Great Authors and their Masterworks, Part 1: 850 BCE – 1870

Did you ever want to read an author’s work, but you didn’t know where to start?  Or maybe you’ve read something by an author and you want to know what to read next.  If so, this is the list for you.

To make the list found below (and Part 2), I have taken my ‘best literature of all time’ meta-list and organized it by author, in chronological order by author’s date of birth.  The meta-list is a compilation of over 20 different ‘best literature of all time’ lists I found in books, magazines and the Internet (the ‘original source lists’).  For each author, I have provided dates of birth and death, the author’s country of origin, and, if different, the country where they did most of their writing, and, where there is any chance of confusion, the language or languages that the author’s books were written in.  Below the author’s name, I have listed any works that were included on at least two of the original source lists.  They are organized by rating, with the work or works that were on the most original source lists first, down to the works on two lists, if any.  If there is more than one work with the same rating, they are organized in chronological order, from oldest to newest.  The entry for each work consists of: first, a number in parentheses indicating the number of original source lists this work was on; second, the main title of the book, in boldface, and an alternative title (if any) in parenthesis; third, the date the work was written and/or published; and fourth, the type or category of literature of the work.  (Note: In the case of plays, the date is usually the date the play was first performed.)

Although most of the works on the list are individual books, some are bodies of work, particularly an author’s entire output of poetry, short stories or other form.  To distinguish these from individual books, I have underlined and italicized the entries, and left the date of publication blank.  If a particular poem or short story has received special notice, I have indicated it in boldface.

This list includes authors who were born between 850 BCE and 1870 CE.  For authors born 1871 and after, see Great Authors and their Masterworks, Part 2: 1871-Present.

HOMER (c. 850–800 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(14)  The Iliad (c. 800 BCE) [poetry: epic]
(14)  The Odyssey (c. 800 BCE) [poetry: epic]
Statue of Homer outside Bavarian Museum in Munich.
A Greek statue of Homer from 460 BCE, now located outside the Bavarian Museum in Munich, Germany.

HESIOD (c. 750-650 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(3)  Theogony (700 BCE) [poetry]
(2)  Works and Days (700 BCE) [poetry]
A bust of Hesiod from the 2nd Century BCE.
A bust of Hesiod from the 2nd Century BCE.

SAPPHO (c. 630 – 570 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(4)  Poems
This bust of Sappho, now in the Musei Capitolini in Rome, is a Roman copy of a Greek original of the 5th century BC
Bust of Sappho. Roman copy of 5th Century BCE Greek original now in the Musei Capitolini in Rome.

AESOP (c. 620-584 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(4)  Fables (c. 600-560 BCE) [fiction: fables]
A cast of a bust of Aesop located in the Pushkin Museum.  The original marble statue, from 300-31 BCE, is in the Art Collection of Villa Albani in Rome.
A cast of a bust of Aesop located in the Pushkin Museum. The original marble statue, from 300-31 BCE, is in the Art Collection of Villa Albani in Rome.

LAOZI (Lao Tze) (c. 604 – ? BCE) [China]
(4)  Tao Te Ching (c. 624-604 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy/religion]Song Dynasty stone sculpture of Laozi at the foot of Mount Qingyuan (960-1279).
A stone sculpture of Laozi at the foot of Mount Qingyuan from the Song Dynasty (960-1279).

HERACLITUS (535-475 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(2)  Fragments (504-501 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
A bust of Heraclitus found at the Ancient Roman Villa dei papiri in Herculaneum.
A bust of Heraclitus found at the Ancient Roman Villa dei papiri in Herculaneum.

AESCHYLUS (525 – 455 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(10)  The Oresteia Trilogy: Agamemnon, The Libation Bearers, The Eumenides (458 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(5)  Prometheus Bound (c. 480-410 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Persians (472 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Suppliant Women (463 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(2)  Seven Against Thebes (467 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
A bust of Aeschylus, probably a Roman copy of a Greek original, now at the Capitoline Museums in Rome.
A bust of Aeschylus, probably a Roman copy of a Greek original, now at the Capitoline Museums in Rome.

SUN TZU (544-496 BCE) [China]
(2)  The Art of War (c. 500 BCE) [non-fiction: military treatise]
A statue of Sun Tzu in Yurihama, Tottori, Japan.
A statue of Sun Tzu in Yurihama, Tottori, Japan.

PINDAR (498-444 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(3)  Odes (498-444 BCE) [poetry]
A Roman copy of a 5th Century BCE Greek bust of Pindar, now located at the Museo Archeologica Nazionale in Naples.
A Roman copy of a 5th Century BCE Greek bust of Pindar, now located at the Museo Archeologica Nazionale in Naples.

SOPHOCLES (c. 497–405 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(13)  Oedipus Rex (c. 450 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(9)  Antigone (442-441 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(6)  Electra (418-414 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(5) Oedipus at Colonus (401 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Women of Trachis (c. 450 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Ajax (c. 447 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Philoctetes (409 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
Marble bust of Sophocles.  Roman copy of 4th Century BCE Greek original, now at the Museo Pio-Clementino in Rome.
Marble bust of Sophocles. Roman copy of 4th Century BCE Greek original, now at the Museo Pio-Clementino in Rome.

EMPEDOCLES (c. 490-430 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(2)  Extant Fragments (440-430 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
A late 15th Century engraving of Empedocles from the Nuremburg Chronicle.
A late 15th Century engraving of Empedocles from the Nuremburg Chronicle.

HERODOTUS (c. 484–425 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(8)  The Histories (441 BCE) [non-fiction: history]
Portrait of Herodotus, marble, Roman copy of an early 4th Century BCE Greek original.  Now in the National Museum of Rome.
Portrait of Herodotus, marble, Roman copy of an early 4th Century BCE Greek original. Now in the National Museum of Rome.

EURIPIDES (c. 480–406 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(12)  Medea (c. 431 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(7)  Bacchae (405 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(5)  Alcestis (438 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(5)  Electra (c. 420 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(5)  Trojan Women (415 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(4)  Hippolytus (c. 428 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Andromache (c. 425 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Hecuba (c. 424 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Heracles (c. 416 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Iphigenia in Tauris (414 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Ion (414 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Helen (412 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Orestes (408 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Iphigenia at Aulis (405 BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Cyclops (400? BCE) [drama: tragedy]
(2)  Heracleidae (430 BCE) [drama]
(2)  The Suppliants (423 BCE) [drama]
(2)  Phoenician Women (410 BCE) [drama]
(2)  Rhesus (c. 400s BCE) [drama]
Roman marble statue of Euripides, 2nd Century CE, now in the Louvre in Paris.
Roman marble statue of Euripides from the 2nd Century CE, now in the Louvre in Paris.

MOZI (c. 470-391 BCE) [China]
(2)  The Book of Mozi [non-fiction: philosophy/religious text]
A drawing of Mozi.
A drawing of Mozi.

THUCYDIDES (460–395 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(7)  The Peloponnesian War (c. 400 BCE) [non-fiction: history]
This bust of Thucydides is a Roman copy (c. 100 CE) of an early 4th Century BCE Greek original.  It is located in  Holkham Hall in Norfolk, UK.
This bust of Thucydides is a Roman copy (c. 100 CE) of an early 4th Century BCE Greek original. It is located in Holkham Hall in Norfolk, UK.

ARISTOPHANES (c. 446–386 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(8)  Lysistrata (411 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(7)  The Birds (c. 400 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(6)  The Clouds (423 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(5)  The Frogs (405 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(4)  The Knights (424 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(3)  The Wasps (422 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(3)  The Assemblywomen (392 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(2)  The Acharnians (425 BCE) [drama]
(2)  Thesmophoriazusae (411 BCE) [drama]
(2)  Wealth (Plutus) (388 BCE) [drama]
Marble bust of Aristophanes.
Marble bust of Aristophanes.

PLATO (424–347 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(7)  Apology (c. 399-387 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(6)  The Republic (c. 380 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(4)  Symposium (c. 380-360 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(3)  Crito (c. 399-387 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(3)  Meno (c. 387-380 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(3)  Phaedo (c. 380-360 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Charmides (c. 399-387 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Euthyphro (c. 399-387 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Ion (c. 399-387 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Laches (c. 399-387 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Lysis (c. 399-387 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Phaedrus (c. 360-355 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Parmenides (c. 360-355 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Theatetus (c. 360-355 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Euthydemus (c. 365-348 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Gorgias (c. 365-348 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Protagoras (c. 365-348 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Critias (c. 365-348 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Timaeus (c. 355-347 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Sophist (c. 355-347 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Statesman (c. 355-347 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Philebus (c. 355-347 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Laws (c. 355-347 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
Marble bust of Plato.
Marble bust of Plato.

CHANAKYA (c. 399–199 BCE?) [India] [Sanskrit?]
(2)  Arthashastra [non-fiction: political philosophy]
An artist's impression of Chanakya.
An artist’s imagining of Chanakya.

ARISTOTLE (384–322 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(7)  Poetics (c. 330 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy/criticism]
(5)  
Nicomachean Ethics (350 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(4)  
Physics (350 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(4)  Politics (350 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  
Rhetoric (350 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Metaphysics (c. 350 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  On the Soul (c. 350 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy]
This marble bust of Aristotle is a Roman copy of a Greek bronze original by Lysippos, c. 330 BCE.  The alabaster mantle is modern.
This marble bust of Aristotle is a Roman copy of a Greek bronze original by Lysippos, c. 330 BCE. The alabaster mantle is modern.

MENCIUS (372-289 BCE) [China]
(5)  The Book of Mencius (c. 309-289 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy/religious text]
A posthumous portrait of Mencius.
A posthumous portrait of Mencius.

ZHUANGZI (369-286 BCE) [China]
(4)  The Book of Zhuangzi (c. 306-286 BCE) [non-fiction: philosophy/religious text]
A posthumous portrait of Zhuangzi.
A posthumous portrait of Zhuangzi.

PATANJALI (c. 322-150 BCE) [India] [Sanskrit?]
(3)  Yoga Sutras [non-fiction: philosophy/religion]
An artist's imagining of Patanjali.
An artist’s imagining of Patanjali.

