music)
  • Turangalîla Symphony (1948) (orchestral music)

SAMUEL BARBER (1910-1981)
Birthplace: West Chester, Pennsylvania, US
Period/Style: Modern
Lists: 3

  • Adagio for Strings (1936) (orchestral music)
  • Violin Concerto (1939) (orchestral music)
  • Knoxville: Summer of 1915 (1947) (orchestral music with voice)
  • Sonata for Piano (1949) (keyboard music)
  • Hermit Songs (1953) (song cycle)
  • Piano Concerto (1962) (orchestral music)

JOHN CAGE (1912-1992)
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, US
Period/Style: Avant-garde/Chance music
Lists: 3

  • First Construction (in Metal) (1939) (music for mixed ensemble)
  • Sonatas and Interludes for Prepared Piano (1948) (keyboard music)
  • String Quartet in Four Parts (1950) (chamber music)
  • Imaginary Landscape No. 4 (1951) (music for 24 performers & 12 radios)
  • Concerto for Prepared Piano and Chamber Orchestra (1951) (orchestral music)
  • Music of Changes (1951) (keyboard music)
  • 4’33” (1952) (conceptual art)
  • HPSCHD (1969) (amplified harpsichords and taped computer-generated music)
  • Cheap Imitation (1969) (keyboard music)
  • Etudes Australes (1975) (keyboard music)
  • Roaratorio, an Irish Circus on Finnegans Wake (1979) (chamber ensemble and spoken word)
  • Europeras 1 & 2 (1987) (opera with taped music)

BENJAMIN BRITTEN (1913-1976)
Birthplace: Lowestoft, England, UK
Period/Style: Modern
Lists: 3

  • Variations on a Theme of Frank Bridge, Op. 10 (1937) (orchestral music)
  • Sinfonia da requiem, Op. 20 (1940) (orchestral music)
  • A Ceremony of Carols, Op. 28 (1942) (music for voices and harp)
  • Serenade for Tenor, Horn and Strings, Op. 31 (1943) (song cycle)
  • Peter Grimes, Op. 33 (1945) (opera)
  • The Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra (Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Purcell), Op. 34 (1946) (orchestral music)
  • Billy Budd, Op. 50 (1951) (opera)
  • The Turn of the Screw, Op. 54 (1954) (opera)
  • A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Op. 64 (1960) (opera)
  • War Requiem, Op. 66 (1961) (sacred vocal music)
  • Death in Venice, Op. 88 (1973) (opera)

GYÖRGY LIGETI (1923-2006)
Birthplace: Dicsőszentmárton, Transylvania (now Romania)
Period/Style: Modern
Lists: 3

  • Musica ricerata (1953) (keyboard music)
  • Atmosphères (1961) (orchestral music)
  • Aventures (1962) (chamber music with voices)
  • Lux Aeterna (1966) (vocal music)
  • Le Grand Macabre (1977) (opera)
  • Études for piano, Books 1-3 (1985-2001) (keyboard music)

PHILIP GLASS (1937- )
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, US
Period/Style: Modern/Minimalism
Lists: 4

  • Einstein on the Beach (1976) (opera)
  • Glassworks (1982) (chamber music)
  • Koyaanisqatsi (1982) (film score)
  • Violin Concerto No. 1 (1987) (orchestral music)
  • Powaqqatsi (1988) (film score)
  • Metamorphosis I-V (1988) (keyboard music)
  • Symphony No. 1 “Low” (1992) (orchestral music)
  • The Hours (2002) (film score)