XUNZI (c. 313-238 BCE) [China]
(2)  The Book of Xunzi [non-fiction: philosophy/religion]
An artist's imagining of Xunxi.
An artist’s imagining of Xunxi.

VISHNU SHARMA (c. 300-200 BCE) [India] [Sanskrit]
(4)  The Panchatantra (c. 300-200 BCE) [fiction: fables]

THEOCRITUS (c. 300-200 BCE) [Ancient Greece/Italy] [Ancient Greek]
(2)  Idylls [poetry]

HAN FEI (c. 281-233 BCE) [China]
(3)  The Han Feizi (c. 240-233) [non-fiction: political philosophy]

PLAUTUS (c. 254–184 BCE) [Ancient Rome]
(4)  The Menaechmi (c. 254-184 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(3)  
Amphitryon (c. 220-184 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(3)  Pseudolus (c. 220-184 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(2)  
The Braggart Soldier (c. 220-184 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(2)  The Rope (c. 220-184 BCE) [drama: comedy]

APOLLONIUS OF RHODES (c. 250-200 BCE) [Ancient Greece]
(2)  Argonautica (Jason and the Argonauts) (c. 220 BCE) [poetry: epic]

TERENCE (195-159 BCE) [Ancient Rome]
(2)  The Brothers (160 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(2)  The Girl from Andros (c. 170-159 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(2)  The Eunuch (c. 170-159 BCE) [drama: comedy]
(2)  The Mother-in-Law (c. 170-159 BCE) [drama: comedy]

SIMA QIAN (c. 145-86 BCE) [China]
(5)  Records of the Grand Historian (Shi Ji) (109-91 BCE) [non-fiction: history]

MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO (106-43 BCE) [Ancient Rome] [Latin]
(2)  In Defense of Sextus Roscius of Ameria (Pro Roscio Amerino) (80 BCE) [non-fiction: speeches]
(2)  Against Gaius Verres, or The Verrine Orations (In Verrem) (70 BCE) [non-fiction: speeches]
(2)  
On behalf of Aulus Cluentius (Pro Cluentio) (66 BCE) [non-fiction: speeches]
(2)  Catiline Orations, or Against Catiline (In Catilinam I-IV)  (63 BCE) [non-fiction: speeches] (2)  In Defense of Lucius Licinius Murena (Pro Murena) (63 BCE) [non-fiction: speeches]
(2)  In Defense of Aulus Licinius Archias the poet (Pro Archia Poeta) (62 BCE) [non-fiction: speeches]
(2)  In Defense of Marcus Caelius Rufus (Pro Caelio) (56 BCE) [non-fiction: speeches]
(2)  Letters to his brother Quintus (Epistulae ad Quintum Fratrem) (59–54 BCE) [non-fiction: letters]
(2)  In Defense of Titus Annius Milo (Pro Milone) (52 BCE) [non-fiction: speeches]
(2)  The 14 Philippics against Mark Antony (Philippicae) (44 BCE) [non-fiction: speeches]
(2)  On the Gods (44 BCE) [non-fiction: speeches]
(2)  Letters to Brutus (Epistulae ad Brutum) (43 BCE) [non-fiction: letters]
(2)  Letters to Atticus (Epistulae ad Atticum) (68–43 BCE) [non-fiction: letters]
(2)  Letters to his friends (Epistulae ad Familiares) (62–43 BCE) [non-fiction: letters]

LUCRETIUS (c. 99–55 BCE) [Ancient Rome] [Latin]
(7)  On the Nature of Things (50 BCE) [poetry: philosophy]

CATULLUS (c. 84-54 BCE) [Ancient Rome]
(3)  Poems, incl. Attis (c. 65-54 BCE) [poetry]

VIRGIL (70–19 BCE) [Ancient Rome]
(11)  Aeneid (29-19 BCE) [poetry: epic]
(3)  
Eclogues (39-38 BCE) [poetry]
(2)  
Georgics (37-29 BCE) [poetry]

HORACE (65–8 BCE) [Ancient Rome]
(5)  Odes (65-8 BCE) [poetry: lyric]
(2)  
Satires (35-30 BCE) [poetry]

SEXTUS PROPERTIUS (c. 50-15 BCE) [Ancient Rome]
(2)  Elegies [poetry]

OVID (43 BCE – 18 CE) [Ancient Rome]
(8)  Metamorphoses (2-8) [poetry: narrative]
(3)  
The Art of Love (1) [poetry: relationship advice]

SENECA THE YOUNGER (4 BCE – 65 CE) [Ancient Rome]
(2)  Medea (c. 50-65) [drama]
(2)  Hercules Furens (c. 50-65) [drama]

PETRONIUS (27-66) [Ancient Rome]
(4)  Satyricon (c. 54-66) [fiction: novel]

LUCAN (39-65) [Ancient Rome]
(2)  On the Civil War (Pharsalia) (61-65) [poetry: epic]

PLUTARCH (46–120) [Ancient Rome]
(5)  Parallel Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans (100-125) [non-fiction: biography]

LONGINUS (50-100?) [Greece] [Ancient Greek]
(2)  On the Sublime [non-fiction: criticism]

EPICTETUS (55–135) [Greece] [Ancient Greek]
(2)  Discourses (c. 108) [non-fiction: philosophy]

TACITUS (56-117) [Ancient Rome]
(3)  
Annals (109) [non-fiction: history]
(2)  
Histories (100-110) [non-fiction: history]

SUETONIUS (69-122) [Ancient Rome]
(2)  Lives of the Caesars (121) [non-fiction: history/biography]

PLINY THE YOUNGER (c. 80-112) [Ancient Rome]
(2)  Letters [non-fiction]

JUVENAL (c. 98-138) [Ancient Rome]
3)  
Satires [poetry]

ŚŪDRAKA (100-200?) [India] [Sanskrit]
(2)  
The Little Clay Cart (c. 150?) [drama]

MARCUS AURELIUS (121–180) [Ancient Rome]
(5)  Meditations (c. 180) [non-fiction: essays/philosophy]

APULEIUS (125–180) [Ancient Rome/Algeria] [Latin]
(5)  The Golden Ass (c. 158-180) [fiction: novel]

LUCIAN (125-190?) [Ancient Greece//Syria] [Greek]
(3)  Satires [fiction]

PLOTINUS (c. 204–270 CE) [Greece] [Latin]
(2)  The Enneads (270) [non-fiction: philosophy]

KĀLIDĀSA (300-400?) [India] [Sanskrit]
(10)  The Recognition of Sakuntala (Abhijñānaśākuntalam) (c. 350?) [drama]
(2)  
The Cloud Messenger (Meghaduta) (c. 300-400) [poetry: epic]

AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO (354–430) [Algeria/Roman Empire] [Latin]
(9)  The Confessions (c. 400) [non-fiction: memoir]
(3)  
The City of God (426) [non-fiction: religion/philosophy]

TAO YUANMING (Tao Qian) (365-427) [China]
(3)  The Return [poetry]
(3)  Returning to the Farm to Dwell [poetry]
(3)  Begging for Food [poetry]
(3)  On Moving House [poetry]
(3)  In the Sixth Month of 408, Fire [poetry]
(3)  Twenty Poems after Drinking Wine [poetry]
(3)  On Reading the Seas and Mountain Classic [poetry]

BHARTRIHARI (c. 400-500?) [India] [Sanskrit]
(4)  The Three Centuries (Satakatraya) (c. 450-500) [poetry]

WANG WEI (699-759) [China]
(2)  Poems

LI BAI (Li Po) (701-762) [China]
(3)  Poems

DU FU (Tu Fu) (712-770) [China]
(3)  Poems

BAI JUYI (772–846) [China]
(2)  Poems

KUKAI (774-835) [Japan]
(3)  The Ten Stages of the Development of Mind (Jujushinron) (830) [non-fiction: philosophy/psychology]

FERDOWSI (940-1020) [Persia] [Persian]
(6)  The Book of Kings (Shahnameh) (1010) [poetry: epic]

SEI SHONAGON (966-1017) [Japan]
(5)  The Pillow Book (1002) [non-fiction/poetry]

SHIKIBU MURASAKI (973–1025) [Japan]
(11)  The Tale of Genji (c. 1021) [fiction: novel]

IBN HAZM (994-1064) [Spain] [Arabic]
(2)  The Ring of the Dove (Tawq al-hamāmah) (1022) [non-fiction: psychology]

SOMADEVA (c. 1000-1100?) [India] [Sanskrit]
(3)  The Ocean of Rivers of Story (Kathasaritsagara) (c. 1050-1080) [fiction: legends/folktales]

NIZAM AL-MULK (1018-1092) [Persia/Iran] [Persian]
(2)  The Book of Government (Siyasatnama) (c. 1070-1092) [non-fiction: political philosophy]

OMAR KHAYYAM (1048-1131) [Persia/Uzbekistan] [Persian]
(6)  The Rubaiyat (1100?) [poetry]

AL-HARIRI OF BASRA (1054-1122) [Iraq] [Arabic]
(3)  The Assemblies of al-Hariri (Maqamat al-Hariri) (c. 1100-1122) [poetry]

AL-GHAZALI (1058-1111) [Persia/Iran] [Arabic]
(3)  Deliverance from Error (Al-Munqidh min al-dalal) (c. 1100) [non-fiction: memoir/religion]

CHRÉTIEN DE TROYES (c. 1130-1190?) [France] [French]
(3)  Perceval, the Story of the Grail (1181-1190) [poetry]

ZHU XI (1130-1200) [China]
(3)  Commentary on the Four Books (Sishu Zhangju Jizhu) (c. 1180-1200) [non-fiction: religion/philosophy]

MAIMONIDES (1135-1204) [Spain, Morocco, Egypt] [Judeo-Arabic, Hebrew]
(2)  Guide for the Perplexed (c. 1190-1204) [non-fiction: philosophy/religion]

ATTAR OF NISHAPUR (Farid al-Din Attar) (1145-1221) [Persia] [Persian]
(4)  The Conference of the Birds (1177) [poetry]

MARIE DE FRANCE (c. 1150- c. 1200) [France, England] [Anglo-Norman French]
(2)  Lais of Marie de France (c. 1180-1199) [poetry]

GOTTFRIED VON STRASSBURG (1150? – c. 1210) [Germany]
(2)  Tristan (c. 1210) [fiction: romance]

KAMO NO CHŌMEI (1153–1216) [Japan]
(2)  An Account of My Hut (Hōjōki)  (1212) [non-fiction: memoir]

WOLFRAM VON ESCHENBACH (1170-1220) [Germany] [German]
(2)  Parzifal (1200-1220) [poetry: epic]

SNORRI STURLUSON (1179-1241) [Iceland]
(2)  The Prose Edda (1220) [non-fiction: myths/poetic forms]

SAADI SHIRAZI (Sadi) (1184-1283) [Persia] [Persian]
(2)  The Orchard (Bostan) (1257) [poetry]
(2)  The Rose Garden (Gulistan) (1258) [fiction/non-fiction: stories/memoirs]

JAYADEVA (c. 1200-1300?) [India] [Sanskrit]
(4)  Song of Govinda (Gita Govinda) (c. 1250?) [poetry: epic]

GUILLAUME DE LORRIS (1200-1240) [France] [French]
(3)  Romance of the Rose, Part One (1230) [poetry]

JALALU’L-DIN RUMI (1207-1273) [Persia, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan] [Persian]
(6)  The Masnavi (1258-1273) [poetry]
(2)  
Robais and Ghazals [poetry]

THOMAS AQUINAS (1225 –1274) [Italy] [Latin]
(2)  Summa Theologica (1265-1274) [non-fiction: religion]

JEAN DE MEUN (1240-1305) [France] [French]
(3)  Romance of the Rose, Part Two (1275) [poetry]

WANG SHIFU (1250-1307) [China]
(2)  The Story of the Western Wing (Xi Xiang Ji) (c. 1297-1307) [drama]

MARCO POLO (as told to Rustichello da Pisa) (1254-1324) [Italy] [Old French]
(2)  The Travels of Marco Polo (Il Milione) (c. 1300) [non-fiction: travel]

DANTE ALIGHIERI (1265-1321) [Italy] [Italian]
(14)  The Divine Comedy (1265-1321) [poetry: epic]
(3)  
The New Life (1295) [poetry/prose]

YOSHIDA KENKO (1283-1350?) [Japan]
(3)  Essays in Idleness (Tsurezuregusa) (1330-1332) [non-fiction: essays]

SHI NAI’AN (1296-1372) [China]
(4)  Water Margin (Outlaws of the Marsh) [fiction: novel]

IBN BATTUTA (1304-1368) [Morocco] [Arabic]
(2)  The Travels of Ibn Battuta (Rihla) (1355) [non-fiction: travel]

PETRARCH (1304-1374) [Italy] [Italian]
(4)  Lyric poems, incl. Sonnets

GIOVANNI BOCCACCIO (1313 – 1375) [Italy] [Italian]
(7)  The Decameron (1350-1353) [fiction: stories]

HAFEZ (1326-1390) [Persia/Iran] [Persian]
(4)  Poems

LUO GUANZHONG (1330-1400) [China]
(2)  Romance of the Three Kingdoms (c. 1380-1400) [fiction: novel]

IBN KHALDUN (1332-1406) [Tunisia, Spain, Egypt] [Arabic]
(3)  Muqaddimah (1377) [non-fiction: history]
(2)  
Kitābu al-ibār (c. 1390-1406) [non-fiction: history]

GEOFFREY CHAUCER (c. 1343–1400) [England] [Middle English]
(12)  The Canterbury Tales (c. 1343-1400) [fiction/poetry: stories/poems]
(4)  
Troilus and Criseyde (c. 1385) [poetry]

CHRISTINE DE PISAN (1363–1430) [Italy] [French]
(2)  The Book of the City of Ladies (1405) [non-fiction: sociology]

ZEAMI MOTOKIYO (1363-1443) [Japan]
(3)  Atsumori [drama]
(2)  
The Well Curb (Izutsu) [drama]

THOMAS MALORY (1405–1471) [UK] [English]
(5)  Le Morte D’Arthur (1485) [fiction: tales]

FRANÇOIS VILLON (1431-1463) [France] [French]
(2)  Poems

DIEGO DE SAN PEDRO (1437-1498) [Spain] [Spanish]
(2)  Prison of Love (1492) [fiction: romance]

MATTEO MARIA BOIARDO (1440-1494) [Italy]
(2)  Orlando Innamorato (1482?) [poetry]

KABIR (1440–1518) [India] [Hindi]
(2)  Poems

LEONARDO DA VINCI (1452–1519) [Italy]
(2)  Notebooks (1476-1513) [non-fiction: notebooks]

FERNANDO DE ROJAS (1465-1541) [Spain]
(3)  The Spanish Bawd (La Celestina) (1499) [drama]

ERASMUS (1466–1536) [The Netherlands] [Latin]
(6)  Praise of Folly (1511) [non-fiction: essay]

NICCOLÒ MACHIAVELLI (1469–1527) [Italy] [Italian]
(9)  The Prince (1513) [non-fiction: political philosophy]
(2)  
The Mandrake, a Comedy (1518) [drama]

LUDOVICO ARIOSTO (1474-1533) [Italy]
(4)  Orlando Furioso (1532) [poetry: epic]

MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI (1475-1564) [Italy]
(3)  Sonnets andMadrigals [poetry]

BALDASSARE CASTIGLIONE (1478-1529) [Italy]
(4)  The Book of the Courtier (1528) [fiction: manners]

THOMAS MORE (1478–1535) [UK]
(5)  Utopia (1516) [fiction: philosophical]

FUŻŪLĪ (1483-1556) [Turkey] [Azerbaijani Turkic, Persian, and Arabic]
(3)  Epic of Layla and Majnun (Dâstân-ı Leylî vü Mecnun) (c. 1540-1556) [poetry: epic]

BARTOLOME DE LAS CASAS (1484-1566) [Spain]
(2)  A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (1542) [non-fiction: history]

MARGUERITE DE NAVARRE (1492-1549) [France]
(3)  The Heptameron (1558) [fiction: short stories]

FRANÇOIS RABELAIS (c. 1494–1553) [France]
(10)  Gargantua and Pantagruel (1532-1534) [fiction: novels]

BERNARDINO DE SAHAGÚN (1499-1590) [New Spain]
(2)  The General History of the Things of New Spain (The Florentine Codex) (1545-1590) [non-fiction: history]

BENVENUTO CELLINI (1500-1571) [Italy]
(2)  Autobiography (1558-1563) [non-fiction: memoir]

WU CHENG’EN (1500-1582) [China]
(5)  Journey to the West (Monkey) (c. 1540-1560) [fiction: novel]

THOMAS WYATT (1503-1542) [UK]
(2)  Poems

GIORGIO VASARI (1511–1574) [Italy]
(4)  Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects (1550) [non-fiction: biography]

TERESA OF ÁVILA (1515-1582) [Spain]
(2)  The Life of Teresa of Jesus (1565) [non-fiction: memoir]

LUÍS VAZ DE CAMÕES (1524-1580) [Portugal]
(3)  The Lusiads (1572) [poetry: epic]

MICHEL DE MONTAIGNE (1533–1592) [France]
(10)  Essays (1580) [non-fiction: essays]

JOHN OF THE CROSS (1542-1591) [Spain]
(2)  Poems

TORQUATO TASSO (1544-1595) [Italy]
(3)  Jerusalem Delivered (1581) [poetry]

MIGUEL DE CERVANTES (1547–1616) [Spain]
(14)  Don Quixote, Part 1 (1605) [fiction: novel]
(14)  Don Quixote, Part 2 (1615) [fiction: novel]

TANG XIANZU (1550-1616) [China]
(2)  The Peony Pavilion (c. 1600-1601) [drama]

LANLING XIAOXIAO SHENG (c. 1550-1620?) [China]
(4)  The Plum in the Golden Vase (Jin Ping Mei) (c. 1600?) [fiction: novel]

EDMUND SPENSER (1552–1599) [UK]
(3)  The Faerie Queene (1590, 1596) [poetry: epic]
(2)  
The Minor Poems (c. 1590s) [poetry]

PHILIP SYDNEY (1554-1586) [UK]
(3)  Astrophel and Stella (c. 1580s) [poetry]
(2)  
The Countess of Pembroke’s Arcadia (c. 1580s) [fiction: romance]

WALTER RALEIGH (1554-1618) [UK]
(2)  Poems

THOMAS KYD
(1558-1594) [UK]
(3)  The Spanish Tragedy (1582-1592) [drama: tragedy]

FRANCIS BACON (1561–1626) [UK]
(3)  Essays (1597) [non-fiction: essays]
(3)  The Advancement of Learning (1605) [non-fiction: education/science]
(3)  New Atlantis (1623) [fiction: philosophical/allegorical]
(2)  
Novum Organum (1620) [non-fiction: science]

LOPE DE VEGA (1562-1635) [Spain]
(5)  Lost in a Mirror (Fuente Ovejuna) (1619) [drama]
(2)  
The Knight of Olmedo (1622) [drama]
(2)  La Dorotea (1632) [fiction: novel]

CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE (1564–1593) [UK]
(5)  Doctor Faustus (1588) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  
Tamburlaine, Pts. 1 and 2 (1587-1588) [drama]
(3)  The Jew of Malta (c. 1589) [drama: tragedy]
(3)  Edward II (1592) [drama]
(2)  
Dido, Queen of Carthage (c. 1586) [drama]
(2)  The Massacre at Paris (c. 1593) [drama]
(2)  Poems

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (1564–1616) [UK]
(11)  Hamlet (1600) [drama: tragedy]
(10)  
King Lear (1605) [drama: tragedy]
(9)  
A Midsummer Night’s Dream (1594-95) [drama: comedy]
(9)  Othello (1604) [drama: tragedy]
(7)  
Richard III (1592-93) [drama: history]
(7)  Romeo and Juliet (1594) [drama: tragedy]
(7)  Merchant of Venice (1596) [drama: tragicomedy]
(7)  Julius Caesar (1599) [drama: tragedy]
(7)  Macbeth (1605) [drama: tragedy]
(7)  Sonnets [poetry]
(6)
 Henry IV, Parts I and II (1597) [drama: history]
(6)  Twelfth Night (1599) [drama: comedy]
(6)  As You Like It (1599) [drama: comedy]
(6)  Measure for Measure (1604) [drama: comedy]
(6)  Antony and Cleopatra (1606) [drama: tragedy]
(6)  The Tempest (1611) [drama: romance]
(5)  
A Comedy of Errors (1589) [drama: comedy]
(5)  The Taming of the Shrew (1594) [drama: comedy]
(5)  Two Gentlemen of Verona (1594) [drama: comedy]
(5)  Richard II (1595) [drama: history]
(5)  Much Ado about Nothing (1598) [drama: comedy]
(5)  Henry V (1598) [drama: history]
(5)  All’s Well That Ends Well (1602) [drama: comedy]
(5)  The Winter’s Tale (1610) [drama: romance]
(4)  Coriolanus (1607) [drama: tragedy]
(2)  
Love’s Labour’s Lost (1595) [drama]
(2)  The Merry Wives of Windsor (1598) [drama]

GALILEO GALILEI (1564-1642) [Italy]
(2)  Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (1632) [non-fiction: science]

THOMAS NASHE (1567 – 1601) [UK]
(2)  The Unfortunate Traveller (1594) [fiction: novel]

JOHN DONNE (1572 – 1631) [UK]
(6)  Poems

BEN JONSON (1572–1637) [UK]
(5)  Volpone (c. 1607) [drama]
(4)  
The Alchemist (1612) [drama]
(3)  Poems
(2)  Every Man out of His Humour (1600) [drama]
(2)  Every Man In His Humour (1601) [drama]
(2)  Cynthia’s Revels (1601) [drama]
(2)  The Poetaster (1602) [drama]
(2)  Sejanus His Fall (1605) [drama]
(2)  Eastward Ho (1605) [drama]
(2)  The Case is Altered (ca. 1609) [drama]
(2)  Catiline His Conspiracy (1611) [drama]
(2)  Epicoene, or the Silent Woman (1616) [drama]
(2)  Bartholomew Fair (1631) [drama]
(2)  The Devil is an Ass (1631) [drama]
(2)  The Staple of News (1631) [drama]
(2)  The New Inn, or The Light Heart (1631) [drama]
(2)  The Magnetic Lady, or Humors Reconciled (1641) [drama]

CYRIL TOURNEUR (1575–1626) [UK]
(2)  The Revenger’s Tragedy (1607) [drama: tragedy]

ROBERT BURTON (1577–1640) [UK]
(2)  The Anatomy of Melancholy (1621) [non-fiction: science/philosophy]

TIRSO DE MOLINA (1579-1648) [Spain]
(2)  The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest (1630) [drama]

THOMAS MIDDLETON (1580-1627) and WILLIAM ROWLEY (1585-1626) [UK]
(2)  
The Changeling (1653) [drama]

JOHN WEBSTER (1580–1634) [UK]
(3)  The Duchess of Malfi (1614) [drama]

FRANCISCO DE QUEVEDO (1580-1645) [Spain]
(2)  Visions (1627) [fiction: stories]

JOHN FORD (1586–1639) [UK]
(3)  ‘Tis Pity She’s a Whore (1633) [drama]

THOMAS HOBBES (1588–1679) [UK]
(5)  Leviathan (1651) [non-fiction: philosophy]

ROBERT HERRICK (1591-1674) [UK]
(3)  Poems

GEORGE HERBERT (1593-1633) [UK]
(2)  A Priest to the Temple [non-fiction: advice]

RENÉ DESCARTES (1596–1650) [France]
(4)  Discourse on Method (1637) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(4)  Meditations on First Philosophy (1641) [non-fiction: philosophy]

PEDRO CALDERÓN DE LA BARCA (1600–1681) [Spain]
(4)  Life is a Dream (1629-1635) [drama: allegory]
(2)  
The Mayor of Zalamea (1651) [drama]

PIERRE CORNEILLE (1606–1684) [France]
(4)  The Cid (1637) [drama]
(2)  
Horace (1640) [drama]
(2)  Polyeucte (1642) [drama]
(2)  Cinna (1643) [drama]
(2)  Rodogune (1644) [drama]
(2)  Nicomede (1651) [drama]

JOHN MILTON (1608–1674) [UK]
(10)  Paradise Lost (1667) [poetry: epic]
(5)  Paradise Regained (1671) [poetry]
(4)  
Areopagitica (1644) [non-fiction: political tract]
(4)  Samson Agonistes (1671) [drama: closet]
(4)  Minor Poems (1608-1674) [poetry]
(3)  
Lycidas (1637) [poetry]
(2)  
On the Morning of Christ’s Nativity (1629) [poetry]
(2)  Comus (1638) [drama]

FRANÇOIS DE LA ROCHEFOUCAULD (1613-1680) [France]
(3)  Maxims (1680) [non-fiction: sayings]

ANDREW MARVELL (1621-1678) [UK]
(3)  Poems

JEAN DE LA FONTAINE (1621-1695) [France]
(4)  Fables (1668-1671) [fiction: stories]

MOLIÈRE (1622–1673) [France]
(9)  Tartuffe (1669) [drama: comedy]
(6)  
The Misanthrope (1666) [drama: comedy]
(6)  The Miser (1668) [drama: comedy]
(5)  
The Would-Be Gentleman (1655) [drama: comedy]
(5)  The School for Wives (1662) [drama: comedy]
(4)  Don Juan (1665) [drama: comedy]
(4)  The Imaginary Invalid (1673) [drama: comedy]
(3)  
Ridiculous Precieuses (1659) (drama: comedy]
(3)  School for Husbands (1661) (drama: comedy]
(3)  The Physician in Spite of Himself (1666) [drama: comedy]
(3)  The Learned Ladies (1672) [drama: comedy]

BLAISE PASCAL (1623-1662) [France]
(4)  Pensées (1669) [non-fiction: essays]
(2)  
Provincial Letters (1656-1657) [non-fiction: letters]

JOHN BUNYAN (1628-1688) [UK]
(6)  The Pilgrim’s Progress (1679) [fiction: religious allegory]

JOHN DRYDEN (1631-1700) [UK]
(3)  All For Love (1678) [drama]

BENEDICT DE SPINOZA (1632-1677) [The Netherlands]
(3)  Ethics (1677) [non-fiction: philosophy]

JOHN LOCKE (1632-1704) [UK]
(3)  Two Treatises of Government (1689) [non-fiction: political philosophy]
(2)  
A Letter Concerning Toleration (1689) [non-fiction: political philosophy]
(2)  The True End of Civil Government (1690) [non-fiction: political philosophy]
(2)  An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690) [non-fiction: philosophy]

SAMUEL PEPYS (1633-1703) [UK]
(2)  The Diaries of Samuel Pepys (pub. 1825) [non-fiction: journals]

MADAME DE LA FAYETTE (1634-1693) [France]
(3)  The Princess of Cleves (1678) [fiction: novel]

GEORGE ETHEREGE (1636-1692) [UK]
(2)  The Man of Mode (1676) [drama]

JEAN RACINE (1639–1699) [France]
(6)  Phaedra (1677) [drama]
(3)  
Andromache (1667) [drama]

APHRA BEHN (1640-1689) [UK]
(2)  
Oroonoko (1688) [fiction: novel]

WILLIAM WYCHERLEY (1640-1715) [UK]
(3)  The Country Wife (1675) [drama: comedy]
(3)  The Plain Dealer (1676) [drama: comedy]

MATSUO BASHO (1644-1694) [Japan]
(7)  The Narrow Road to the Interior (Oku no Hosomichi) (1694) [non-fiction: travel/prose/poetry]
(4)  
The Seashell Game (Kai Ōi) (1672) [poetry/non-fiction: anthology/commentary]
(4)  Shriveled Chestnuts (Minashiguri) (1683) [poetry: anthology]
(4)  Record of a Weather-Exposed Skeleton (Nozarashi Kikō) (1684) [non-fiction: travel]
(4)  Winter Days (Fuyu no Hi) (1684) [poetry]
(4)  Spring Days (Haru no Hi) (1686) [poetry]
(4)  A Visit to Kashima Shrine (Kashima Kikō) (1687) [non-fiction: travel]
(4)  Record of a Travel-Worn Satchel (Oi no Kobumi, or Utatsu Kikō) (1688) [non-fiction: travel]
(4)  A Visit to Sarashina Village (Sarashina Kikō) (1688) [non-fiction: travel]
(4)  Wasteland (Arano) (1689) [poetry]
(4)  The Gourd (Hisago) (1690) [poetry]
(4)  The Monkey’s Raincoat (Sarumino) (1691) [poetry]
(4)  Saga Diary (Saga Nikki) (1691) [non-fiction: memoir/travel]
(4)  On Transplanting the Banana Tree (Bashō no Utsusu Kotoba) (1691) [poetry]
(4)  On Seclusion (Heikan no Setsu) (1692) [poetry?]
(4)  A Sack of Charcoal (Sumidawara) (1694) [poetry]
(4)  The Detached Room (Betsuzashiki) (1694) [poetry?]
(4)  The Monkey’s Raincoat, Continued (Zoku Sarumino) (1698) [poetry]

JUANA INÉS DE LA CRUZ (1651-1695) [Colonial Mexico]
(2)  Poems

CHIKAMATSU MONZAEMON (1653-1725) [Japan]
(4)  The Love Suicides at Sonezaki (1703) [drama]

DANIEL DEFOE (1659-1731) [UK]
(6)  Robinson Crusoe (1719) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
Moll Flanders (1722) [fiction: novel]

JONATHAN SWIFT (1667-1745) [Ireland, UK]
(12)  Gulliver’s Travels (1726) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
A Tale of a Tub (1704) [fiction: satire]
(2)  A Modest Proposal (1729) [fiction: satire]

GIAMBATTISTA VICO (1668-1744) [Italy]
(2)  Principles of a New Science (1725) (non-fiction: science)

WILLIAM CONGREVE (1670-1729) [UK]
(5)  The Way of the World (1700) [drama: comedy]
(3)  
Love for Love (1695) [drama: comedy]

GEORGE FARQUHAR (1677-1707) [Ireland]
(2)  The Beaux’ Strategem (1707) [drama: comedy]

JOHN GAY (1685-1732) [UK]
(3)  The Beggar’s Opera (1728) [drama: ballad opera]

ALEXANDER POPE (1688-1744) [UK]
(3)  Poems

SAMUEL RICHARDSON (1689-1761) [UK]
(4)  Pamela (1740) [fiction: novel]
(4)  Clarissa (1748) [fiction: novel]

MONTESQUIEU (1689 –1755) [France]
(2)  The Spirit of the Laws (1748) [non-fiction: political philosophy]

TAKEDA IZUMO (II) (1691-1756) [Japan]
(3)  The Treasury of Loyal Retainers (Kanadehon Chushingura) (c. 1748) [drama]

VOLTAIRE (1694-1778) [France]
(7)  Candide (1759) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Letters Concerning the English Nation (1734) [non-fiction: letters/essays]
(2)  Zadig (1747) [fiction: novel]

ABBÉ PRÉVOST (1697-1763) [France]
(3)  Manon Lescaut (1731) [fiction: novel]

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1706-1790) [US]
(3)  The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin (1791) [non-fiction: memoir]

HENRY FIELDING (1707-1754) [UK]
(7)  The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling (1749) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
Joseph Andrews (1742) [fiction: novel]

CARLO GOLDONI (1707-1793) [Italy]
(2)  The Servant of Two Masters (1743) [drama: comedy]

SAMUEL JOHNSON (1709-1784) [UK]
(4)  The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abissinia (1759) [fiction: novella]
(2)  
Life of Mr Richard Savage (1744) [non-fiction: biography]
(2)  The Lives of the Poets (1781) [non-fiction: biography]

DAVID HUME (1711-1776) [UK: Scotland]
(3)  Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (1779) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748) [non-fiction: philosophy]

JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU  (1712-1778) [Switzerland, France]
(6)  Confessions (1781) [non-fiction: memoir]
(4)  
The Social Contract (1762) [non-fiction: political philosophy]
(3)  
Émile, or On Education (1762) [non-fiction: education]
(2)  
Discourse on Inequality (1754) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Julie, or La Nouvelle Héloïse (1761) [fiction: novel]
(2)  Reveries of a Solitary Walker (1776-1778) [non-fiction: memoir]

LAURENCE STERNE (1713-1768) [Ireland, UK]
(9)  The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman (1759) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy (1768) [fiction: novel]

DENIS DIDEROT (1713-1784) [France]
(5)  Jacques the Fatalist (1771-1778) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
Rameau’s Nephew (1761-1772) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  The Nun (1796) [fiction: novel]

CAO XUEQIN (1715-1764) [China]
(8)  Dream of the Red Chamber (The Story of the Stone) (1763-1764) [fiction: novel]

HORACE WALPOLE (1717-1797) [UK]
(2)  
The Castle of Otranto (1765) [fiction: novel]

TOBIAS SMOLLETT (1721-1771) [UK: Scotland]
(4)  The Expedition of Humphry Clinker (1771) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
The Adventures of Roderick Random (1748) [fiction: novel]
(2)  The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle (1751) [fiction: novel]

IMMANUEL KANT (1724-1804) [Germany]
(3)  Critique of Pure Reason (1781) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  
Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Critique of Practical Reason (1788) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Critique of Judgement (1790) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Metaphysics of Morals (1797) [non-fiction: philosophy]

GOTTHOLD LESSING (1729-1781) [Germany]
(2)  
Nathan the Wise (1766) [drama]

OLIVER GOLDSMITH (1730-1774) [Ireland, UK]
(6)  She Stoops to Conquer (1773) [drama: comedy]
(5)  
The Vicar of Wakefield (1766) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
The Deserted Village (1770) [poetry]

PIERRE BEAUMARCHAIS (1732-1784) [France]
(3)  The Marriage of Figaro (1784) [drama]
(2)  
The Barber of Seville (1773) [drama]

EDWARD GIBBON (1737-1794) [UK]
(6)  The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776-1788) [non-fiction: history]

THOMAS PAINE (1737-1809) [UK, Colonial America]
(3)  The Rights of Man (1791) [non-fiction: political philosophy]

JAMES BOSWELL (1740-1795) [UK: Scotland]
(8)  The Life of Samuel Johnson (1791) [non-fiction: biography]

PIERRE CHODERLOS DE LACLOS (1741-1803) [France]
(5)  Dangerous Liaisons (1782) [fiction: novel]

JOHANN WYSS (1743-1818) [Switzerland]
(2)  Swiss Family Robinson (1812) [fiction: children's literature]

THOMAS JEFFERSON (1743-1826) [US]
(3)  The Declaration of Independence (1776) [non-fiction: political document]

VITTORIO ALFIERI (1749-1803) [Italy]
(2)  Saul (1782) [drama]

JOHANN WOLFGANG VON GOETHE (1749-1832) [Germany]
(10)  Faust, Part One (1808) [drama]
(10)  Faust, Part Two (1832) [drama]
(4)  
Poems
(3)  The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774) [fiction: novel]
(3)  Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship (1796) [fiction: novel]
(2)  Elective Affinities (1809) [fiction: novel]
(2)  From My Life: Poetry and Truth (1811-1830) [non-fiction: memoir]

RICHARD BRINSLEY SHERIDAN (1751-1816) [Ireland, UK]
(5)  The School for Scandal (1777) [drama: comedy]
(3)  
The Rivals (1775) [drama: comedy]

JAMES MADISON (1751-1836), ALEXANDER HAMILTON (1755-1804) and JOHN JAY (1745-1829) [US]
(3)  The Federalist Papers (1787-1788) [non-fiction: political philosophy]

FANNY BURNEY (1752-1840) [UK]
(3)  Evelina (1778) [fiction: novel]

WILLIAM BLAKE (1757-1827) [UK]
(8)  Songs of Innocence (1789) [poetry]
(8)  Songs of Experience (1794) [poetry]
(3)  
Poetical Sketches (1783) [poetry/prose]
(3)  The Marriage of Heaven and Hell (1790-1793) [poetry/prose]
(2)  
An Island in the Moon (1784-1785) [fiction: satire]
(2)  
There Is No Natural Religion (c. 1788) [non-fiction: philosophy/religion]
(2)  
All Religions Are One (c. 1788) [non-fiction: philosophy/religion]
(2)  
Tiriel (1789) [poetry]
(2)  
The Book of Thel (1789) [poetry]
(2)  
The French Revolution (1791) [poetry]
(2)  
A Song of Liberty (1792) [poetry?]
(2)  
Visions of the Daughters of Albion (1793) [poetry]
(2)  
America A Prophecy (1793) [non-fiction/mythology/poetry]
(2)  Europe A Prophecy (1794) [non-fiction/mythology/poetry]
(2)  
The First Book of Urizen (1794) [mythology/poetry]
(2)  
Continental Prophecies (1793-1795) [mythology/poetry]
(2)  
The Book of Los (1795) [mythology/poetry]
(2)  
The Song of Los (1795) [poetry: mythology]
(2)  
The Book of Ahania (1795) [mythology/poetry]
(2)  
The Four Zoas (1797) [poetry: mythology]
(2)  
Milton a Poem (c. 1804-1811) [poetry: mythology]
(2)  
Jerusalem The Emanation of the Giant Albion (1804-1820) [poetry: mythology]

FRIEDRICH SCHILLER (1759-1805) [Germany]
(2)  The Robbers (1781) [drama]
(2)  Don Carlos (1787) [drama]
(2)  William Tell (1804) [drama]

MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT (1759-1797) [UK]
(3)  The Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792) [non-fiction: political philosophy]

ROBERT BURNS (1759-1796) [UK: Scotland]
(4)  Poems

ANN RADCLIFFE (1764-1823) [UK]
(2)  The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794) [fiction: novel]

FRANÇOIS-RENÉ DE CHATEAUBRIAND (1768-1848) [France]
(2)  René (1802) [fiction: novella]

MARIA EDGEWORTH (1768-1849) [Ireland]
(3)  Castle Rackrent (1800) [fiction: novel]

GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH HEGEL  (1770-1831) [Germany]
(2)  Phenomenology of Mind (1807) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Philosophy of Right (1821) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Philosophy of History (1820s) [non-fiction: philosophy]

JAMES HOGG (1770-1835) [UK: Scotland]
(2)  The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner (1824) [fiction: novel]

FRIEDRICH HÖLDERLIN (1770-1843) [Germany]
(4)  Poems
(3)  
Hymns [poetry]
(3)  Fragments [poetry]

WILLIAM WORDSWORTH (1770-1850) [UK]
(5)  Poems
(4)  The Prelude (1850) [poetry: epic]

WALTER SCOTT (1771-1832) [UK: Scotland]
(3)  Waverley (1814) [fiction: novel]
(3)  Ivanhoe (1820) [fiction: novel]

DOROTHY WORDSWORTH (1771-1855) [UK]
(2)  The Grasmere Journal (pub. 1897) [non-fiction: journal]

SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE (1772-1834) [UK]
(6)  Poems
(4)  Prose [non-fiction: essays]

JANE AUSTEN (1775-1817) [UK]
(12)  Pride and Prejudice (1815) [fiction: novel]
(6)  
Emma (1815) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
Sense and Sensibility (1811) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
Mansfield Park (1814) [fiction: novel]
(3)  Persuasion (1818) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Northanger Abbey (1818) [fiction: novel]

CHARLES LAMB (1775-1834) [UK]
(2)  Essays (1808-1833) [non-fiction: essays]

E.T.A. Hoffman (1776-1822) [Germany]
(2)  
The Devil’s Elixir (1815) [fiction: novel]

HEINRICH VON KLEIST (1777-1811) [Germany]
(4)  Stories (1810-1811) [fiction: stories]
(3)  
Prince of Homburg (1821) [drama]
(2)  
Amphitryon (1808) [drama]
(2)  The Broken Jug (1808) [drama]
(2)  The Tragedy of Robert Guiscard (1821) [drama]

CHARLES MATURIN (1782-1824) [Ireland]
(2)  Melmoth the Wanderer (1820) [fiction: novel]

STENDHAL (1783-1842) [France]
(10)  The Red and the Black (1830) [fiction: novel]
(6)  
The Charterhouse of Parma (1839) [fiction: novel]

WASHINGTON IRVING (1783-1859) [US]
(2)  The Sketch Book (1819-1820) [fiction/non-fiction: stories/essays]

THOMAS DE QUINCEY (1785-1859) [UK]
(2)  Confessions of an English Opium Eater (1821) [non-fiction: memoir]

THOMAS LOVE PEACOCK (1785-1866) [UK]
(2)  
Nightmare Abbey (1818) [fiction: novel]

ALESSANDRO MANZONI (1785-1873) [Italy]
(5)  The Betrothed (1827) [fiction: novel]

JACOB GRIMM (1785-1863) [Germany] and WILHELM GRIMM (1786-1859) [Germany]
(3)  Fairy Tales (1812-1857) [fiction: children’s stories]

LORD BYRON (1788-1824) [UK]
(3)  
Poems
(2)  Don Juan (1819-1824) [poetry]

ARTHUR SCHOPENHAUER (1788 –1860) [Germany]
(2)  Essays and Aphorisms

JAMES FENIMORE COOPER (1789-1851) [US]
(3)  
The Last of the Mohicans (1826) [fiction: novel]
(2)  The Deerslayer (1841) [fiction: novel]

GIUSEPPE GIOACCHINO BELLI (1791-1863) [Italy]
(2)  
Roman Sonnets (1830-1839) [poetry]

PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY (1792-1822) [UK]
(3)  
Poems
(2)  
A Defense of Poetry (1821) [non-fiction: criticism]

WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT (1794-1878) [US]
(2)  
Poems

JOHN KEATS (1795- 1821) [UK]
(6)  
Poems

MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT SHELLEY (1797-1851) [UK]
(6)  Frankenstein (1818) [fiction: novel]

HEINRICH HEINE (1797-1856) [Germany]
(2)  
Poems

ALFRED DE VIGNY (1797-1863) [France]
(2)  
Chatterton (1835) [drama]

MIRZA GHALIB (1797-1869) [India] [Urdu, Persian]
(2)  
Poems (Divan)

GIACOMO LEOPARDI (1798-1837) [Italy]
(7)  Poems, incl. The Canti

ALEXANDER PUSHKIN (1799-1837) [Russia]
(4)  
Tales
(3)  
Boris Godunov (1825) [drama]
(2)  
Eugene Onegin (1833) [fiction: novel]
(2)  Poems

HONORÉ DE BALZAC (1799-1850) [France]
(9)  Le Père Goriot (1835) [fiction: novel]
(8)  
Cousin Bette (1846) [fiction: novel]
(6)  
Eugénie Grandet (1833) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
A Harlot High and Low (1847) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
The Wild Ass’s Skin (1831) [fiction: novel]
(3)  Louis Lambert (1832) [fiction: novel]
(3)  The Girl with the Golden Eyes (1833) [fiction: novel]
(3)  Ursule Mirouët (1841) (1841) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Lost Illusions (1837-1843) [fiction: novels]

ALEXANDRE DUMAS (1802-1870) [France]
(6)  The Count of Monte-Cristo (1846) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
The Three Musketeers (1844) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Marguerite de Valois (La Reine Margot) (1845) [fiction: novel]

VICTOR HUGO (1802-1885) [France]
(7)  Les Misérables (1862) [fiction: novel]
(6)  
The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Notre-Dame of Paris) (1831) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
The End of Satan (Et nox facta es) (1886) [poetry]

RALPH WALDO EMERSON (1803-1882) [US]
(4)  
Essays, 1st Series (1841) [non-fiction: essays]
(4)  Essays, 2nd Series (1844) [non-fiction: essays]
(4)  Representative Men (1850) [non-fiction: essays]
(4)  Poems
(3)  Nature (1849) [non-fiction: essays]
(2)  
The Conduct of Life (1860) [non-fiction: essays]

NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE (1804-1864) [US]
(6)  The Scarlet Letter (1850) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
Tales and Sketches (1837-1864) [fiction: stories]
(2)  
The House of Seven Gables (1851) [fiction: novel]
(2)  The Marble Faun (1860) [fiction: novel]
(2)  Young Goodman Brown (1835) [fiction: short story]

GEORGE SAND (1804-1876) [France]
(2)  
The Haunted Pool (La Mare au diable) (1846) [fiction: novel]

ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE (1805-1859) [France]
(4)  
Democracy in America (1835-40) [non-fiction: sociology/political science]

HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN (1805-1875) [Denmark]
(4)  
Fairy Tales and Stories (1822-1872) [fiction: children’s literature]

JOHN STUART MILL (1806-1873) [UK]
(5)  
On Liberty (1859) [non-fiction: political philosophy]
(2)  
Considerations on Representative Government (1861) [non-fiction: political philosophy]
(2)  Utilitarianism (1863) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Autobiography (1873) [non-fiction: memoir]

HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW (1807-1882) [US]
(2)  
Poems

EDGAR ALLAN POE (1809-1849) [US]
(9)  
Tales
(5)  
Poems
(2)  
The Murders in the Rue Morgue (1841) [fiction: short story]
(2)  The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym (1848) [fiction: novella]

NIKOLAI GOGOL (1809-1852) [Ukraine, Russia]
(9)  
Dead Souls (1842) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
The Government Inspector (The Inspector General) (1836) [drama]
(3)  Tales (1831-1842) [fiction: stories]

CHARLES DARWIN (1809-1882) [UK]
(7)  
On the Origin of Species (1859) [non-fiction: science]

ALFRED, LORD TENNYSON (1809-1892) [UK]
(5)  
Poems

ELIZABETH GASKELL (1810-1865) [UK]
(3)  
Mary Barton (1848) [fiction: novel]
(3)  North and South (1854-1855) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Cranford (1851-1853) [fiction: novel]

WILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY (1811-1863) [UK]
(8)  
Vanity Fair (1848) [fiction: novel]

THÉOPHILE GAUTIER (1811-1872) [France]
(2)  Enamels and Cameos (1852) [poetry]

HARRIET BEECHER STOWE (1811-1896) [US]
(4)  
Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1851) [fiction: novel]

CHARLES DICKENS (1812-1870) [UK]
(8)  
Great Expectations (1860-1861) [fiction: novel]
(7)  
David Copperfield (1849-1850) [fiction: novel]
(6)  
Oliver Twist (1838) [fiction: novel]
(6)  Bleak House (1852-1853) [fiction: novel]
(5)  
A Christmas Carol (1843) [fiction: novel]
(5)  A Tale of Two Cities (1859) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
The Pickwick Papers (1837) [fiction: novel]
(4)  Hard Times (1854) [fiction: novel]
(4)  Little Dorrit (1857) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
Our Mutual Friend (1864-1864) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Nicholas Nickleby (1838-1839) [fiction: novel]
(2)  Martin Chuzzlewit (1843-1844) [fiction: novel]
(2)  Dombey and Son (1846-1848) [fiction: novel]

EDWARD LEAR (1812-1888) [UK]
(2)  
The Book of Nonsense (1846) [poetry]

ROBERT BROWNING (1812-1889) [UK]
(3)  
Poems

IVAN GONCHAROV (1812-1891) [Russia]
(4)  
Oblomov (1859) [fiction: novel]

GEORG BÜCHNER (1813-1837) [Germany]
(2)  
Danton’s Death (1835) [drama]
(2)  Woyzeck (1837) [drama]

MIKHAIL LERMONTOV (1814-1841) [Russia]
(2)  Narrative Poems, incl. The Demon (1830-1841) [poetry]

ANTHONY TROLLOPE (1815-1882) [UK]
(4)  
The Last Chronicle of Barset (1867) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
The Warden (1855) [fiction: novel]
(3)  Barchester Towers (1857) [fiction: novel]
(3)  Phineas Finn (1869) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Doctor Thorne (1858) [fiction: novel]
(2)  Framley Parsonage (1861) [fiction: novel]
(2)  The Small House at Allington (1864) [fiction: novel]
(2)  The Eustace Diamonds (1873) [fiction: novel]
(2)  The Way We Live Now (1875) [fiction: novel]

RICHARD HENRY DANA, JR. (1815-1882) [US]
(2)  Two Years Before the Mast (1840) [non-fiction: memoir]

CHARLOTTE BRONTË (1816-1855) [UK]
(9)  
Jane Eyre (1847) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Villette (1853) [fiction: novel]

HENRY DAVID THOREAU (1817-1862) [US]
(7)  
Walden (1854) [non-fiction: memoir/philosophy]
(2)  
Essays (1840-1862) [non-fiction: essays]

EMILY BRONTË (1818-1848) [UK]
(10)  Wuthering Heights (1847) [fiction: novel]

KARL MARX (1818-1883) and FRIEDRICH ENGELS (1820-1895) [Germany]
(7)  The Communist Manifesto (1848) [non-fiction: political philosophy]

KARL MARX (1818-1883) [Germany]
(4)  
Das Kapital (1867-1894) [non-fiction: economics]

IVAN TURGENEV (1818-1883) [Russia]
(6)  
Fathers and Sons (1862) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
First Love (1860) [fiction: novella]
(2)  
A Sportsman’s Notebook (1852) [fiction: short stories]
(2)  On the Eve (1860) [fiction: novel]

FREDERICK DOUGLASS (1818-1895) [US]
(5)  
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (1881) [non-fiction: memoir]

GEORGE ELIOT (1819-1880) [UK]
(12)  
Middlemarch (1871-1872) [fiction: novel]
(5)  
The Mill on the Floss (1860) [fiction: novel]
(5)  Silas Marner (1861) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
Adam Bede (1859) [fiction: novel]
(3)  Daniel Deronda (1876) [fiction: novel]

HERMAN MELVILLE (1819-1891) [US]
(12)  
Moby-Dick (1851) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
Billy Budd (pub. 1924) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
Stories, incl. Bartleby the Scrivener

WALT WHITMAN (1819-1892) [US]
(9)  
Leaves of Grass (1855) [poetry]
(2)  
Specimen Days (1892) [non-fiction: essays]

THEODOR FONTANE (1819-1898) [German]
(4)  
Effi Briest (1896) [fiction: novel]

CHARLES BAUDELAIRE (1821-1867) [France]
(3)  
Flowers of Evil (1857) [poetry]
(2)  
Paris Spleen (1869) [poetry: prose poems]

GUSTAVE FLAUBERT (1821-1880) [France]
(14)  
Madame Bovary (1857) [fiction: novel]
(7)  
Sentimental Education (1869) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Three Tales (1877) [fiction: short stories]
(2)  Bouvard and Pécuchet (1881) [fiction: novel]

FYODOR DOSTOEVSKY (1821-1881) [Russia]
(13)  
Crime and Punishment (1866) [fiction: novel]
(10)  
The Brothers Karamazov (1880) [fiction: novel]
(7)  
The Idiot (1869) [fiction: novel]
(6)  
The Possessed (The Devils) (1872) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
Notes from the Underground (1864) [fiction: novel]

MATTHEW ARNOLD (1822-1888) [UK]
(3)  
Poems

ALEXANDER OSTROVSKY (1823-1886) [Russia]
(3)  
The Storm (1860) [drama]

FRANCIS PARKMAN (1823-1893) [US]
(2)  
The Oregon Trail (1847) [non-fiction: memoir/travel]

WILKIE COLLINS (1824-1889) [UK]
(5)  
The Woman in White (1860) [fiction: crime novel]
(3)  
The Moonstone (1868) [fiction: crime novel]

GEORGE MACDONALD (1824-1905) [UK: Scotland]
(2)  
Lilith (1895) [fiction: fantasy novel]

R.D. BLACKMORE (1825-1900) [UK]
(2)  
Lorna Doone (1869) [fiction: children's literature]

LEW WALLACE (1827-1905) [US]
(3)  
Ben-Hur (1880) [fiction: novel]

JULES VERNE (1828-1905) [France]
(3)  
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1870) [fiction: sci-fi novel]
(3)  Around the World In Eighty Days (1873) [fiction: sci-fi novel]
(2)  
Journey to the Center of the Earth (1866) [fiction: sci-fi novel]

HENRIK IBSEN (1828-1906) [Norway]
(10)  
A Doll’s House (1879) [drama]
(5)  
Peer Gynt (1867) [drama]
(5)  Hedda Gabler (1890) [drama]
(4)  
The Master Builder (1892) [drama]
(3)  
Brand (1866) [drama]
(3)  Ghosts (1881) [drama]
(3)  The Wild Duck (1885) [drama]
(2)  
Emperor and Galilean (1873) [drama]
(2)  An Enemy of the People (1882) [drama]
(2)  When We Dead Awaken (1899) [drama]

GEORGE MEREDITH (1828-1909) [UK]
(2)  
The Egoist (1879) [fiction: novel]

LEO TOLSTOY (1828-1910) [Russia]
(14)  
War and Peace (1869) [fiction: novel]
(12)  
Anna Karenina (1877) [fiction: novel]
(6)  
The Death of Ivan Ilych (1886) [fiction: novella]
(4)  
The Kreutzer Sonata (1889) [fiction: novella]
(2)  
Family Happiness (1859) [fiction: novella]
(2)  Resurrection (1899) [fiction: novel]

EMILY DICKINSON (1830-1886) [US]
(7)  
Poems

CHRISTINA ROSSETTI (1830-1894) [UK]
(4)  
Poems

NIKOLAI LESKOV (1831-1895) [Russia]
(3)  
Tales

LOUISA MAY ALCOTT (1832-1888) [US]
(6)  
Little Women (1868) [fiction: novel]

LEWIS CARROLL (1832-1898) [UK]
(7)  Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1865) [fiction: children’s novel]
(6)  
Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There (1871) [fiction: children’s novel]
(2)  
La Guida di Bragia, a Ballad Opera for the Marionette Theatre (c. 1850) [drama]
(2)  Rhyme? And Reason? (aka Phantasmagoria) (1869) [poetry]
(2)  The Hunting of the Snark  (1876) [poetry]
(2)  Euclid and his Modern Rivals (1879) [non-fiction: mathematics]
(2)  A Tangled Tale (1885) [fiction: short stories]
(2)  Alice’s Adventures Under Ground (1886) [fiction: novel]
(2)  Curiosa Mathematica Part I – New Theory of Parallels (1888) [[non-fiction: mathematics]
(2)  Sylvie and Bruno (1889) [fiction: novel]
(2)  Curiosa Mathematica Part II – Pillow Problems (1893) [non-fiction: mathematics]
(2)  Sylvie and Bruno Concluded (1893) [fiction: novel]
(2)  Three Sunsets and Other Poems (1898) [poetry]

WILLIAM MORRIS (1834-1896) [UK]
(3)  
News from Nowhere (1890) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
The Earthly Paradise (1868-1870) [poetry]
(2)  Poems

SAMUEL BUTLER (1835-1902) [UK]
(4)  
The Way of All Flesh (c. 1889) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
Erewhon (1872) [fiction: novel]

MARK TWAIN (1835-1910) [US]
(12)  
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
The Adventure of Tom Sawyer (1876) [fiction: children's literature]
(2)  A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (1889) [fiction: novel]

GUSTAVO ADOLPHO BÉCQUER (1836-1870) [Spain]
(2)  
Poems

ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE (1837-1909) [UK]
(3)  
Poems
(2)  
Letters

WILLIAM DEAN HOWELLS (1837-1920) [US]
(2)  
The Rise of Silas Lapham (1885) [fiction: novel]

HENRY ADAMS (1838-1918) [US]
(6)  
The Education of Henry Adams (1918) [non-fiction: memoir]
(2)  
Mont Saint-Michel and Chartres (1904) [non-fiction: history/criticism]

WALTER PATER (1839-1894) [UK]
(2)  
Marius the Epicurean (1885) [fiction: novel]

ÉMILE ZOLA (1840-1902) [France]
(4)  
Germinal (1885) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
L’Assommoir (1877) [fiction: novel]
(3)  Nana (1880) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Thérèse Raquin (1867) [fiction: novel]

GIOVANNI VERGA (1840-1922) [Italy]
(3)  The House by the Medlar Tree (1890) [fiction: novel]
(3)  Little Novels of Sicily (1883) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Mastro Don Gesualdo (1889) [fiction: novel]

THOMAS HARDY (1840-1928) [UK]
(6)  
The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886) [fiction: novel]
(6)  Tess of the D’Urbervilles (1891) [fiction: novel]
(6)  Jude the Obscure (1895) [fiction: novel]
(5)  
Far From the Madding Crowd (1874) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
The Return of the Native (1878) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
The Woodlanders (1887) [fiction: novel]
(2)  Poems

STÉPHANE MALLARMÉ (1842-1898) [France]
(2)  
Poems
(2)  Prose [non-fiction: criticism]

WILLIAM JAMES (1842-1910) [US]
(4)  
The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902) [non-fiction: psychology]
(3)  
Pragmatism (1907) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  
The Principles of Psychology (1890) [non-fiction: psychology]

AMBROSE BIERCE (1842-1914?) [US]
(2)  
The Devil’s Dictionary (1906, 1911) [non-fiction: satire/reference]
(2)  Stories, incl. Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge (1871-1909)

HENRY JAMES (1843-1916) [US, UK]
(8)  
The Portrait of a Lady (1881) [fiction: novel]
(8)  Short Novels and Tales, incl. The Turn of the Screw (1864-1910) [fiction: stories]
(6)  
The Ambassadors (1903) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
The Wings of the Dove (1902) [fiction: novel]
(4)  The Golden Bowl (1904) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
The Bostonians (1886) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Daisy Miller (1878) [fiction: novella]

BENITO PÉREZ GALDÓS (1843-1920) [Spain]
(3)  
Fortunata and Jacinta (1886-1887) [fiction: novel]
(3)  Misericordia (1897) [fiction: novel]

GERARD MANLEY HOPKINS (1844-1889) [UK]
(5)  
Poems

PAUL VERLAINE (1844-1896) [France]
(2)  
Poems

FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE (1844-1900) [Germany]
(4)  
Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(3)  
Beyond Good and Evil (1886) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  
On the Genealogy of Morals (1887) [non-fiction: philosophy]

ANATOLE FRANCE (1844-1924) [France]
(2)  
Penguin Island (1908) [fiction: satire]

ROBERT BRIDGES (1844-1930) [UK]
(2)  
Poems

JOSÉ MARIA DE EÇA DE QUEIROZ (1845-1900) [Portugal]
(3)  
The Maias (1888) [fiction: novel]

HENRYK SIENKIEWICZ (1846-1916) [Poland]
(2)  
Quo Vadis (1895) [fiction: novel]

BRAM STOKER (1847-1912) [Ireland]
(5)  
Dracula (1897) [fiction: novel]

GEORGE GROSSMITH (1847-1912) and WEEDON GROSSMITH (1854-1919) [UK]
(3)  
Diary of A Nobody (1892) [fiction: novel]

AUGUST STRINDBERG (1849-1912) [Sweden]
(5)  
Miss Julie (1888) [drama]
(4)  
The Father (1887) [drama]
(4)  The Ghost Sonata (1907) [drama]
(3)  
A Dream Play (1901) [drama]
(3)  The Dance of Death (1901) [drama]
(2)  
The Red Room (1880) [fiction: novel]
(2)  The People of Hemsö (1887) [fiction: novel]
(2)  By the Open Sea (1890) [fiction: novel]
(2)  To Damascus (1898) [drama]

GUY DE MAUPASSANT (1850-1893) [France]
(4)  Stories

ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON  (1850-1894) [UK: Scotland]
(6)  
Treasure Island (1883) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
Kidnapped (1886) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886) [fiction: novel]
(3)  The Master of Ballantrae (1889) [fiction: novel]

KATE CHOPIN (1850-1904) [US]
(4)  
The Awakening (1899) [fiction: novel]

ARTHUR RIMBAUD (1854-1891) [France]
(4)  
A Season in Hell (Un Saison en Enfer) (1873) [poetry]
(3)  
The Drunken Boat (Le Bateau Ivre) (1871) [poetry]
(3)  Illuminations (1874) [poetry]
(2)  
Le Soleil Etait Encore Chaud (1866) [poetry]
(2)  Proses Evangeliques (1872) [poetry]
(2)  Poesies (c. 1869-1873) [poetry]
(2)  Letters (1870-1891)

OSCAR WILDE (1854-1900) [Ireland]
(6)  
The Importance of Being Earnest (1899) [drama]
(5)  
The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Vera, or The Nihilists (1880) [drama]
(2)  The Duchess of Padua (1883) [drama]
(2)  Intentions: The Critic As Artist (1891) [non-fiction: criticism]
(2)  Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892) [drama]
(2)  A Woman of No Importance  (1893) [drama]
(2)  Salomé (1893) [drama]
(2)  An Ideal Husband (1895) [drama]
(2)  De Profundis (1905) [non-fiction: memoir]
(2)  Letters
(2)  Poems

JAMES GEORGE FRAZER (1854-1941) [UK: Scotland]
(3)  
The Golden Bough (1890) [non-fiction: anthropology]

BOOKER T. WASHINGTON (1856-1915) [US]
(2)  
Up from Slavery (1901) [non-fiction: memoir]

SIGMUND FREUD (1856-1939) [Austria]
(7)  
The Interpretation of Dreams (1899) [non-fiction: psychology]
(4)  
Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905) [non-fiction: psychology]
(4)  Civilization and its Discontents (1930) [non-fiction: political philosophy]
(2)  
Studies on Hysteria (with Josef Breuer) (1895) [non-fiction: psychology]
(2)  On Narcissism (1914) [non-fiction: psychology]
(2)  Introduction to Psychoanalysis (1917) [non-fiction: psychology]
(2)  Beyond the Pleasure Principle (1920) [non-fiction: psychology]
(2)  The Ego and the Id (1923) [non-fiction: psychology]
(2)  The Future of an Illusion (1927) [non-fiction: religion]

GEORGE BERNARD SHAW (1856-1950) [Ireland]
(8)  
Saint Joan (1924) [drama]
(5)  
Man and Superman (1902-1903) [drama]
(5)  Major Barbara (1905) [drama]
(4)  
Pygmalion (1912-1913) [drama]
(3)  
Arms and the Man (1894) [drama]
(3)  Heartbreak House (1919) [drama]
(2)  
Back to Methuselah (1921) [drama]

GEORGE GISSING (1857-1903) [UK]
(2)  
New Grub Street (1891) [fiction: novel]

LIU E (1857-1909) [China]
(2)  The Travels of Lao Can (1907) [fiction: novel]

JOSEPH CONRAD (1857-1924) [Poland, UK] [English]
(10)  
Heart of Darkness (1902) [fiction: novella]
(8)  
Nostromo (1904) [fiction: novel]
(7)  
Lord Jim (1900) [fiction: novel]
(5)  
The Secret Agent (1907) [fiction: novel]
(3)  
Under Western Eyes (1911) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Youth (1898) [fiction: short stories]
(2)  Victory (1915) [fiction: novel]

SHOLEM ALEICHEM (1859-1916) [Ukraine, US] [Yiddish]
(2)  
Stories, incl. Tevye the Dairyman [fiction: short stories]

JEROME K. JEROME (1859-1927) [UK]
(2)  
Three Men in a Boat (1889) [fiction: novel]

ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE (1859-1930) [UK: Scotland]
(5)  
The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902) [fiction: crime novel]
(3)  
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1892) [fiction: crime short stories]
(3)  The Casebook of Sherlock Holmes (1927) [fiction: crime stories]

KENNETH GRAHAME (1859-1932) [UK: Scotland]
(4)  
A Wind in the Willows (1908) [fiction: children’s novel]

A. E. HOUSMAN (1859-1936) [UK]
(2)  
Poems

JOHN DEWEY (1859-1952) [US]
(2)  
Philosophy and Civilization (1931) [non-fiction: philosophy]
(2)  Experience and Education (1938) [non-fiction: education]

KNUT HAMSUN (1859-1952) [Norway]
(7)  
Hunger (1890) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
Growth of the Soil (1917) [fiction: novel]

ANTON CHEKHOV (1860-1904) [Russia]
(9)  
Tales, incl. Ward Number Six (1883-1903) [fiction: stories]
(9)  The Cherry Orchard (1904) [drama]
(5)  
Uncle Vanya (1899-1900) [drama]
(4)  
Three Sisters (1901) [drama]
(3)  
The Seagull (1896) [drama]

CHARLOTTE PERKINS GILMAN (1860-1935) [US]
(2)  
The Yellow Wallpaper (1892) [fiction: short story]

ITALO SVEVO (1861-1928) [Italy]
(6)  
Zeno’s Conscience (The Confessions of Zeno) (1923) [fiction: novel]

RABINDRANATH TAGORE (1861-1941) [India] [Bengali]
(5)  
Poems
(3)  
Stories
(2)  
Plays

ARTHUR SCHNITZLER (1862-1931) [Austria]
(2)  
La Ronde (Reigen) (1897) [drama]

EDITH WHARTON (1862-1937) [US]
(7)  
The House of Mirth (1905) [fiction: novel]
(7)  The Age of Innocence (1920) [fiction: novel]
(4)  
Ethan Frome (1911) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
The Custom of the Country (1913) [fiction: novel]

GERHART HAUPTMANN (1862-1946) [Germany]
(2)  The Weavers (1892) [drama]

MAURICE MAETERLINCK (1862-1949) [Belgium] [French]
(2)  Pelléas and Mélisande (1893) [drama]

S. ANSKY (1863-1920) [Russia] [Russian, Yiddish]
(2)  
The Dybbuk (1920) [drama]

C.P. CAVAFY (1863-1933) [Greece]
(2)  
Poems

FRANK WEDEKIND  (1864-1918) [Germany]
(2)  
Spring Awakening (1891) [drama]

MAX WEBER (1864-1920) [Germany]
(3)  
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1904) [non-fiction: history/economics]

RUDYARD KIPLING (1865-1936) [UK]
(7)  
Kim (1901) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
The Jungle Book (1894) [fiction: children's stories]

WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS (1865-1939) [Ireland]
(8)  
Poems
(2)  
Mosada (1886) [drama]
(2)  The Countess Cathleen (1892) [drama]
(2)  
The Land of Heart’s Desire (1894) [drama]
(2)  Cathleen Ni Houlihan (1901) [drama]
(2)  Where There Is Nothing (1903) [drama]
(2)  The Hour Glass (1903) [drama]
(2)  King’s Threshold (1904) [drama]
(2)  The Pot of Broth (1904) [drama]
(2)  Dierdre (1907) [drama]
(2)  At the Hawk’s Well (1916) [drama]
(2)  
Four Plays for Dancers (1921) [drama]
(2)  The Player Queen (1922) [drama]
(2)  Autobiographies (1926) [non-fiction: memoir]
(2)  The Resurrection (1927) [drama]
(2)  The Tower (1928) [poetry]
(2)  Wheels and Butterflies (1934) [drama]
(2)  The Words Upon the Window Pane (1934) [drama]
(2)  The Herne’s Egg (1938) [drama]

H. G. WELLS (1866-1946) [UK]
(7)  
The War of the Worlds (1898) [fiction: sci-fi novel]
(5)  
The Time Machine (1895) [fiction: sci-fi novel]
(3)  
The Invisible Man (1897) [fiction: sci-fi novel]
(2)  
The Island of Dr. Moreau (1896) [fiction: sci-fi novel]
(2)  Tono-Bungay (1909) [fiction: novel]

NATSUME SOSEKI (1867-1916) [Japan]
(6)  
Kokoro (1914) [fiction: novel]

ARNOLD BENNETT (1867-1931) [UK]
(4)  
The Old Wives’ Tale (1908) [fiction: novel]

JOHN GALSWORTHY (1867-1933) [UK]
(5)  
The Forsyte Saga (1906-1921) [fiction: novels]

LUIGI PIRANDELLO (1867-1936) [Italy]
(7)  
Six Characters in Search of an Author (1921) [drama]
(2)  
Henry IV (1922) [drama]

EDITH HAMILTON (1867-1963) [Germany, US] [English]
(2)  
Mythology (1942) [non-fiction: history/criticism]

EDMOND ROSTAND (1868-1918) [France]
(4)  
Cyrano de Bergerac (1897) [drama]

MAXIM GORKY (1868-1936) [Russia]
(2)  
The Lower Depths (1902) [drama]
(2)  Autobiography (1913-1923) [non-fiction: memoir]

EDGAR LEE MASTERS (1868-1950) [US]
(2)  
Spoon River Anthology (1915) [poetry]

W.E.B. DU BOIS (1868-1963) [US]
(3)  
The Souls of Black Folk (1903) [non-fiction: sociology]

EDWIN ARLINGTON ROBINSON (1869-1935) [US]
(2)  
Poems

WILLIAM STRUNK (1869-1946) [US] & E.B. WHITE (1899-1985) [US]
(3)  
The Elements of Style (1918) [non-fiction: writing]

BOOTH TARKINGTON (1869-1946) [US]
(3)  
The Magnificent Ambersons (1918) [fiction: novel]

MOHANDAS GANDHI (1869-1948) [India] [Gujarati]
(5)  
An Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth (1929) [non-fiction: memoir]

ANDRÉ GIDE (1869-1951) [France]
(4)  
The Counterfeiters (1925) [fiction: novel]
(2)  
The Immoralist (1902) [fiction: novel]

ROBERT ERSKINE CHILDERS (1870-1922) [UK]
(2)  
The Riddle of the Sands (1903) [fiction: spy novel]

One thought on “Great Authors and their Masterworks, Part 1: 850 BCE – 1870

  1. Pingback: Authors and Auteurs: The Individual As Creative Force | Make Lists, Not War

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